Christianity is India's second-largest minority religion after Islam, with approximately 28 million .. The origin of Christianity in North Konkan, was due to the proselytising activities of the Portuguese in the 16th "Mar Thoma: The Apostolic Foundation of the Assyrian Church and the Christians of St. Thomas in India" (PDF). in India, the arrival of Portuguese and Protestant missions into the country and their agenda to Christianize India. The origin of Christianity in India. There are . soundofheaven.info DEVELOPMENT OF. CHRISTIANITY IN INDIA. Christianity Is one of the most wide spread religions* Nearly every third person of the world is.
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BR H7 v. Hough, James, d. The history of Christianity in India COMPRISING THE HISTORY OF PROTESTANT MISSIONS. TO Cambridge Core - Church History - A History of Christianity in India - by Stephen Neill. PDF; Export citation . 15 - Non-Roman Catholic Christianity in India. WWL Church History and Facts – INDIA. How many Christians? Pop Christians. Chr%. 1,,, 63,, Source: WCD, May
Richardson, op. He set out, therefore, to prepare converts for this task and broadened the scope of education in the mission schools. Of these, over were circumcised and given Muslim names and clothes and several British regimental drummer boys were made to wear ghagra cholis and entertain the court as nautch girls or dancing girls. Historians believe that Saint Thomas and other Apostles spread in different directions for missionary activities. A study estimates some 40, Christian believers from a Muslim background in the country, most of them belonging to Protestantism. Silva to his sister, a copy of which was given by an advocate, M. The ancient Saint Thomas Christians of Kerala have a distinctively different culture when compared to Christians in other parts of the country.
Therefore, there is a wholistic concept of mission in the ministries of Serampore Trio i. S mission. The Fort William College was exclusively run for the children of the Britishers who were in Government service, military service or as businessman. There was a criticism that Carey was getting a higher income than the Indians or his contemporary white man. But that criticism was baseless because any income Carey received he did not enjoy it he gave all to B.
ISPCK, , He was born on in England and died on in India. Richardson, op. He set out, therefore, to prepare converts for this task and broadened the scope of education in the mission schools.
Serampore College was conceived not as a seminary but as a liberal arts college for Christians and non-Christians.
The basic principle of communal life was that every member should be, as far as possible, self-supporting. The objective of the community was to disseminate the gospel in all possible"" ways: Carey's translation service was noteworthy. He also made available some of the Indian classics and was instrumental in the renaissance of Hindu culture in the 19th century.
Contributions of Serampore Mission: Although the Serampore missionaries came to India primarily for the purpose of preaching the gospel of Christ, they dedicated themselves to the service of the ailing and distressed people in and around Serampore, spreading education, social reforms and social reconstruction.
John Clark Marsh man wrote, 'The Serampore missionaries considered it their duty to take an active interest in every measure calculated to relieve the wretchedness of the people". William Carey established a charity school for the boys in at Mudnabutty.
After moving to Serampore in , he established a school with hostel facilities for foreign nationals on payment of fees and on the other hand in June , he started a school to give free education to the natives. Within a few years they could establish number of schools and also produce text books for the students.
Carey gave importance to vernacular education over English education because learning their own language would make more sense to them. Carey and his colleagues had founded and supervised, by the year , no fewer than native schools, containing some 10, boys, of whom more than were in and around Serampore. In India at that time the girls were not sent to schools.
The Serampore missionaries were sensitive to the lack of female education in the conservative society. They encouraged the girls to attend the schools. In , the girls were allowed to sit behind the curtains and attend classes in boys' school but this attempt was not successful. In , a separate school for girls was established by the Serampore missionaries. On 15th July , Carey sent an appeal to the Governor of Denmark for the sanction of a college at Serampore. The Danish government happily gave their permission.
The College was established for the instruction of Indian youth in Christian knowledge and secular education. Downs, History of Christianity in India: The Church History Association of India, , Downs, op. Translation and publishing of Bible, mainly the New Testament occupied a major mission of Serampore missionaries, who in printed Bengali New Testament. Khasis New Testament in Manipuri New Testament in The languages, besides major and minor ones spoken in India, included Burmese, Javan, Malayan and Chinese.
In , William Carey established a Mission Press in Serampore for the initial purpose of publishing scripture translations, and in May , the first leaf of his Bengali New Testament was published in Serampore. Monohar Karmakar, son-in-law of Panchanan, was exceptionally skilled in the works of foundry and within a very short period founts of Maratha, Tamil, Telegu, Burmese, China, Arabic, Urdu, Persian etc.
Though Printing Press was available in Calcutta in Pre-Mission period, yet printing technology had a surprising uplift with the efforts of Serampore Mission.
The Ramayana and the Mahabharata, the epics, were published from Serampore Mission Press in five 5 and three 3 volumes respectively. In the Serampore trio entered the field of journalism. They launched newspapers "Samachar Darpan'' and "Friends of India" to fight against social injustice.
Through these two journals Carey started to promote social reforms. Samachar Darpan weekly newspaper in Begali is the first ever newspaper to be printed in oriental language.
In it eyewitness accounts of sati were published.
Carey used every means possible to educate and uplift the people with whom he lived and worked. And he also published a periodical, which regularly featured articles on physics, chemistry, geography and biology.
It was published for the period from April to March , and, further, from January to April The Christian Literature Society, , Carey learnt the local language of the people to understand the people and their culture.
After he learnt Bengali, he contributed to the development of Bengali literature in two capacities, firstly as a missionary mainly as a translator and as a teacher and scholar at Fort William College.
In order to meet the requirement of textbooks at Fort William's he wrote textbooks and also produced a Bengali grammar and a dictionary. He also laid the foundation for modern Bengali prose and he is fondly remembered as the father of Bengali Prose. In the first half of the 19th century the social activities of Christian missions were directed towards bringing about moral reforms in Indian society and to emancipate individuals from the age-old superstitions of Hindu religion.
William Carey played an important role in removing child infanticide. It is said that Lord Wellesley deputed William Carey to inquire into the sacrifice of children. And on that basis of his report on August 20, lord Wellesley passed a regulation prohibiting the practice of sacrificing children by drowning or throwing them into the sea on river.
William Carey was very mush instrumental for the abolition of sati in the British territories in India. William Carey knew that without the government's help and conscientizing the people about the cruel practice it would be impossible to abolish sati. In Carey submitted a report to the vice-president in council of the East India Company and gave his suggestion to abolish sati. He with the help of few Bengalis surveyed Bengal and found that widows were burnt alive on the previous year and submitted the report to lord Wellesley on 15th October, and demanded for the abolition on this practice.
Raja Ram Mohan Roy was an Indian who raised intellectuals also came forward to support this movement. Roy and few others also raised their voices against sati. As a result of their untiring efforts against this practice, William Bentinck issued an order in ; prohibiting Sati in the British territories in India. There was another evil practice prevalent in Bengal of killing those suffering from leprosy.
Sometimes the lepers were drowned so that they would be reborn with healthy bodies. At that time there was no treatment for the lepers. In , Carey saw a man being burnt alive in Katowa in Burdwan district.
And he started an asylum for the lepers in Calcutta. William Carey was so much interested in Horticulture. He gave many Botanical names to many plants, the names which were given by him remain unchanged even today in the Botanical scholars circle. At that time he was known all over England as a Botanist and Horticulturist. Some of the Botanical names given by him are as follows: Onion, Garlic.
Clove etc. The Botanical names were given to these commodities and the same names are used even today all over the world. In , he published his finding in a paper entitled, "state of agriculture in the district of Dinajpore" in Asiatic researches.
His concern led to the ultimate foundation of the "Agri- Horticultural Society of India" on 14' September He started the Botanical society of Calcutta, today has grown to be a government organization.
The history of mission in Indian during to , there was a close rift between the parent society, BMS, and the Serampore mission. The roots of the controversy were embedded in the status of the Serampore Mission as a largely self-supporting entity- a status which was founded on fundamental principle, and not merely on economic necessity.
The premises were held on behalf of the Society, but the legal status of the trust deeds was unsatisfactory. The Serampore mission was self-supported and the missionaries had began a convent community, where missionaries where taken at request.
Until March 23, negotiations were attempted but then the Committee publicly announced that the BMS and the Serampore mission parted ways. From Serampore mission was supported by independent committee. In a reunion negotiation took place where the BMS committee excluded the Serampore College from its control. Late in , after the death of Marshman the last of trio in , the BMS committee included Serampore College into its governance. Reflection and Conclusion: Serampore mission is one of the most inspiring missionary activity that just not only developed Christian community but rather made a difference for the whole society.
Serampore mission did not see preaching the Bible, leading Bible class, or making members of church made much difference, but the difference in the attitude to become Christian can only come when the society can understand and learn in their own culture. The Serampore Trio's contribution to the Indian soil is immense, especially to Bengal. They landed in Bengal which had barbaric practices like infanticide and sati, and it was their calling to adapt to the culture which then led for reformation and transformation of the society by offering education and enlightenment to the people.
These Englishmen came as English speaking men rather than making the people like them they became like them and spoke, ate, lived like them. They came from a higher level of living lifestyle but a lived for people who were of lower level, for their transformation.
Can the Church today stoop down, go into the grass root of the society to establish its mission? In effect, they are practising Christians, but are legally Muslims; thus, the statistics of Indian Christians does not include Muslim converts to Christianity. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Christians in India Saint Thomas Christian cross. Middle East. North America. South America. Main article: Saint Bartholomew. Saint Thomas Christians.
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