Robin HoodLevel 2 Retold by Liz Austin Series Editors: Andy Hopkins and Jocelyn Potter Pearson Education Limited Ed. IN MERRY ENGLAND in the time of old, when good King Henry the Second ruled the land, there lived within the green glades of Sherwood Forest, near. Robin Hood and his Merry Men. Historical context. The story of Robin Hood is a legend. It is probably based on a real person who lived in England in the 12th.
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The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood. How Robin Hood Cane to Be an Outlaw. IN MERRY ENGLAND in the time of old, when good King. Henry the Second. Robin Hood was born near the end of the 12th century. His real name was. Robert. He was the son of the Earl① of Huntingdon. At that time, England had many. books. Robin Hood lived in times very different from ours. In the first chapter of this book I have told you about those times, and how and why. Robin came to live .
I want to fight the sheriff - and Prince John too. Why not? I'd like to try him! Control versus convenience with eBooks Raising the bar. Then one of them, with his mouth full, called out to Robin, 'Hulloa, where goest thou, little lad, with thy one-penny bow and thy farthing shafts?
No archer ever lived that could speed a gray goose shaft with such skill and cunning as his, nor were there ever such yeomen as the sevenscore merry men that roamed with him through the greenwood shades. Right merrily they dwelled within the depths of Sherwood Forest, suffering neither care nor want, but passing the time in merry games of archery or bouts of cudgel play, living upon the King's venison, washed down with draughts of ale of October brewing.
Not only Robin himself but all the band were outlaws and dwelled apart from other men, yet they were beloved by the country people round about, for no one ever came to jolly Robin for help in time of need and went away again with an empty fist. When Robin was a youth of eighteen, stout of sinew and bold of heart, the Sheriff of Nottingham proclaimed a shooting match and offered a prize of a butt of ale to whosoever should shoot the best shaft in Nottinghamshire.
It was at the dawn of day in the merry Maytime, when hedgerows are green and flowers bedeck the meadows; daisies pied and yellow cuckoo buds and fair primroses all along the briery hedges; when apple buds blossom and sweet birds sing, the lark at dawn of day, the throstle cock and cuckoo; when lads and lasses look upon each other with sweet thoughts; when busy housewives spread their linen to bleach upon the bright green grass.
Sweet was the greenwood as he walked along its paths, and bright the green and rustling leaves, amid which the little birds sang with might and main: As thus he walked along with a brisk step and a merry whistle, he came suddenly upon some foresters seated beneath a great oak tree.
Fifteen there were in all, making themselves merry with feasting and drinking as they sat around a huge pasty, to which each man helped himself, thrusting his hands into the pie, and washing down that which they ate with great horns of ale which they drew all foaming from a barrel that stood nigh.
Each man was clad in Lincoln green, and a fine show they made, seated upon the sward beneath that fair, spreading tree. Then one of them, with his mouth full, called out to Robin, 'Hulloa, where goest thou, little lad, with thy one-penny bow and thy farthing shafts?
Then one who held a horn of ale in his hand said, 'Ho! Why, boy, thy mother's milk is yet scarce dry upon thy lips, and yet thou pratest of standing up with good stout men at Nottingham butts, thou who art scarce able to draw one string of a two-stone bow.
At this all laughed aloud, and one said, 'Well boasted, thou fair infant, well boasted! And well thou knowest that no target is nigh to make good thy wager.
At this Robin grew right mad. Perhaps Robin really did live, and perhaps not. There was a King Richard; he was king from to He left England and fought in Jerusalem.
When he was away, Prince John was the most important man in England. Then, when Richard died, John was the next king. Sherwood Forest and Nottingham are about two hundred kilometres north of London.
Many people there say that Robin Hood really lived in the forest. Most people know that Robin lived in Saxon and Norman times. He robbed rich people and gave the money to poor people. But not everybody knows that he came from a rich family.
And not many people know that Robin Hood was halfSaxon and half-Norman. This lord wanted to take Gamwell's house and his lands.
The two men fought, and the Norman lord killed Gamwell's two sons. Gamwell's wife also died. But Sir George also had a young daughter, Joanna. One day, a young man visited Sir George. His name was William Fitzooth, and he was a Norman. I hope that she loves me. I would like to marry her. Get off my land. Do not come here again or I will kill you! So she tried to talk to her father, but he didn't want to listen. Sir, Lord, Lady: Important men had the words Sir or Lord before their names; important women had the word Lady.
He stood under Joanna's window and called to her. Joanna took. William took her hand. So we will live in the green forest. I know you are a good man. I will marry you. I want to speak to her. Sir George was very angry, then very sad. She gave the baby to her father. Sir George wanted to be angry, but he was very happy with his grandson in his arms. Is that your name? Please, daughter, come with your husband and live near me.
Let's forget the past. I will teach him to find his 2 way in the forest in the day and at night. He will learn to make arrows for his bow, and to catch forest animals. He will make a ire and cook the meat. The forest will always be his second home. After twenty-five years, Robin was lord of Gamwell and Locksley, and lived in his father's home, Locksley House.
The village people liked Robin Fitzooth. The worst person was the greedy Sheriff of Nottingham. The sheriff took everything from the villagers, and often these poor people were very hungry. Robin listened carefully to the stories about the sheriff. He sent food and clothes to the poorest families.
They called him Robin Hood. But now brave Robin Hood and his men rob rich people and give their money to poor villagers! Robin Hood's men often stopped rich men in the forest, and took their money.
Sometimes Prince John's men also used the road. So Robin Hood robbed him too. They say only that the robbers live in or near Sherwood Forest.
But they know more than they say. I have a plan to learn more about this man Robin Hood. Tonight there is going to be a great party at Locksley House. I know that Fitzooth will invite the village people on his land.
So I will send one of my men. When I know more about this Robin, I can catch him. There was food and drink for the villagers, and there was dancing and singing.
Everybody was very happy. And Robin was the happiest person there, because he and the lovely Lady Marian Fitzwalter planned to marry the next day. The sheriff's man turned to a villager next to him. Does he live near here? Robin Fitzooth is Robin Hood! But my men will stop him and bring him to me. Prince John will kill him and give me Fitzooth's money and lands. Lady Marian's family is also rich.
She will not marry Robin, so perhaps I will marry her. Yes, tomorrow will be a great day for me! Lady Marian was some years younger than Robin, and very lovely. She wore a white dress, and her long hair was the colour of the forest trees in autumn.
The abbot began to speak. Robin turned. It was the Sheriff of Nottingham. Behind the sheriff were twenty men with bows and arrows. He is the robber, Robin Hood! Look carefully round the church, Sheriff. Do you not see my men? The abbot was angry and afraid. The good abbot does not want you to fight!
The sheriff fell back. Everybody outside! His men pushed the sheriff's men back through the church door. A great fight began outside the abbey. Robin spoke quickly to Marian. Wait 5 for me, my love. King Richard will come back to England - he will hear about the greedy sheriff and his friends.
I will never hurt a woman, a child or a poor man. But rich and greedy men will be afraid to walk near my forest home! The prince sold them to him for a lot of money in gold. The greedy sheriff, of course, wanted to get the money back again as fast as possible.
So his poor villagers had to pay the sheriff more money than before. The villagers on Robin's land also had to pay. Their new lord, the sheriff, was a very hard man. One of these villages was Farnsfield. It was very close to Sherwood, and the villagers often went into the forest. There they caught small animals and birds for their dinner. On their first visit to Farnsfield, the sheriff and his men took money and food.
They also found an old man in the forest, with a dead deer on his back. That evening, the sheriff called all the villagers. Then his men brought out the old man and the dead deer. The king and his lords can catch and kill them — you cannot. This evening, I will help you to remember that! Nobody spoke. Then he turned to the old man.
How much are you going to pay me for it? I found the deer, but it was dead. I didn't kill it! Very well, then you will have to pay with your life! This will be a lesson for the villagers of Farnsfield! The villagers could not help the old forester because they were afraid.
Kill me, but please do not pull down my house! It is my son's home, too, and he did not hurt you. He did not take the deer.
Wait, please! Only you can help me. Old man, why are you looking into the forest? Do you think that Robin Hood will help you? Do you know something about him? Tell me, and perhaps I will not kill you!
It is this way! Follow me! Then he suddenly ran as fast as he could.
Much was nearly inside the forest now, but the sheriff's fighters quickly took out their bows. Three arrows hit him, and Much fell to the ground. His open eyes looked up at the sky. I will pay you well! The sheriff was now very angry. Remember that!
The forester's young son stood outside his father's house. There was nothing there now. Do not be too sad — your father died bravely! Will Scarlet put down his bow, and put his hand on the boy's head. Who was this man? Was he your father? My father taught me a lot about the forest. You can teach me to be a fighter too!
I want to be Robin Hood's man. I want to fight the sheriff - and Prince John too. I learn quickly. I have nothing here. Please take me with you. That year, many young men came to the forest. They all had stories about the sheriff and his men. Robin and Will Scarlet taught them to use a sword and a bow and arrow. But Much, the forester's son, was always one of the best and bravest of Robin's men.
An old drinking song In the first weeks and months after the fight in the abbey, Robin and his men worked very hard. They cut down young trees and built homes in the centre of the forest. They made arrows from wood and caught forest deer for their food. They bought bread and milk from the villagers. Sometimes Robin liked to leave his men, and look for adventure.
One fine autumn morning, he and his friend Will Scarlet woke early. Will you come with me? Robin stood in the middle of the bridge, and looked up at the trees.
Then he looked down at the water. I have some bread, and 9 there is fruit on the trees. We will eat very well. Ah, this is a wonderful life! Are you going to stand there all day? Get out of my way!
The speaker was a big man, nearly two metres tall. Can I fight him - and win? I think I am going to do some fishing. Robin couldn't win. He knew that after a minute or two. The man wasn't very fast but he was very strong.
So Robin quickly thought of a plan. Robin quickly kicked the man's legs as hard as he could. The big man was very angry — but he didn't fall. He kicked Robin, and Robin fell off the bridge into the water.
The big man laughed. But Robin was not there. He was a long way from the bridge. Then Will Scarlet arrived. He will have to fight me now! So what is your name, friend? And what are you doing in my forest?
I came here to find brave Robin Hood. But first, I think, I will throw you in the river again! Please, don't do it again! Are you really Robin Hood? My name is John Little and I want to be one of your men. Come to our forest home, Little John!
One cold but sunny day in January, a man came slowly over the Great North Road on an old horse. The snow on the forest trees shone in the winter sunshine. But the man did not look at the forest. He looked only at the road in front of him. The man looked up. Are you afraid?
But he cannot help me. Robin Hood and his men love dangerous adventures. Come and eat with us! Tell us your problems! First, they gave him food and drink. He was very hungry. Thank you for this good food. With a little gold I can help many poor families. But I cannot give it to you.
I am going to St Mary's Abbey. This money is for the abbot. Perhaps he will wait another year, but I think not. I think that he will ask for my lands - and my home too. Tell us your name, friend, and tell us your story too.
Perhaps we can help. His name was Richard of Lee, and his son killed a man in a fight. The man died, and the Sheriff of Nottingham's men took the boy away. Did he ask for money? This happened last year. Now I have to pay the abbot. He wants 13 one thousand, one hundred pounds - and I can only give him six hundred.
But first, let's try something Tell him that you do not have the money. Ask him to help you. Ask him to wait another year! On the table there were bags of gold. He went to the window and looked out.
I think my friend, the sheriff, is right. Sir Richard cannot pay my one thousand, one hundred pounds. So this evening, I will be Lord of his house and his lands!
Do you have my money? I hope you will be kind. Next year I want my money now Pay me the one thousand, one hundred pounds, or your house and lands will be mine this evening!
It is a lot of money for me. Next year I hope Do you have my gold -yes or no? This good man and his family will sleep in their home tonight. The abbot's face was very red. He opened his mouth and then closed it again. What could he say? Later, in the forest, Little John told the story to Robin Hood and the other men. But the abbot will tell the sheriff, and the sheriff will also be angry. They are dangerous men. Sir Richard has to be careful.
Lords and ladies and the people from the villages came. They ate and drank. This year, the Sheriff of Nottingham came too, with fifty of his men. He watched Marian carefully. I know he will come today. Then my men can catch him. A man went to Marian and spoke to her. She smiled and gave him her hand. That's Robin Hood! Take him! The sheriff's men took out their swords and moved through the dancers.
Suddenly ten of the dancers ran for their swords too. They were, of course, Robin's men, and a great fight began. Robin's men were better fighters than the sheriff's. Marian wanted to fight too, but her father stopped her. Put down that sword! I am sorry about Robin — no other man will marry you. You are only interested in fighting!
I will marry her, then she will help me find Robin Hood. Lord Fitzwalter watched them through a window.
He was not happy. Please go to your room. I will speak to him. He put his hand on Lord Fitzwalter's arm and smiled. Perhaps one day a husband will I like a strong woman - and Marian is also very beautiful. I will be a good husband. I have lands, money - and important friends. He was now very unhappy. Marian wanted to marry Robin and no other man - he knew that.
I will talk to Marian but He can be your friend too. Think carefully! I am afraid of the prince. Please marry the sheriff, and forget Robin Fitzooth.
I will not marry the sheriff, but he will be angry with me, not you. Tomorrow I will leave the house very early and stay with my uncle. The sheriff will come late in the morning. Tell your men to look for me. Look in every room. Be very angry. Then the sheriff will think that you know nothing!
Go then to my brother's house. But who will go with you? He fights too well for a churchman. People say that the Abbot of St Mary's hates him. The friar had to leave the abbey. He is a greedy man. Friar Tuck is greedy too - he eats more than ten men! But he is a brave man and very strong. Yes, take Friar Tuck with you. The friar took his staff and Marian took her bow and arrows.
Then they left the house and walked on the Great North Road through the forest. After some hours, the friar suddenly left the road and sat down under a tree. Stay here. I will take your staff and my bow and arrow, and catch some animals.
She saw a deer. Very quietly, she took out an arrow and put it to her bow. The man spoke very loudly. The deer jumped at the noise and ran away into the trees.
Marian was very angry.