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And they say: Resurrection be fulfilled, if you are truthful? Surah Ash-Shooraa: He returned to his companions, who tried in vain to release the hand from the neck. The Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said: Man should consider and beware of the consequences of his past, and guard against the consequences in his future.
The results also show that trade openness, growth rate in the labor force, and exchange rates have a positive and significant effect on foreign direct investment flows. But multilateral development assistance, the growth rate in GDP per capita, the country's composite risk level, and the index for political freedom and civil liberties do not have a statistically significant effect on foreign direct investment flows.
The policy implication of the positive and significant influence of the bilateral official development assistance on foreign direct investment is that the recipient countries need to formulate policies that improve their economic relationships with the donor countries in order to attract greater foreign direct investment flows from the multilateral corporations located in these countries.
Volume 17 , Issue 1. Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username. African Development Review Volume 17, Issue 1. First published: Tools Request permission Export citation Add to favorites Track citation.
Share Give access Share full text access. Share full text access. Please review our Terms and Conditions of Use and check box below to share full-text version of article. Abstract Abstract: Citing Literature Number of times cited according to CrossRef: Wiley Online Library. It is only Allah Who makes them sprout, grow and flourish. This demands that man be grateful to Allah. Their hands have no such power as to create a grain, or a vine, or date- palm.
To fructify the labour and struggle done in setting up a garden and looking after it, is absolutely in the control of His Power alone. And if observed deeply, the work which is apparently done by human hands is also really done by the powers given by Allah, and by His will and intention.
Therefore from every viewpoint and from all angles, to give Him thanks and recognize His benefactions became obligatory on all mankind. In the above verse the aspect of warning was apparent i. And they should also note that when Allah revives the land materially which was lying in a dead state, He can also revive a nation spiritually lying in a dead condition for a long time. Glory be to Him Who has created all the pair of that what the earth produces, as well as of their own human kind male and female , and of that which they know not.
This means that in vegetations, in human beings, and in other creatures, whom they know not fully, Allah has created pairs, either from the viewpoint of contrast as man and woman, male and female, sweet and sour, white and black, day and night, light and darkness, or by way of resemblance as colours of the same kind, fruits of the same taste, two animals of the same form and shape etc.
However, there is no creature among the creatures that has no comparison or contrast. It is Allah Who has neither any comparison, nor any contrast, because comparison and contrast is found in those things which have some common features. But there is no common feature between the Creator and the created beings.
The mention of "that of which they have no knowledge" evidently relates to things or phenomena not yet understood by man. And a sign for them is the night, We withdraw from it the day, and behold, they are in darkness. After discussing earthly phenomenon, Allah proceeds to discuss heavenly bodies.
Likewise, understand that the sheet of day is covering the night. When this sheet of light is stripped, the people go into darkness. Afterwards again comes the sun at its appointed time and fixed velocity and enlightens everything. Likewise, we must understand by the analogy of the rotations of the earth causing days and nights that in the same way Allah can revive the whole world after making it die.
And no doubt He is the only Allah worthy of worship in Whose Hand lies the Reign of revolutions whereby we receive manifold benefits.
Moreover, is it difficult for the All-Mighty who changes the night from the day, to eradicate the shadows of ignorance from the world by the sun of Prophethood? But like the setting and rising of night and day, and the sun and the moon, every work is done at its time.
The Day or the Light is the positive thing. The Night or the Darkness is relatively negative. If Allah withdraws the real positive thing, which filled the void, nothing is left but the void. These few verses deal with the Signs or Symbols — things in the physical world around us, from which we can learn the deepest spiritual truths if we earnestly apply ourselves to them.
And the sun runs on its fixed course for a term decreed. Allah has created it so perfectly, that it cannot shift an inch from its designated orbit in space. During the summer months, the position of the sun on the horizon is different and this position changes during the winter months.
This does not vary over the years. The manner of movement and the path of the sun is fixed. It goes on it, it cannot budge an inch or a second from it. It is always busy in the work to which it is appointed or with which it is charged. It is never resting. It passes by all those stations which comes in its course of the daily rotations and annual revolutions, till at last it reaches its resting-place last resort near before Qiyaamah, when it would be ordered to come back from that place where it had set i.
This is the time when the door of repentance shall be closed, as described in Authentic Ahaadith. The thing is that all this system of its rising and setting is established by that All-Mighty and All-Knowing Being whose administration cannot be broken by anyone, nor anyone can criticize His Wisdom and Prudence. He may change it by Himself whenever and however He wills, no one can force Him to do anything.
However, the truth of the matter is contained in the following authentic Ahaadith of our beloved Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam.
There following are some Ahaadith quoted in connection with the interpretation of this verse in which it is mentioned that the sun perform SAJDAH under the Throne of Allah. A few of them are quoted below: The Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said. Do you know where the sun sets?
And that is the decree of All-Mighty, the All-Knowing. Surah Yaseen: He said, "Its course is underneath 'Allah's Throne. He Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said: And that is the interpretation of the Statement of Allah: It must be noted that nothing can be allowed to overrule a statement of the Prophet reported in the authentic Ahaadith. It should also be noted that the possibility exists that this period of prostration is so brief and inconspicuous that even instruments cannot detect it.
It will be an act of kufr to refute the fact that the sun moves, because the Qur'an establishes this fact. It is not a sphere as many astronomers claim. Rather it is a dome supported by legs or pillars, carried by the angels, and it is above the universe, above the heads of people. When the sun is at its zenith at noon, it is in its closest position to Throne, and when it runs in its orbit at the opposite point to its zenith, at midnight, it is in its furthest position from the Throne.
It is possible that at that point it prostrates and asks for permission to rise, as mentioned in the Ahaadith above. So the sun prostrates in a real sense, as is suited to the sun, but how does it prostrate to Allah beneath the Throne? Allah knows best how this prostration happens. The apparent meaning of the Hadith proves that what this prostration means is not just simply submission to the command of Allah and obedience to Him.
Indeed, it is submission, humility, and surrender by prostrating in the real sense, but we do not understand how it happens. Similarly it is said that the moon, the trees, the animals, and all other entities prostrate in a manner that suits them. What the believer should do is not to let the fact that he does not know how some entities prostrate prevent him from believing in this prostration; rather he must believe in what Allah has told him about other entities prostrating to Him.
And the moon, We have measured for it mansions to traverse till it returns like the old dried curved date stalk. Unlike the sun, the moon does not remain the same. Every day it seems to decrease and increase. Allah has determined twenty eight stations for the moon. It crosses them under a set system by degrees. In the previous verses first the day and night were described, then the sun was mentioned determining the years and harvests.
Now the moon is described with which the lunar months are attached. The sun and the moon seem to meet each other at the end of the lunar month, the moon disappears, and when it advances it becomes visible. Then by stations it goes on increasing and on the 14th night it becomes full, then it begins to decrease, and at last it finally comes to the previous condition and becomes like the old palm bough, gloomy and curved.
The waxing and waning of the moon takes place with great precision and at the beginning and end of each lunar month, it appears withered like a dry branch of a date palm. It is not for the sun to overtake the moon, nor does the night outstrip the day. They all float, each in an orbit. Emphasising the clockwork precision of the sun and moon, Allah says: Allah has prescribed certain periods when the night and day vary, which neither has the ability to contravene.
The sun rules in the day and the moon rules in the night. It cannot be that the sun may subdue the moon when it is scattering its light i. These spheroids cannot fail to distribute their lights which are fixed for the various lands and continents.
Every planet is moving on its ordained orbit. No planet or star can budge an inch from its appointed way, and despite the fast velocity and the open space they do not clash together, neither do they recede nor precede the fixed estimation. Is it not a clear sign of this reality that all these machines and their parts are working under the Sovereign Administration of a Great Planner?
Then will that Supreme Being Who changes and revolve the earth, the sun and the moon, be helpless to annihilate and revive you?
Allah forbid! Surah Al-Qiyaamah: So, if you see them i. On the day of a solar eclipse, Allah's Messenger Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam stood up to offer the eclipse prayer. He recited Takbir, recited a long recitation of Holy Verses , bowed a long bowing, and then he raised his head saying, "Allah hears him who praises Him". Then he stayed standing, recited a long recitation again, but shorter than the former, bowed a long bowing, but shorter than the first, performed a long Prostration and then performed the second Rak'ah in the same way as he had done the first.
By the time he had finished his prayer with Tasleem, the solar eclipse had cleared. Then he addressed the people referring to the solar and lunar eclipses saying, "These are two signs amongst the Signs of Allah, and they do not eclipse because of anyone's death or life. So, if you see them, hasten for the Prayer. And a Sign for them is that We bore their offspring in the laden-ship of Noah. And We have created for them of the like thereunto, so on them they mount.
We said: Allah has inspired man to build ships and other marine vessels afterwards which are invaluable. Without them it would have been impossible for man to reach other continents, let alone transport goods across the oceans. Then like the sample of the boat, other boats and ships were made upon which you ride and travel. Or it means that other means of transport like the boat of Noah were created e.
And He creates such things about which you have no knowledge. And if We will, We shall drown them, and there will be no shout to hear their cry for help - helper for them, nor will they be saved.
Were it not that Allah gives man the intelligence and ingenuity to construct and manage sea-craft and air-craft, the natural laws of gravity would lead to the destruction of anyone who attempted to pass through sea or air.
It is the Mercy and Grace of Allah that saves him. Allah here adds that only He can protect people when they travel. Unless it be a Mercy from Us, and as an enjoyment for a while.
Allah may rescue them if the time for their death has not yet arrived. They will then live on until their time elapses. Just imagine how this man, a small creature of bones, crosses the dreadful seas and vast oceans by means of boats and ships, where tremendous ships are nothing but like small straws. If Allah wills to drown them in high sea then who can save them and who is there to listen to their cry? But it is His Mercy and Kindness that He does not drown all the sea carriages, because His Mercy and Wisdom demands that for a fixed time the business of this world should carry on.
Many men do not understand these signs, nor do they appreciate His favours. And when it is said to them: Man should consider and beware of the consequences of his past, and guard against the consequences in his future.
The present is only a fleeting moment poised between the past and the future, and is gone even while it is being mentioned or thought about. Man should review his whole life and prepare for the Hereafter. If he does so, Allah is Merciful.
He will forgive, and give strength for a better and higher life in the future. But this kind of teaching does not suit those steeped in this material worldly life. They are bored, and turn away from it, to their own loss.
And never came an Ayah proof, evidence, sign, revelation from among the Ayaat proofs, evidences, signs, revelations of their Lord to them, but they turned away from it. Consequently when it is said to them to save themselves from the punishment of the Hereafter and from the misfortune of their misdeeds, they give no ear to the advice, always turning away from the commandment of Allah.
To selfish men, the good men may make an appeal, and say: Allah has given you wealth, or influence, or knowledge, or talent. Why not spend some of it in charity, i. They are too full of themselves to have a corner in their hearts for others.
The feeding of the poor and needy is an act of virtue and reward to them also, but when this fact is said to them by the Prophets and believers, they deny it with rudeness and mockery, saying that when Allah has not fed them why should they feed them and that they did not want to do anything against the Will of Allah. Just imagine, isn't it the limit of folly and impudence? Is it the only form of giving provision to anyone that Allah should put the provision directly on his hand.
If providing for the poor through other means is also by His Will, how have you decided that Allah does not desire to feed them? It is but a test from Him that He has appointed the rich to help the poor and through them He has managed to provide them the provision.
One who fails in this test he should lament at his misfortune and wretchedness. This clause may be the supplement of the word of the Disbelievers i. It is your manifest error. This verse proves that even the Kuffaar accepted the fact that Allah is their Sustainer. Some of the Capitalists also give the same reason when it is said to them that they should ameliorate the condition of the workers by giving them the financial facilities and economic privileges.
They say: This absurd assertion of the Capitalists has created a great hatred among the labouring class, with the result that they begin to admire the philosophy of Communism, and thus abandon the philosophy of Religion itself. This approach of the capitalist is against the spirit of Islam.
Islam never wants that a sect of the poor people should be left in the state of destitution and subjected to sub-human existence. When Islam encourages feed the poor and needy, how can it forbid giving full recompense and legitimate wages to the labouring class?
People of capitalist mentality have changed the fundamental principles and the real spirit of Islam for their own vested interests. And they say: Resurrection be fulfilled, if you are truthful? Of course, this request could prove nothing. If you are true fulfil them soon. They await only but a single Shout, which will seize them while they are disputing. This means they are only waiting for a single Shout Sayhah of an angel. So he will sound a long note Sayhah and there will be no one left on the face of the earth except that they will tilt their heads towards the sky to listen to the sound coming from there.
Their rejection of Qiyaamah will not affect the advent of Qiyaamah itself. Qiyaamah will certainly take place even though they may argue about it. Then they will not be able to make bequest, nor will they return to their family. This means that Qiyaamah shall seize them all of a sudden while they will be engrossed in their affairs. When the first Scream Saihah is made, all their senses will go away and will finally succumb to the horrible sound of the Scream.
They will not find time to leave any legacy or make any testament, or those who were away from the houses would not be able to return to their household. In short, the Qiyaamah shall come and seize the world all of a sudden. And the Trumpet will be blown i. From the graves, they will come out quickly to their Lord. The Trumpet As-Soor will then be blown the second time, and all of them shall stand up from their graves, revived, and the angels shall hastily drive them to the Plain of Resurrection.
Regarding the blowing of the Trumpet, on the Day of Resurrection, Mujahid said: Saihah a Cry. Two men, a Muslim and a Jew abused each other. The Muslim said: The Muslim became furious at that and slapped the Jew in the face. Allah's Messenger Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said, "Don't give me superiority over Moses, for the people will fall unconscious on the Day of Resurrection and I will be the first to gain consciousness; and behold! Moses will be there holding the side of Allah's Throne.
I will not know whether Moses has been among those people who have become unconscious and then has regained consciousness before me, or has been among those exempted by Allah from falling unconscious. I will not know whether he has been amongst those who have fallen unconscious. The Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said regarding the Verse , "A Day when all mankind will stand before the Lord of Alameen Mankind, Jinn's and all that exists ,' that Day they will stand, drowned in their sweat up to the middle of their ears.
Who has raised us up from our place of sleep". It will be said to them: They will gradually regain their memory and their personality. They will be reminded that Allah in His Grace and Mercy had already announced the Hereafter in their probationary lives, and the word of Allah's messengers, which then seemed so strange and remote, was true and was now being fulfilled. Perhaps during the period between the first Trumpet and the second Trumpet, a deep slumber shall be set upon them, or may be that seeing the horrible scene of the Qiyaamah they would consider the chastisement of the grave lighter than that, and will associate it to peaceful slumber.
Or 'Marqad' means the resting-place wherein slumber is realized. This answer shall be given by Allah at that time, or this answer is given here dubbing the future as present, i. This is the same rising up from their graves that were promised by the All- Merciful Allah, and the Prophets had been giving news thereof. The first way will be of those who will wish or have a hope for Paradise and will have a fear of punishment , - These will go to the scene of the gathering by comfortable means of conveyance 1 and will be provided with provisions and other facilities.
The second batch will be those who will gather riding two on a camel or three on a camel or ten on a camel. The third batch the rest of the people will be urged to gather by the Fire - Either real fire or the fire of afflictions and riots that will force them to go to the place of the gathering on foot, which will accompany them at the time of their afternoon nap and stay with them where they will spend the night, and will be with them in the morning wherever they may be then, and will be with them in the afternoon wherever they may be then.
A man said, "0 Allah's Prophet! Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam Will a Kaafir disbeliever be gathered driven prone on his face? The Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam stood up among us and addressed us saying: Surah Al-Ambiyaa: Then will be brought some men of my followers who will be taken towards the left i. My companions: If Thou dost punish them, they are Thy servant: If Thou dost forgive them, Thou art the Exalted in power, the Wise.
The narrator added: Al-Bukhari, Kitab-ul-Riqaaq, Hadith Allah's Messenger Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said: Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam Will the men and the women look at each other?
While we were in the company of the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam in a tent, he said: Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam If ninety-nine out of every one hundred of us are taken away, what will remain out of us? It will be but a single Shout, so behold! They will all be brought up before Us. Time and Space, as we know them here, will be non-existent. The whole gathering will happen so suddenly as in the twinkling of an eye.
No soul will be able to run away, or hide himself from Allah. Similar Ayaat of the Noble Quran also brings out this meaning: Surah As-Saaffaat: This Day, Resurrection , no one will be wronged in anything, nor will you be requited anything except that which you used to do. There will be full justice, and the evil and good which they did, shall come only in the shape of chastisement and reward. The Judgment will be based on the highest standard of Justice and Grace.
Retaliation on the Day of Resurrection which is called Al-Haaqqah Sure Reality as there will be in it the giving of reward and everything true.
Al-Haqqah and Al-Haaqqah have the same meaning. The losses caused by Paradise to the people of the Fire. He should secure pardon in this life before some of his good deeds are taken and paid to his brother, or, if he has done no good deeds, some of the bad deeds of his brother are taken and loaded on him in the Hereafter.
After they are cleansed and purified through the retaliation , they will be admitted into Paradise; and by Him in Whose Hand is Muhammad's soul, everyone of them will know his dwelling in Paradise better than he knew his dwelling in this world. Surah Al-Inshiqaaq: Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam Hasn't Allah said: He will look and see nothing ahead of him, and then he will look again for the Second time in front of him, and the Hell Fire will confront him. So, whoever among you can save himself from the Fire, should do so even with one half of a date to give in charity.
He then said for the third time till we thought he was actually looking at it. He then said: Protect yourselves from the Fire, even if with one half of a date, and he who hasn't got even this, should do so by saying a good pleasant word. Verily, the dwellers of Jannah, that Day, will be busy in joyful things. In this verse, we learn about the nature of joy in Paradise.
It will be a Garden i. The joy in the Garden will be an active joy, without fatigue: They and their wives will be in pleasant shade, reclining on thrones. This verse tells us that the joy or happiness is figured to be, not solitary, but shared with their wives.
Allah says with regard to the thrones: They will have therein fruits of all kinds and all that they ask for. The bounties of Jannah will therefore not be confined to what is mentioned in the Qur'an and Ahaadith. A person will receive whatever else his heart desires, as Allah says: Trays of gold and cups will be passed round them, there will be therein all that the one's inner-selves could desire, all that the eyes could delight in, and you will abide therein forever.
Surah Al-Zukhruf: Verse 70 There will be all sorts of luxury and happiness in Paradise. Being relieved from all their worldly distastes, this will now be their only business. They and their spouses mixing together shall be resting on the couches beds in the pleasant shades of high degrees. All sorts of fruits shall be present for them.
In short, that very thing shall be supplied to the people of Paradise which their hearts demand and desire. This is a narration of the physical tastes or material bounties which will be given in Paradise. As for the Spiritual bounties a small touch is given thereto in the next verse. Here, we reach the highest grade of bliss, the salutation "Peace! That Word sums up the attainment of the final Goal.
For it explains the nature of the Most High. Can one imagine the honour and taste of that time? And what is better than that? It will be said: Get you apart this Day from the believers, to be punished. After describing the condition of the people of Jannah, Allah talks about those condemned to Jahannam. Imam Abu Haneefah Rahmatullahi Alayhi once spent the entire night repeating this verse in his Nafl salaah. He was concerned because this announcement will be most crucial and will determine finally which of the groups of people will be for Jannah and which one for Jahannam.
This verse refers to the negative state of the sinners, their state of isolation. From this Day of Judgment, they will no longer have the chance of being with the Blessed, and perhaps of profiting spiritually from their proximity.
The first feature of the Day of Judgment is that it is a Day of Separation - of sorting out. Each soul now finds its own true level, as the period of probation is over.
In the comforts and luxuries of the people of Paradise you have got no share. Your place is elsewhere and you shall live there. Tafseer ibn Kathir gives the following explanation: Allah tells us what the end of the disbelievers will be on the Day of Resurrection, when He commands them to get apart from the believers, i.
This is similar to the other Ayaat: You and your partners. And their partners shall say: Verily, he is a plain enemy to you. This is a rebuke from Allah to the disbelievers among the sons of Adam, those who obey the Shaytan even though he was a plain enemy to them, and they disobeyed Ar-Rahman Who created them and granted them provision.
Only for this day you had been warned through the Prophets over and over again not to follow the cursed Satan, your manifest enemy; he will not leave you until he brings you to Hell. The word 'Shaitaan' is derived from the verb shatana, signifying 'he was or became remote from the Truth ' - refer to Lisaan al-Arab and Taaj al-Aroos.
Hence, the Qur'an decribes every impulse that inherently offends against Truth, Reason and Morality as 'Satanic', and every conscious act of submission to such satanic influences is a 'worship of Satan'. They are addressed as "children of Adam", to emphasise two facts: It was mentioned before the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam that there was a man who slept the night till morning after sunrise. Abu Hurairah said: Someone came to me and started scooping some of the foodstuff of Zakaat with both hands.
I caught him and told him that I would take him to Allah's Messenger. Whenever you go to your bed, recite the Verse of "Al-Kursi" 2: While Allah's Messenger Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam was in l'tikaaf, I called on him at night and having had a talk with him, I got up to depart. He got up also to accompany me to my dwelling place, which was then in the house of Usama bin Zaid. Two Ansari men passed by and when they saw the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam they hastened away.
It is Safiyya, the daughter of Huyay i. Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam How dare we suspect you? While I was sitting in the company of the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam , two men abused each other and the face of one of them became red with anger, and his jugular veins swelled i. On that the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said: If he said: The angry man said: The Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said, "When the call of prayer is pronounced, Satan takes to his heels, passing wind with noise.
When the call for the prayer is finished, he comes back. And when the Iqaamah is pronounced he again takes to his heels, and after its completion, he returns again to interfere between the praying person and his heart, saying to him, 'Remember this or that thing,' till the person forgets whether he has offered three or four raka'aat. So if one forgets whether he has prayed three or four raka'aat, he should perform two prostrations of Sahw i. For if anyone of you during the act of yawning should say: I asked the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam about one's looking here and there during the prayer.
Once 'Umar asked permission to see Allah's Messenger Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam in whose company there were some Quraishi women who were talking to him and asking him for more financial support raising their voices. When 'Umar asked permission to enter the women got up quickly hurrying to screen themselves.
May Allah keep you happy always. As soon as they heard your voice, they hastened to screen themselves. Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam You have more right to be feared by them. Do you fear me and not Allah's Messenger? The Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said, "If anyone of you wakes up from sleep and performs the ablution, he should wash his nose by putting water in it and then blowing it out thrice, because Satan has stayed in the upper part of his nose all the night.
We should believe that Satan actually stays in the upper part of our noses, though we cannot perceive how, for this is related to the unseen world of which we know nothing except what Allah tells us through His Messenger Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam.
This means that Allah will say: If you want eternal salvation this straight path is laying here, come upon it, and worship only One Allah. Do you know what Allah's Right upon His slaves is? A man said: Nor kill such life as Allah has forbidden except for just cause nor commit illegal sexual intercourse. And whoever does this shall receive a severe punishment.
Surah Al-Furqaan: Allah's Messenger Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam used to say: Did you not then understand? And not only a few, but too many of them. They chose to lead themselves to ruin in spite of the individual care which their Lord and Cherisher bestowed on them. The naked fact is now placed before them i. This verse points to the fact that the sinners' realization of their having gone astray despite repeated warnings by the prophets will, in itself, be a source of intense suffering adhaab in the life to come.
The element of repetition or persistence is implied in the use of the auxiliary verb kuntum both here and in the next verse. You did not gain wisdom despite so much advising and warning. And that Accursed One Satan led astray so many of you. Had you no such understanding as to differentiate between a friend and a foe, and recognize your profit and loss.
In the affairs of the worlds you showed so much skill and intelligence, but in the affairs of the Hereafter you became so ignorant that you failed to understand even bare facts. Now bear the results of your follies. The Hell is prepared that you were promised for your unbelief. This is the resort of Kufr, so you ought to have reached your resort.
This verse points out that since they deliberately and persistently rejected all teaching, guidance, and warnings, they are now told to experience the Punishment of Fire, for it is but the consequence of their own acts.
Then a call maker will call, 'O people of Paradise! The caller will say, 'Do you know this? Then it will be announced again, 'O people of Hell! Then it that ram will be slaughtered and the caller will say, 'O people of Paradise! Eternity for you and no death. O people of Hell! And warn them O Prophet of the Day of grief and regrets, when the case has been decided, while now they are in a state of carelessness, and they believe not. Surah Maryam: That Day We shall set a seal on their mouths, and their hands will speak to Us, and their legs will bear witness to what they used to earn.
He will say: Will You not protect me from injustice? It was for you that I was fighting. He will admit it and will say: They will be unable to speak or offer any defence. But their silence will not matter.
Their own hands and feet will speak against them. The same extended meaning is to be understood for "eyes" in another verse mentioned below, where eyes, ears, and skins are all mentioned as bearing witness against those who misused them. They will be unable to excuse or defend their past actions and attitudes. And every organ shall speak by the power of Allah and bear witness to their crimes.
This is further explained by the following verses of the Glorious Qur'an: And they will say to their skins: Allah also says: Surah An-Noor: There is no discrepancy between these verses and the one under discussion because there will be various stages on the Day of Qiyaamah, each one being different from the other.
Each verse describes a different stage. At times, the tongue will be sealed to allow other limbs to testify. At other times, the tongue will be allowed to admit to the sins it perpetrated. And if it had been Our Will, We would surely have wiped only blinded their eyes, so that they would struggle for the Path, how then would they see?
If Allah had not intended to give man his limited free-will, or power of choice, the case would have been different. There would have been no moral responsibility which could have been enforced.
They could have had no sight or intelligence, and they could not have been blamed for not seeing or understanding. But this is not the case. And if it had been Our Will, We could have transformed them into animals or life-less objects etc.
Then they should have been unable to go forward move about nor could they have returned back. Allah states the fact that He can punish people in this very world as well. This punishment can assume various forms. Allah can remove their eyes from their faces, thereby making their faces smooth without eyes. Allah also has the power to transform them into other creatures, like He transfigured previous nations into inanimate objects.
They will then be deprived of all their senses and will be unable to move about. Just as they have closed their eyes to Our verses, We may if We will, snatch their external eyesight in this very world and make them entirely blind in punishment and they will not see the way to go here and there.
And as they do not want to go on the path of Allah, getting away from the satanic path, We have power to make them quite disabled by distorting their faces but We did not do so; and We did not deprive them of those organs and powers. This was from Us a respite for them. Today, these very organs shall bear witness to those misdeeds to which these sinners had applied them. And from them there will be some who will stay near the side of a mountain and in the evening their shepherd will come to them with their sheep and ask them for something but they will say to him.
And he whom We grant long life, We reverse him in creation weakness after strength. Will they not then understand? As man advances in age, he gradually loses the faculties he possesses. He slowly becomes deaf, weak sighted and weak in physical strength. His skin begins to lose its tautness and hangs loosely. He eventually begins to even lose his faculty of understanding. By this gradual decline, man can understand that Allah is capable of completely disfiguring a person or taking away his eyesight.
To snatch the eyes and to incapacitate by distorting the faces is not something beyond comprehension. Do you not see how a healthy and stout man is made helpless to hear, to see and to walk in old age, as if he is returned to the state of childhood when he was weak and helpless and was dependent on the succour of others? So when Allah can take their powers in old age, can He not snatch them in the young age?
I seek refuge with you from laziness, and I seek refuge with You from cowardice, and I seek refuge with You from geriatric old age, and I seek refuge with You from miserliness. And We have not taught him the Prophet poetry, nor is it a need for him. This is only a Reminder and a plain Qur'an. Even though the Arabs realised that the Qur'an was not poetry, they still claimed that it was poetry to prevent others from accepting Islam.
Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam poetry, nor is it befitting of him. The Qur'an is also not a piece of poetry because it is without any imaginary subjects. Its composition is of the highest eloquence, while the subject matter is certain truth. However, when people want to object, they will not see the truth.
What is described above are hard facts, they are never poetic dictions. To this Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam , We have given the Qur'an and he is endowed with the enlightened teachings.
It is not a compendium of the poetic verses and couplets full of the effort of Imagination and dire conjectures. On the contrary the holy disposition of the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has been put so much distant, by nature, from poetry that not withstanding coming of that high family of the Quraish whose ordinary girls had an aptitude for poetry, the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam never said any poetic verse throughout his life.
It is however, another thing that sometimes, at the occasion of Jihad or Rajaz a rhythmical expression automatically assumed the form of a poetic verse and that too once or twice. So it is not called poetry. Less to speak of his own poetic composition, the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam had never quoted the verse or couplet of any other poet more than two or four times throughout his whole life and while reproducing very often he brought about such a change that it ceased to be a poetic verse or couplet only representing the meaning or purpose of the poet.
In brief, the holy disposition of the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam was not given any congruity with the poetic character. He was the translator of reality, and the purpose of his advent was to introduce the lofty facts, without the least lie and exaggeration, to the world. It is obvious that it can not be the work of a poet, because the beauty and perfection of poetry is not more than lie and exaggeration, imaginative highflying and conjectural origination.
If there is any excellent part in the poetic verse, it is that it can exercise an effect on the hearts, so this thing is found in the prose of the Qur'an: Seeing the rare style of the Qur'an it can be said that extracting to real spirit of poetry it has been infused in the prose. Perhaps this is the reason why the great eloquent and wise, being wonderstruck, began to call it poetry or sorcery, although poetry and sorcery has no comparison with the Qur'an.
Have such mighty and everlasting buildings of nationalism and spiritualism ever been erected on the basis of poetry and sorcery, which you see standing up to this time on the foundation of the Qur'an? This is not the work of the poets but of the prophets that by the Command of Allah, they give everlasting life to the dead hearts.
Allah has not given the Arabs an occasion to say that the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam was a poet from before: Surah Fussilat: This is not poetry, as some of the ignorant disbelievers of the Quraysh claimed; neither is it sorcery, a fabrication or a magic spell, as some misguided and ignorant people had suggested.
The Prophet was naturally disinclined to compose verse, and was forbidden to do so by Divine Law. The Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said, "It is better for a man to fill the inside of his body with pus than to fill it with Poetry'.
Allah's Messenger Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said, "It is better for anyone of you that the inside of his body be filled with pus which may consume his body, than it be filled with poetry. That it the Qur'an may give warning to him who is living i. The man with a living heart should fear Allah hearing the Qur'an. If people reject the Truth after they have been admonished and warned, the charge against them, of wilful rebellion, is proved. They cannot then plead either ignorance or inadvertence.
They had therefore subjected themselves to punishment. Do they not see how We have created for them of what Our Hands have created, the cattle, so that they are their owners.
After the verses of the Revelation, attention is drawn to the Verses of the Universe. On one side listen to the sermon and advice of the Qur'an, and on the other side observe the variety of bounties and rewards that have been conferred upon you. The animals like camel, cow, goat, horse, etc. Although Allah is the True Master of everything, He has made man the interim masters of animals. He cannot do as he pleases. As Allah says in the Qur'an: Surah Ash-Shoora: Surah Al-Ikhlaas: And We have subdued them unto them.
So some of them they use for riding and some they eat. How is it that animals can be domesticated, and in domestication can be so useful to man? Man can use them for riding or for other purposes. He can use their flesh for their food; he can use their hair or wool. Man then realises that if it were not for Allah, he would not have any control of these animals. And they have other benefits from them besides , and they get milk to drink. Will they not then be grateful?
Just imagine, how great and tremendous animals of huge size and power have been subdued and subjected to the tender creature like man. A child of minor age may lead a row of thousand camels wherever he likes by means of the bridle in hand they seldom defy. On what powerful animals he rides; and some he slaughters and makes his diet.
Besides eating their flesh he draws so many benefits from their hide, bone, wool, etc. Their udders are just like fountains of milk. By these fountains so many men are satisfied, but thankful servant are very few. Some of the many benefits of animals are: They are a means of transport; they may be consumed as food; their skins may be used as clothing, bedding and rugs; they are helpful in ploughing fields; they are helpful in irrigating fields; they provide milk.
The reason for this is that various types of milk are derived from various animals. From this milk, man also makes butter, cheese, yoghurt, etc. And they have taken besides Allah gods, hoping that they might be helped by those so-called gods. This verse is alluding, in either case, to objects of worship consciously conceived as such - i.
They have no power to help them, but they will be brought up as a troop against those who worshipped them, at the time of Reckoning. They demonstrated thanks to Allah in this way that they took other rulers and gods, whom they think will help them in critical time, as compeers and equals to Allah who has conferred, upon them these bounties.
So remember that they can not help themselves, let alone helping you. Of course when you will need their help they will assuredly get you arrested. Then you will see that how those for whose support you fought throughout your life, began to show their backs on you today. Man is apt to forget or turn away from the true Allah, the source of all the good which he enjoys, and to go after imaginary powers in the shape of gods, heroes, pious men, saints, or abstract things like Science or Nature or Philosophy, or superstitious things like Magic, or Good-Fortune or Ill-Fortune, or embodiments of his own selfish desires.
He thinks that they might help him in this Life or in the Hereafter if he believes in a Hereafter. But they cannot help him: The Falsehood, therefore, instead of helping them, will contribute to their condemnation. On the Day of Qiyaamah, these false gods will testify against those who worshipped them, becoming their opponents.
We said, "0 Allah's Messenger! So the people of the cross will go with their cross, and the idolaters will go with their idols and the worshippers of every god false deities will go with their god till there remain those who used to worship Allah from the obedient and the disobedient ones, and some of the people of the Scripture.
Then Hell will be presented to them as if it were a mirage. Then it will be said to the Jews, "What did you used to worship". They will reply: What do you want now?
Then it will be said to the Christians: Till there remain only those who used to Worship Allah Alone , from the obedient ones and the sinners, and it will be said to them: And there will remain those who used to prostrate before Him just for showing off and for gaining good reputation. Such a one will try to prostrate but his back bones will become a single vertebra bone like one piece of a wood and he will not be able to prostrate.
Then the bridge will be laid across Hell. We the companions of the Prophet said: Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam What is the bridge? Such a thorny seed is found in Najd and is called As-Sa'daan.
Some of the believers will cross the bridge as quickly as the wink of an eye, some others as quick as lightning, a strong wind, fast horses or she-camels.
So some will be safe without any harm; some will be safe after receiving some scratches, and some will fall down into Hell Fire. The last person will cross as if being dragged over the bridge. They will say, '0 Allah! Save our brothers for they used to pray with us, fast with us and also do good deeds with us.
They will go to them and find some of them in Hell Fire up to their feet, and some up to the middle of their legs. So they will take out those whom they will recognise and then they will return, and Allah will say to them , 'Go and take out of Hell anyone in whose heart you find faith imaan equal to the weight of one half Dinar. Abu Sa'eed said: Allah wrongs not even of the weight of an atom or a small ant but if there is any good done He doubles it, and gives from Him a great reward.
Surah An- Nisaa: They will grow on its banks, as a seed carried by the torrent grows. You have noticed how it grows beside a rock or beside a tree, and how the side facing the sun is usually green while the side facing the shade is white.
Those people will come out of the River of Life like pearls, and they will have golden necklaces, and then they will enter Paradise whereupon the people of Paradise will say: He has admitted them into Paradise, without them having done any good deeds and without sending forth any good for themselves.
So let not their speech then grieve you O Prophet! Verily, We know what they conceal and what they reveal. When this is their attitude towards Us, so you O Prophet! Go on performing your duty and hand over their affairs to Us. We know everything about them, and We will punish them for their false claims and deal with them accordingly on the Day when none of their deeds, great or small, major or minor, will be overlooked, and every deed they did throughout their worldly lives will be laid open for examination.
Does not man see that We have created him from "Nutfah" mixed semen drops. Yet behold! He stands forth as an open opponent. Man does not remember his origin that he was an insignificant drop, Allah made him a thing. He gave this drop that strength and power of speech that be began to dispute and debate on all things, until a time when he stands today against his Creator as an adversary.
When man accepts the fact that Allah has created him from a sperm cell, why should it be difficult for him to accept that Allah can also reconstruct the decayed cells of his body to resurrect him? However, man seems to forget this and opposes the Ambiya Alayhimus Salaam when they remind him of these things. For Allah initiated the creation of man from semen of despised fluid, creating him from something insignificant, weak and despised, as Allah says: Surah Al-Mursalaat: Surah Al-Insaan: Will not the One Who created man from this weak Nutfah be able to re-create him after his death?
Imam Ahmad recorded in his Musnad that Bishr bin Jahhash said: Then the Messenger of Allah said: How can you outrun Me when I have created you from something like this, and when I have fashioned you and formed you, you walk in your cloak on the earth and it groans beneath your tread.
You accumulate and do not spend until the death rattle reaches your throats, then you say: And he put forth for Us a parable, and forgets his own creation.
He says: Are you claiming that Allah will resurrect this? Whether these Ayaat were revealed about Ubayy bin Khalaf or Al-Aas bin Wa'il, or both of them, they apply to all those who deny the resurrection after death.
Such are phrases they apply to Allah. Has man considered Allah a helpless being when he says that when the body is decayed and only bones are left and they too rotten, worn out, broken to pieces, then who shall revive them? He forgot his own creation when resorting to such question, otherwise this sperm-drop would have not dared express such words. He should have been ashamed looking at his own origin - the sperm-drop and using his wisdom he should have got the reply of his question that is described in the next verse.
This verse alludes to the unwillingness of "those who deny the truth" to conceive of a transcendental Being, fundamentally different from all that is graspable by man's senses or imagination, and having powers beyond all comparison with those which are available to any of the created beings. Since they are enmeshed in a materialistic outlook on life, such people deny - as the sequence shows - all possibility of resurrection, which amounts to a denial of Allah's creative powers and, in the final analysis, of His very existence.
O Prophet! And He Allah is the All-Knower of every creation". That Being Who infused life in these bones the first time, can also quicken them the second time. It is not difficult for Him to revive the decayed bones and restore the former structure with a renewed life.