through in my personal life and can be he best pdf for possibly. (Korbin Hammes) In The Self Illusion, Bruce Hood reveals how the self emerges during. This intuitive sense of self is an effortless and fundamental human .. we are," says developmental psychologist Bruce Hood at the University of. Laddas ned direkt. Köp Self Illusion av Bruce Hood på soundofheaven.info PDF-böcker lämpar sig inte för läsning på små skärmar, t ex mobiler. Nedladdning: Kan.
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To cite this article: Jason A. Kaufman Ph.D. () The Self Illusion: How the Creates Identity by Bruce Hood, American Journal of Clinical. The Self Illusion: How the Social Brain Creates Identity and millions of other books are available for instant access. Start reading The Self Illusion: How the Social Brain Creates Identity on your Kindle in under a minute. Bruce Hood's the Self Illusion: How the Social Brain. The "self" is an illusion arising from our interactions with the environment. It happens partially due to the fact that our brains react to the.
Now that is a very unsatisfactory answer for most people because it simply does not accord with mental experience. We tend to remember highly emotional memories better — they are almost like a form of post traumatic stress disorder. That year I got married with a "Dr. Those who embrace the self illusion feel fulfilled and purposeful. The latter undermine motivation. Not only is the self constructed rather than being something intrinsic or inherent, but the form it takes in the moment is largely determined by the behavior and attitudes of those around us. Let's break it down.
In contrast, we know that if you alter the physical state of the brain through a head injury, dementia or drugs, each of these changes our self. Whether it is through damage, disease or debauchery, we know that the self must be the output of the material brain. If the self is an illusion, then why does it exist? Why do we bother telling a story about ourselves? For the same reason that our brains create a highly abstracted version of the world around us.
It is bad enough that our brain is metabolically hogging most of our energy requirements, but it does this to reduce the workload to act. So the brain generates maps and models on which to base current and future behaviors. Now the value of a map or a model is the extent to which it provides the most relevant useful information without overburdening you with too much detail. The same can be said for the self. The self is an efficient way of having experience and interacting with the world.
For example, imagine you ask me whether I would prefer vanilla or chocolate ice cream? I know I would like chocolate ice cream. When I answer with chocolate, I have the seemingly obvious experience that my self made the decision. However, when you think about it, my decision covers a vast multitude of hidden processes, past experiences and cultural influences that would take too long to consider individually.
Each one of them fed into that decision. Let's say the self is just a narrative. Who, then, is the narrator? Which part of me is writing the story that becomes me?
This is the most interesting question and also the most difficult to answer because we are entering into the realms of consciousness. Who was doing the gathering and who was focusing? This was a compelling experience of the conscious self.
I would argue that while I had the very strong impression that I was gathering my thoughts together, you do have to question how did the thought to start this investigation begin? Certainly, most of us never bother to think about this, so I must have had an unconscious agenda that this would be an interesting exercise. Maybe it was your question that I read a few days ago or maybe this is a problem that has been ticking over in my brain for some time.
It seemed like a story that I was playing out in my head to try and answer a question about how I was thinking. But unless you believe in a ghost in the machine, it is impossible to interrogate your own mind independently.
In other words, the narrator and the audience are one and the same. As the philosopher Gilbert Ryle pointed out, when it comes to the mind you cannot be both the hunter and the hunted.
I think that he is saying that the brain creates both the mind and the experience of mind. So you can become aware of a thought, but you are not independent to that thought. Now that is a very unsatisfactory answer for most people because it simply does not accord with mental experience.
We entertain thoughts. We consider options. We gather our thoughts together. We play out scenarios in our mind.
However, unquestionable as that mental experience might seem to all of us, there can be no one inside our head considering the options. Otherwise, you would then have the problem of an infinite regress — who is inside their head, and so on, and so on. I get the sense that not all of your colleagues agree with your deconstruction of the self.
Some argue, in fact, that the self is a bit like a wristwatch.
Just because a watch is a bundle of different parts doesn't mean it is an illusion. How do you respond to these critiques? For me, an illusion is not what it seems and for most of us, we consider our self as some essential core of who we are.
Most of us feel our self is at the center of our existence responding to everything around us - that notion of an integrated entity is what I am challenging, not the experience of self. Must of us, including myself have that experience but that does not make it real.
For example, most us think that we see the world continuously throughout the waking day when in fact we only see a fraction of the world in front of us, and because the brain blanks out our visual experience every time we move our eyes in a process called saccadic suppression, we are effectively blind for at least 2 hrs of the day. This is why you cannot see your own eyes moving when you look in a mirror! As for the comparison with a wristwatch CLearly, it is composed of many parts and the sum of the parts is the wristwatch.
However, a wristwatch is only a wristwatch by convention. An alien or a Neanderthal would just consider it to be some form of complex composite object. You could even use the wristwatch as a weapon to kill small animals. It's a bizarre use of this object I grant you, but there is nothing inherent or essential to the watch that defines what it is.
And even then, a microbe living on the watch face may not consider it an object. So a wristwatch is a wristwatch because of a recognized function and to some extent, a convention — both of which do not confer an independent reality to the mind that is considering it. It depends on how you look at it. In the book, I argue that because we have evolved as social animals, those around us construct a large part of our mental life that we experience as our self.
We can see the influence of others but often fail to recognize how we too are shaped. I am not denying the role of genes and temperaments that we inherit from our biology. Domesticated Brain Bruce Hood E-bok. Ladda ned. Spara som favorit. Laddas ned direkt. Most of us believe that we are unique and coherent individuals, but are we? Those who embrace the self as an individual in the West, or a member of the group in the East, feel fulfilled and purposeful.
This experience seems incredibly real but a wealth of recent scientific evidence reveals that this notion of the independent, coherent self is an illusion - it is not what it seems.
Reality as we perceive it is not something that objectively exists, but something that our brains construct from moment to moment, interpreting, summarizing, and substituting information along the way.
Like a science fiction movie, we are living in a matrix that is our mind. In The Self Illusion, Dr. Bruce Hood reveals how the self emerges during childhood and how the architecture of the developing brain enables us to become social animals dependent on each other. He explains that self is the product of our relationships and interactions with others, and it exists only in our brains.