Top 50 Selenium Testing Interview Questions And Answers Pdf,, You can crack the interview to achieve your soundofheaven.info Provide Tutorial Videos Scenario. If you're looking for Selenium Interview Questions and Answers for Experienced & Freshers, you are at right place. There are lot of opportunities from many. In this post, we see both basic and advanced Selenium Interview Questions. Our main focus is on Selenium WebDriver Interview Questions and.
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In this article, you can find Selenium Interview Questions which is useful for 93) To generate pdf reports mention what Java API is required?. Most asked Selenium Interview Questions PDF. Selenium WebDriver Interview Questions & Answers PDF with manual testing interview questions. Selenium WebDriver Interview Questions & Answers. Q 1: What is . Ans: I will explain the procedure to verify PDF file content using java WebDriver. As some.
At the time of execution, it is also possible that, before current execution completes, someone else starts execution of another script, in the same machine and in the same type of browser. Karuna says: Following are frequently asked questions in interviews for freshers as well experienced Selenium Tester. How to prepare for the interview and types of questions that can be expected. Check the below posts..
Selenium 1 is still actively supported in maintenance mode. It supports almost every browser out there. Selenium WebDriver AKA Selenium 2 is a browser automation framework that accepts commands and sends them to a browser.
It is implemented through a browser-specific driver. Learn Selenium WebDriver Architecture. That is, running multiple tests at the same time against different machines running different browsers and operating systems.
In simple words, it is used to distribute your test execution on multiple platforms and environments concurrently. Selenium Grid can be used to execute same or different test scripts on multiple platforms and browsers concurrently so as to achieve distributed test execution.
It allows running test cases in parallel thereby saving test execution time. It allows multi-browser testing It allows us to execute test cases on multi-platform. TestNG Complete Tutorial. Click here to see the detailed post on Locators. XPath is used to locate the elements. Using XPath, we could navigate through elements and attributes in an XML document to locate web elements such as textbox, button, checkbox, Image etc.
It starts with top HTML node and ends with input node. Assert Vs. Verify — with Practical Examples. Soft Assert: Hard Assert: It totally depends on our coding style. WebDriver is an Interface.
If you use geckodriver with Selenium, you must upgrade to Selenium 3. Here we have to set the property as follows. To launch Internet Explorer Driver: If we create a reference variable driver of type WebDriver then we could use the same driver variable to work with any browser of our choice such as IEDriver, SafariDriver etc.
This exception will be thrown when you are trying to locate a particular element on webpage that is not currently visible eventhough it is present in the DOM. Also sometimes, if you are trying to locate an element with the xpath which associates with two or more element.
A stale element reference exception is thrown in one of two cases, the first being more common than the second. When this happens the reference of the element in the DOM becomes stale. Hence we are not able to get the reference to the element. Implicit waits tell to the WebDriver to wait for a certain amount of time before it throws an exception.
The default setting is 0 zero. We need to set some wait time to make WebDriver to wait for the required time. Practical example. This wait is only applied to the specified element. This wait can also throw an exception when an element is not found. How to clear the text in the text box using Selenium WebDriver? By using java. To pause 5 seconds, we need to pass parameter as 5 seconds.
What happens if I run this command. Alternative method to driver. To open an URL and it will wait till the whole page gets loaded driver. It has methods to move back, forward as well as to refresh a page.
This method maximizes the current window if it is not already maximized. What is the difference between driver. Purpose of these two methods driver. Both allow us to close a browser but still, there is a difference.
To close current WebDriver instance driver. To close all the opened WebDriver instances. WebDriver facilitates the user with the following methods to check the visibility of the web elements. These web elements can be buttons, drop boxes, checkboxes, radio buttons, labels etc. Practical Example: Test cases may fail while executing the test scripts. While we are executing the test cases manually we just take a screenshot and place in a result repository.
The same can be done by using Selenium WebDriver. Application issues ii.
Assertion Failure iii. Difficulty to find Webelements on the web page iv. Timeout to find Webelements on the web page. Selenium provides an interface called TakesScreenshot which has a method getScreenShotAs which can be used to take a screenshot of the application under test.
In Selenium 3, we may face few issues while capturing Screenshots. To overcome we use aShot utility. Click on below links to see posts related to the normal way of capturing a screenshot and capturing a screenshot using aShot utility. Capture screenshot using Selenium WebDriver. Full Page Screenshot using aShot utility.
Failed Test Cases Screenshot.
To get innertext of the entire webpage in Selenium 7. To get the Title of our webpage 8. To get the domain 9. Because of its being in the open source community, it has become among the very most accepted tools amongst the screening specialists. Every one of these programs is designed to cater different testing and evaluation environment conditions. The suite package makes up of the following sets of resources: It is distributed as a Firefox Plugin.
In addition, it enables executing test scripts inside the big spectrum of browsers. WebDriver immediately communicates with all the browser and uses its native compatibility to automate. Selenium Grid Selenium Grid is utilized to distribute your test execution on several platforms and environments concurrently.
What programing language is most useful for creating Selenium Evaluations? There are definite advantages for using exactly the same language for creating test instances as program under evaluation. As an example, in the event the team already possess the experience with Java, QA Tester could consistently get the bit of guidance while mastering Selenium test instances in Java.
Occasionally it is best to select more straightforward programming language that can ultimately provide better success. In this situation QA examiners can embrace simpler programming languages, for instance Ruby, considerably quicker comparing with Java, and will become become specialists when you possibly can. What are the limitations of using Selenium as a test tool? The limitations of using Selenium as a test tool are: It does not allow the testing of Windows applications.
It does not allow the testing of mobile applications. There is difficulty in the loading of pages. It has limited reporting options. There can also be trouble in handling different dynamic elements. Where to obtain Selenium?
Selenium Can be Downloaded and Installed for free-form Seleniumhq. What programming languages are you able to use in Selenium RC? Selenese is the language that will be used to write test scripts in Selenium IDE.
Describe a framework. List some of the common automation frameworks.
Some of the common automation frameworks available to users are: Describe the purpose of XPath. Feature of a Selenium Tool It is an open source It supports a plethora of programming languages It supports different operating systems It supports a variety of browsers It can be used and tested across a variety of devices Has a very user — friendly interface Undergoes constant updation Has a variety of add-ons and different reusability options Pros of the Selenium Tool It is very easy to setup and use.
It can be integrated with different other tools such as TestNG and JUnit for managing different test cases.
Salesforce Certification Training Online. Can we use Selenium RC for tests driving on two different browsers on one operating system without Selenium Grid? We can do it if JAVA testing framework is not used. It could be used as an option to Java bean and Eclipse. See detailed tutorial here.
Answe r: There are four methods of the effective Web-based pop-up handling: Clicking on this button, you will see on screen if your element locator is right or wrong. The default value will be zero for priority. The example below shows the usage of the priority for test cases. You can use Actions class act. AJAX allows the Web page to retrieve small amounts of data from the server without reloading the entire page. The different wait methods should be applied for testing Ajax application: Here we can create a test suite, create test groups, mark tests for parallel execution, add listeners and pass parameters to test scripts.
It can be used for the further test suite triggering. Selenium Online Training. There are 5 different exceptions Selenium WebDriver: The list of commands to refresh a page in Selenium: File uploading action could be performed by using element. DataProvider is concerned to individual test methods and run the specific methods for many times.
Factory method creates test class instances and runs all the test methods in that class with different data. Here are some points that favor Python over Java to use with Selenium: Python is simpler and more compact compared to Java Java uses traditional braces to start and ends blocks, while Python uses indentation Java employs static typing, while Python is dynamically typed Java programs tend to run slower compared to Python programs. Object repository is an essential entity in any UI automation which allows a tester to store all object that will be used in the scripts in one or more centralized locations rather than scattered all over the test scripts.
Selenium is a free and open source. How can we find the value of different attributes like name, class, value of an element? An implicit wait is a type of wait which waits for a specified time while locating an element before throwing NoSuchElementException. As by default selenium tries to find elements immediately when required without any wait. So, it is good to use implicit wait. This wait is applied to all the elements of the current driver instance.
An explicit wait is a type of wait which is applied to a particular web element untill the expected condition specified is met. A fluent wait is a type of wait in which we can also specify polling interval intervals after which driver will try to find the element along with the maximum timeout value. Desired capabilities are a set of key-value pairs that are used for storing or configuring browser specific properties like its version, platform etc in the browser instances.
Some of the commonly seen exception in selenium are- NoSuchElementException — When no element could be located from the locator provided. ElementNotVisibleException — When element is present in the dom but is not visible.
NoAlertPresentException — When we try to switch to an alert but the targetted alert is not present. NoSuchFrameException — When we try to switch to a frame but the targetted frame is not present. NoSuchWindowException — When we try to switch to a window but the targetted window is not present. UnexpectedAlertPresentException — When an unexpected alert blocks normal interaction of the driver.
TimeoutException — When a command execution gets timeout. InvalidElementStateException — When the state of an element is not appropriate for the desired action.
Using linkText and partialLinkText we can locate a link.