The Developing Person. Through Childhood and Adolescence. KATHLEEN STASSEN BERGER. Bronx Community College. City University of New York. Developing Person Through Childhood and Adolescence by Kathleen Stassen Berger · Developing Person Through Childhood and Adolescence. by Kathleen. Test-Bank-for-Developing-Person-Through-Childhood-and-Adolescenceth- Edition- The difference between one developing person and the norm is _____ .
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Book details Author: Kathleen Stassen Berger Pages: pages Publisher: Worth Publishers Language: English ISBN ISBN Beta-Blockers in Hypertension and Angina Pectoris: Different Compounds, Diffe Research Design: Quantitative. Developing Person Through Childhood and Adolescence Kathleen Stassen Berger. Exceptional in its currency, global in its cultural reach, Kathleen Berger’s portrait of the scientific investigation of childhood and adolescent development helps bring an evolving field into the. [Matching item] The developing person through childhood and adolescence Kathleen Stassen Berger [electronic resource] - 8th ed. [electronic resource] - 6th ed. [Matching item] The developing person through childhood and adolescence Kathleen Stassen Berger, Ross A. Thompson.
A emphasizes the biological factors in development B underestimates the role of cognition in development C considers the biological, psychological, and social influences in development D is unpopular in modern psychology 5. Learn more - opens in new window or tab. A a child being born blind B an egg being fertilized C a fetus developing fingers and toes D a child learning to speak a second language Playing next 3: In longitudinal research, the same people are measured at multiple assessment points over a period of time. The developing person through childhood.
Tanner's friends do well in school, but Tanner has never really done well in school. They decide to meet once a week to study and soon Tanner is doing better in school. Human traits can be molded, and yet people maintain a certain durability.
Page 3 Full file at https: As children age, they tend to sleep fewer hours. The science of human development examines how, but not why, people change over time. A True B False The purpose of the scientific method is to conduct research that will only support researchers' hypotheses.
A research question becomes a hypothesis when it is stated as a prediction that can be tested. The conclusions of a scientific study are based on whether the evidence supports or refutes the hypothesis. If Dr. Hall conducts a study in the exact same way that Dr.
Jeeves did but uses different participants than Dr.
Jeeves, Dr. Hall is demonstrating replication. Nature is more important than nurture in how a trait or behavior is expressed. Since starting school Sam had struggled with math. His teacher offered to help him with math after school. Now Sam does well on his math assignments. The example of Sam's teacher helping Sam with math to improve his math ability is an example of how nature can influence development.
Today, developmental science studies mostly young children and adolescents. Most periods of development are critical periods. Within the context of Bronfenbrenner's ecological-systems approach, a person's immediate surroundings, such as family or peer group, are part of the macrosystems level.
Individuals in the same cohort are exposed to the same values, events, technologies, and culture of the era.
The cohort born between and is called the baby boom generation. The term cohort refers to individuals born in the same geographical region and within the same social class.
Socioeconomic status is also called social class. Low socioeconomic status can shorten a person's life expectancy.
Culture refers to a system of shared beliefs, conventions, norms, behaviors, and expectations. The difference-equals-deficit error may lead people to believe that their nation or culture is better than others. Race and ethnicity are the same thing.
Scientists believe that race is genetic. Miguel worked in the fields and did not learn how to read or write until he entered school at age It will take him longer to learn to read at age 13 than it would have when he was younger.
A positive correlation between how long parents stay when dropping off their children at daycare and how long it takes their children to become engaged in the toys and their friends means that longer parental lingering is associated with longer delay in engagement by the children.
Developmental researchers agree that nature is much more important than nurture in determining psychological outcomes such as intelligence and personality.
According to the dynamic-systems approach, human development is a static process. Friends Jill and Susan both experienced poverty as children.
In addition, they were raised by single parents and went to a poor quality school.
By the time they were in late adolescence Jill had dropped out of school and had two children. Susan, in contrast, was academically ranked number one in her graduating class and had a full academic scholarship to Harvard. This example illustrates the concept of differential susceptibility. The main advantage of scientific observation as a research method is that it allows the scientist to determine cause and effect. In an experiment, the group receiving the special treatment is referred to as the comparison group.
The purpose of a survey is to allow a researcher to collect data quickly from a large population. One problem with the data from surveys is that participants may not tell the truth. Tucker wanted to learn how aggression changed across development. He designed a study in which he assessed aggression among 3-year-olds and then reassessed aggression among these individuals every three years until the participants were year-olds. Tucker's research design was cross-sectional.
In longitudinal research, the same people are measured at multiple assessment points over a period of time. Cross-sequential research is a combination of a cross-sectional approach and a longitudinal approach. When two variables are not connected, the correlation between them is zero. Most research conducted on humans cannot begin without the approval of the Institutional Review Board. A volunteer showed up to participate in Dr.
Allen's research study. Allen failed to inform the volunteer that her participation was voluntary. Allen was being ethical in conducting the study, as sharing with the volunteer that research participation is voluntary is not part of informed consent. What does the science of human development seek to understand? A the meaning of life B theories that have not been subjected to scientific testing C the works of Freud, Piaget, and Erikson D how and why people change over time Furth wonders if a specific brain chemical can be suppressed if a patient is given a large dose of vitamin E.
A first B second C third D fourth Hernandez predicts that a certain drug will help patients with schizophrenia. A a conclusion B empirical evidence C a hypothesis D a result A researcher designed and conducted an experiment to determine whether mg of a certain drug would help patients with bipolar disorder.
A draw conclusions B demonstrate proof C test the hypothesis D confirm the results Henderson is curious to know more about how children develop over time.
To avoid relying on opinion or personal bias, Dr. A use the scientific method to collect data and establish facts B have the children undergo psychoanalysis C talk with many children's parents D read Dr.
Spock's book, Baby and Child Care A posing a question B conducting research C supporting or refuting a hypothesis D developing a hypothesis Page 6 Full file at https: A posing a question B conducting research C developing a hypothesis D sharing the results A posing a question B conducting research C sharing the results D developing a hypothesis A posing a question B conducting research C developing a hypothesis D supporting or refuting a hypothesis A theories and speculation B observation, experience, or experiment C inferences based on personal biases D opinions generated by several groups of people A draws conclusions B runs an experiment C selects a group of participants D develops a hypothesis A test a hypothesis B pose a question C conduct research D report the results What is a researcher's first step when designing a research study on children's language acquisition?
A recruit children and their parents as participants in the study B develop a hypothesis on the way language is acquired in children C pose a research question about language acquisition D draw conclusions on the way children acquire language A experiment B prediction that can be tested C conclusion drawn from research D replication of a scientific study What is replication of a study?
A the repetition of a study using different participants B the repetition of a study using the same participants C designing a new study based on information from a previous study D designing a new study using new ideas and information Kong does a study in which he finds that smoking is correlated with an increased risk of high blood pressure. He publishes his results, and Dr. Meco reads the report about the study. Then Dr. Meco does the same study using different participants in another city.
A scientific controversy B replication C ethics D observation Seldor does a study in which she finds that alcohol consumption is correlated with an increased risk of diabetes. She publishes her results, and Dr. Al-Jaher reads the report about the study.
Al-Jaher does the same study using different participants in another nation. A scientific controversy B replication C empirical evidence D a hypothesis Page 7 Full file at https: A nurture B replication C nature D classical conditioning A proteins B nurture C nature D amino acids A the genes that people inherit B environmental influences C patterns of development D developmental differences A universal traits B biological traits C environmental influences D unique traits A nature and nurture acting separately B primarily nature C nature and nurture acting together D primarily nurture Towne believes that heredity is primarily responsible for personality traits.
West believes that environmental influences are primarily responsible for personality traits. A nature versus nurture B intelligent design versus evolution C genes versus development D traits versus conditioning Susie, who is 5 years old, is the tallest person in her kindergarten class. A heredity B the environment C learning D environment and heredity combined Which is an example of the influence of nature? A having a mother who smoked during pregnancy B having the gene for epilepsy C eating a healthy diet D living in a loud neighborhood Janney recognizes that developmental milestones rely on factors from all three domains of human development.
A biosocial B cognitive C psychosocial D biopsychosocial The human fetus develops fingers and toes between 28 and 54 days after conception but cannot develop fingers and toes before or after that time.
A a sensitive period B a critical period C discontinuity D continuity Which example clearly illustrates a critical period? A a child learning to walk B a child learning a second language before age 4 C a fetus developing fingers and toes between 28 and 54 days in utero D a child learning to ride a bike between 5 and 6 years of age Which example clearly illustrates a sensitive period?
A a child being born blind B an egg being fertilized C a fetus developing fingers and toes D a child learning to speak a second language A sensitive B critical C early D late A woman in Honduras worked in a field treated with pesticides during her pregnancy. When her son was born, she was horrified to find that he had no limbs.
A critical B early C late D sensitive Bobby was not taught to read until he was an adolescent. When he did learn to read it was much harder for him to learn and it took him longer to learn to read than it would have during his early- to middle-childhood years. Which term is associated with Urie Bronfenbrenner's ecological-systems approach? A mastosystems B microsystems C extrasystems D intrasystems What term did Bronfenbrenner use to describe the impact of the specific time in history on a person's development?
A macrosystem B exosystem C microsystem D chronosystem Dorothy was born during the Great Depression. A chronosystem B exosystem C microsystem D macrosystem Dwayne was born to a single mother living in Chicago. Kilbey is studying the impact of exosystems on human development. Which of these would she be most interested in examining? A cultural values and economic processes B family and peer groups C medical centers and religious institutions D the development of the skeletal structure in children In Bronfenbrenner's ecological-systems model, a hospital in the community is an example of which system?
A the ecosystem B the microsystem C the health-care system D the exosystem A microsystem B exosystem C macrosystem D social system A political processes B the peer group C school and church D historical setting A ecosystem B chronosystem C mesosystem D macrosystem Bettie belongs to one cohort; Zahara belongs to another. A membership in community groups B socioeconomic status C age D ethnic or racial group A women who are pilots B men with learning disabilities C citizens of the United States D current middle school students A culture B ethnicity C social class D race A ethnicity B education level C political beliefs D religion A ethnicity B political beliefs C neighborhood D religion A occupation B political beliefs C race D religion A economic potential B socioeconomic status C cohort D microsystem A a cohort B culture C nature D nurture A culture B a cohort C a social construction D socioeconomic status The Johnson family always eats dinner together, because they really value family time.
The Smith family, however, never eats dinner together, because they all value their independence. This has affected how the Johnson and Smith families act. A status B education C social construction D physical characteristics A men perceiving women as intellectually inferior B European immigrants crossing the ocean to settle in America C how people's IQ scores have been steadily rising for more than years D women taking factory jobs during World War II A assuming that children who are hearing impaired cannot communicate as well as children who can hear B failing to compare typical and atypical behavior C ignoring inconsistencies in a child's language development D the identification of flaws within the application of the scientific method Page 11 Full file at https: Which developmentalist was the first to emphasize the role of context on development?
A race B ethnic group C socioeconomic group D exosystem A part of the microsystem B a social construction C defined by heritage D multidirectional A skin color B diversity C genetic analysis D culture A biological difference B culture C social construction D ethnicity Jack observed his co-worker, Jane, crying when she was called into the boss's office.
Jack thinks that crying at work is a sign of weakness that makes women unfit for employment in his industry. A critical thinking B a social construction C work culture orientation D the difference-equals-deficit error A plastic B epigenetic C static D diverse Jamal, Wei, Liam, and Vladimir were all born and raised in England. Which statement is true?
A They share the same ethnicity. B They come from different ethnic groups. C They share the same culture. D They come from different cultures.
Even though Aaron eats well and exercises regularly, by age 70 he developed Type II diabetes. Clement, on the other hand, eats fast food regularly and rarely exercises.
At 70 years of age, his blood sugar levels remain in the normal range. What might account for the differences in their outcomes? A differential susceptibility B cultural differences C sex differences D cohort differences A fact that many academic fields contribute data to the science of development B universals and specifics of human development in many cultural settings C vast array of contexts in which development occurs D potential for human traits to be molded during development but also to remain durable Page 12 Full file at https: What is plasticity?
A a time in development when it is optimum to develop certain traits or abilities B the amount of flexibility a human possesses at birth C the idea that human traits may change or stay the same over time D the idea that human traits are mostly inborn A dynamic-systems approach B theory of evolution C concept of universality D domino effect Which of these is an example of plasticity?
A a man who consistently drives his car too fast B a teenager who spends a summer in Chile and learns to speak Spanish C a woman who leaves her job to stay home with her newborn D a person who is in a coma A make them more vulnerable to particular experiences B contribute similarly to a specific developmental outcome C do not impact development within the context of particular experiences D have an unknown impact on individuals A the case-study method B a controlled experiment C cross-sectional research D scientific observation A study of individuals' behaviors in a systematic and objective manner B determination of cause-and-effect relationships C precise control of the environment so that a cause-and-effect relationship can be assessed D systematic manipulation of variables Which statement about scientific observation is true?
C It involves recording behavior systematically and objectively. A study the natural environment B study the complexity of an individual C use the scientific method in a cost-effective way D determine a cause-and-effect relationship A case study B scientific observation C experiment D survey What is a dependent variable?
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