The Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire. (16PF) is a comprehensive measure of normal- range personality found to be effective in a variety of settings . The multi-purposed instrument, 16PF or 16 Personality Factors, is used as a career evaluation tool, for The 16PF Fifth Edition is the current version of the test. The Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) is a self-report personality test developed Create a book · Download as PDF · Printable version.
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QUESTIONNAIRE OF 16 P. F. Test By Raymond B. Cattel. Please fill up the following .. SCORES OF PERSONALITY TRAITS OF BOYS. No. FACTORS. A. B . C. items per factor or three-quarters of an hour of test time per form, i.e., an hour . shown to have appreciable relevance to the 16 PF personality space, along. PDF | The introduction of the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) in marked the beginning of the modern era of personality.
This test can easily be accommodated for persons with sensory impairments. Does increase in factors increase predictability of real-life criteria? It may also be useful for individuals who have a history of jobhopping. This individual would be talkative, bold, and impulsive but not very sensitive to others people's needs or feelings. This inventory is appropriate for most of the groups served in rehabilitation settings with the notable exception of persons with mental retardation. When Cattell moved from the physical sciences into the field of psychology in the s, he described his disappointment about finding that it consisted largely of a wide array of abstract, unrelated theories and concepts that had little or no scientific bases. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 1 2 ,
Its reliability coefficients range from. The test can be read to poor readers or persons with sensory impairments but is most appropriate with career-minded individuals looking toward college training or individuals trying to make "tough" educational choices. It is untimed and takes an average of ten minutes. Abstinence or occasional drinker. Box Alabama to determine the need and urgency for a formal treatment program for the chemically addicted.
This is added to the total of yes answers.. The "maybe" answers are totaled then halved. The questionnaire should be administered to those clients with suspected chemical dependency. It consists of 40 questions to be answered yes. If a client is unable to read questions.
This screening questionnaire is primarily used by the Chemical Addictions Program. Can be administered to a group or individually.
All questions must be answered. This is the raw score to be used with the following scale: Items are grouped into categories such as Health. Can be used with groups or individually. Designed to be self-administered. The checklist may be used with students as a screening device to identify those who may need counseling.
Regardless of a person's writing skills. Manual states that the language is simple and readily understood by individuals of varying educational backgrounds.
The Mooney Problem Checklists were developed to help individuals express their personal problems. Areas with a high number of items marked should be examined. Four different checklists are available: This is not a test and does not yield scores such as percents or percentiles. Particularly with high school students.
Individuals underline all items of concern.
The summary questions on the last page can be thought of as optional. The checklist is constructed so that the problems are grouped horizontally across the three inside pages to help prevent the tendency of some to skip entire sections. Items which have been circled are counted. Occupational Sex. No time limit. It may be used with adults as a counseling tool. Numerous studies have been conducted on the MBTI. The interpretation of the Myers-Briggs depends largely on the expertise and familiarity of the evaluator.
This test can easily be accommodated for persons with sensory impairments. There are a number of different reports which can be obtained from the Myers-Briggs.
The test has several versions. When used properly. The test. This inventory is appropriate for most of the groups served in rehabilitation settings with the notable exception of persons with mental retardation.
The reading level is approximately the 5th grade. Although the inventory has been used in other settings i. The test can be group.
Split-half reliability studies indicate a range of. Its' initial norm groups were high school and college students with the current validity studies conducted on various employed occupational groups.
It provides information relative to Jung's four bipolar aspects of personalities: The test has heavy vocational significance. It can also be machine scored. Allport and Odbert utilized this hypothesis to identify personality traits by working through two of the most comprehensive dictionaries of the English language available at the time, and extracting 18, personality-describing words.
From this gigantic list they extracted personality-describing adjectives which they considered to describe observable and relatively permanent traits. Cattell and his colleagues began a comprehensive program of international research aimed at identifying and mapping out the basic underlying dimensions of personality.
Their goal was to systematically measure the widest possible range of personality concepts, in a belief that "all aspects of human personality which are or have been of importance, interest, or utility have already become recorded in the substance of language" Cattell, R. They studied personality data from different sources e. Cattell, , The 16 Personality Factors were identified in by Raymond Cattell. He believed that in order to adequately map out personality, one had to utilize L-Data life records or observation , Q data information from questionnaires , and T-data information from objective tests.
Cattell used the emerging technology of computers to analyze the list of adjectives through the statistical technique of factor analysis, which seeks to identify constructs that underlie observed variables. He organized the list of adjectives into fewer than items and asked subjects to rate people whom they knew on each of the adjectives on the list an example of L-data because the information was gathered from observers.
This allowed Cattell to narrow down to 35 terms. Ratings of the 35 terms were factor-analyzed, revealing a 12 factor solution. After the 35 terms were made into self-rating items Cattell found that there were 4 additional factors, which he believed consisted of information that could only be provided through self-rating.
This process allowed the use of ratings by observers, questionnaires, and objective measurements of actual behavior. Cattell called these global factors. Over several decades of factor-analytic study, Cattell and his colleagues gradually refined and validated their list of underlying source traits.
The search resulted in the sixteen unitary traits of the 16PF Questionnaire. These traits have remained the same over the last 50 years of research. In addition, the 16PF Questionnaire traits are part of a multi-variate personality model that provides a broader framework including developmental, environmental, and hereditary patterns of the traits and how they change across the life span Cattell, , , Since its release in , the 16PF Questionnaire has been revised four times: The US version of the test was also re-standardized in , along with the development of forms for children and teenagers; versions for the UK, Ireland, France and the Netherlands were re-standardised in Additionally, there is a shortened form available primarily for employee selection and the questionnaire has been adapted into more than 35 languages.
The questionnaire has also been validated in a range of international cultures over time [ dubious — discuss ]. From the beginning of his research, Cattell found personality traits to have a multi-level, hierarchical structure Cattell, Next they factor-analyzed these numerous primary traits to see if these traits had a structure of their own—i.
For example, the first global trait they found was Extraversion-Introversion.
It resulted from the natural affinity of five primary traits that defined different reasons for an individual to move toward versus away from other people see below. They found that there was a natural tendency for these traits to go together in the real world, and to define an important domain of human behavior—social behavior.
In a similar manner, these researchers found that four other primary traits consistently merged to define another global factor which they called Receptivity or Openness versus Tough-Mindedness.
This factor was made up of four primary traits that describe different kinds of openness to the world:. Another global factor, Self-Controlled or conscientious versus Unrestrained , resulted from the natural coming together of four primary factors that define the different ways that human beings manage to control their behavior:.
Because the global factors were developed by factor-analyzing the primary traits, the meanings of the global traits were determined by the primary traits which made them up.
In addition, then the global factors provide the overarching, conceptual framework for understanding the meaning and function of each of the primary traits. Thus, the two levels of personality are essentially inter-connected and inter-related. However it is the primary traits that provide a clear definition of the individual's unique personality. Two people might have exactly the same level of Extraversion, but still be quite different from each other. This individual would be talkative, bold, and impulsive but not very sensitive to others people's needs or feelings.
The second Extravert might be high on Warmth Factor A: Today, the global traits of personality are commonly known as the Big Five. The Big Five traits are most important for getting an abstract, theoretical understanding of the big, overarching domains of personality, and in understanding how different traits of personality relate to each other and how different research findings relate to each other. The big-five are important for understanding and interpreting an individual's personality profile mainly in getting a broad overview of their personality make-up at the highest level of personality organization.
However, it is still the scores on the more specific primary traits that define the rich, unique personality make-up of any individual.
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The original big-five: A historical perspective. European Review of Psychology, 46 1 , The 16PF Fifth Edition technical manual. Institute for Personality and Ability Testing, Inc. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources. Principles, applications, and issues" 8th ed.
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NYC, NY: Penguin Group. The 16 Personality Factor Questionnaire: Watkins, Jr. Campbell Eds. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. The description of personality: Basic traits resolved into clusters. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 38, A psycho-lexical study. Psychological Monographs, 47, Personality and mood by questionnaire.