The Accounting Standards (i.e. AS 1~32) have been issued/ amended by in accordance with generally accepted accounting practices in India (i.e. Download PDF copy of Mandatory Accounting Standards of ICAI (as on 1. Indian Accounting Standard (abbreviated as Ind-AS) is the Accounting standard adopted by . 3, disclosures for fair picture of cos", Business Standard, 24 May ; ^ "Company (Inaian Accounting Standard) Rules, " (PDF). accounting standards in india pdf in hindi Basic Accounting Principles Business Environment 60 5 BASIC ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLES The International.
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Download PDF of This Page (Size: K) ↧. Simple Explanation- (As 1 to as 12). After becoming Indian Accounting standard board as the prime authority for. Accountants of India. Preface to the Statements of Accounting Standards (revised . ). Framework for the Preparation and Presentation of. Accounting Standards in India are issued By the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI). At present, there are 30 Accounting Standards issued by ICAI.
It is different from direct method. This Video explains the Concept of Accounting Standards and explains the process on. It is also duty of accountant to make and disclose also extra accounting policy if company is using different depreciation, stock and investment valuation method. In the form of subsidy, reduction in duty and taxes and other non monetary help. After they can take the decision of investment by purchasing the shares of company from stock exchange. OneIndia Hindi Dictionary offers the meaning of Accounting standard in hindi with pronunciation, synonyms, antonyms, adjective and more related words in Hindi.
Under this method, cash flow statement is made by inflow and outflow of cash in operating, investing and financial activities. It is different from direct method. Under this method cash from operating activities is calculated on the basis of net profit after different adjustments of non cash and non operating items like depreciation, interest, dividend paid and also adjusting net changes in working capital.
All other part of cash flow from investing and financial activities are as same as direct method. Accounting standard 4 AS 4: Contingencies and events occurring after the balance sheet date Accounting standard four provides the rules of accounting treatment of losses due to contingencies and event happening after balance sheet date but before approving of balance sheet by board of directors. Any contingencies like loss by fire or liabilities due to employee's accident should be provided in financial statement after these contingencies losses are confirmed.
Impairment losses of assets is also covered under AS 4 Any losses due to happening of any event is also shown in financial statement before approving financial statement. Accounting standard 5 AS 5: Profit or loss for the period prior of changing accounting policies.
ICAI's this standard explains two simple rules:. All ordinary and extraordinary item relating to the financial statement should be disclosed if it effects on profit or loss period before changing of accounting policies. If accounting policies are changed.
Then it is the duty of enterprise to disclose all important items relating to income and expenditures, so that profit or losses before the period and after period of changes of accounting policies can easily compare with other enterprises business.
Accounting standard 6 AS 6: Accounting of Depreciation Accounting standard 6 explains rules and regulations regarding charging of depreciation on any fixed asset. These rules can be explained in following way. Depreciation should charge with consisted method of charging depreciation.
Two famous method of charging depreciation are straight line and reducing balance method. Rate of depreciation should be according to company law and if it is not written in it then companies are free to charge depreciation with appropriate rate of depreciation.
Any company can also change the method of charging depreciation. But its effect in the form of deficiency or surplus also should show in profit and loss account of business.
Deficiency due to changing the method of depreciation will be debited in profit and loss account and surplus due to changing the method of depreciation will be credited in profit and loss account of business. Accounting standard 7 AS 7: Accounting of construction contracts Construction contracts are those contracts relating to build of dam, building, pipelines, ships and other fixed assets. The nature of business is different from business of general manufacturing.
Because time of completing contract is more than the time of accounting period.
So, ICAI makes some rules and regulation that should be adopt in the business relating to construction. Construction Company should identify all their resources of revenue.
It may be fixed at the time of contract or it may be cost plus profit basis. So, it is necessary to make contract account statement in which all revenue of construction business must be shown. Costs of contract comprise all raw material labour and other expenses which incurred for completing of contact.
These costs should also calculate and deduct from revenue for calculating net earning from each contract. Accounting standard 8 AS 8: Accounting for research and development: Research and development is important department of any company. AS 8 cares its accounting treatment and related to calculate its proper cost and charging on profit and loss account.
Ist part: This part is related to charge the written off proportion to profit and loss account. For this company's accountant should see what will company gets future benefits and how many years will company get these profits. On this estimation, company will charge written off cost to debit side of profit and loss account and rest amount of deferred expenditure of research and development will be shown in balance sheet's asset side under miscellaneous expenditures. Accounting Standard 9 AS 9: Revenue recognition: Accounting standard of India explains the concept of revenue deeply.
When goods are sold or services rendered. At this time it is deemed that money is earned by enterprise. Based on the international consensus, the regulators will separately notify the date of implementation of Ind-AS for the banks, insurance companies etc. Once a company follows Indian AS, either mandatorily or voluntarily, it can't revert to old method of Accounting.
Net worth shall be checked for the previous four Financial Years , , , and Ind-AS deals with disclosures related to financial instruments and related risks and the policies for managing such risks. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
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