Learn kickboxing pdf

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Read and Download Online Unlimited eBooks, PDF Book, Audio Book or Epub for free attack against an opponent Kickboxing Training Drills breaks down the key elements . The Learning Brain Memory and Brain Development in Children. started kickboxing at a fairly young age. learn Muay Thai like the Thai athletes do, starting from . learn training basics, elements of proper training, and. To learn more about the GTF or to volunteer, please contact: [email protected] Preamble. The Training Pillar of the Grassroots Manual has been.

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This tutorial will help you in learning the basics of kickboxing. Though If you have the desire and willingness to learn this sport, this tutorial will definitely help. Kick Boxing From a to Z - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File the right people, to learn the “right styles” (evolution-wise, as a martial artist). A guide for individuals wishing to take up the sport of Kickboxing or Muay Thai He has competed internationally in kickboxing and Thai Boxing, winning a.

Many hours must be given over to developing fast reactions and kicks that can be used the instant an opportunity presents itself. Then it is a question of observing the opportunity and rapidly delivering the correct blow or blows as powerfully as possible. A sound game plan will bring you back on track when pain, fatigue and unruly emotions are taking control. You watch. It means that you have lost your way and are getting punished for it. He was a gigantic wrestler who got up stronger every time he was thrown to the floor! The purpose is not to stretch… but rather to prepare the joints for the workout.

Another important point is this: First, start with your feet exactly shoulder width apart. This sets you up for a stable yet mobile stance that allows you to move quickly once you get the hang of the moves To get a clear sense of exactly how to perform the Set position, stand up straight and take a couple of casual steps forward — as if taking a walk — and then stop and look at the weight distribution of your two feet. Next, turn your torso slightly inward. This ensures your strong side is in the back and ready to perform powerful moves on command.

It also helps keep your center line — the part of your body that exposes vital areas — away from immediate or easy attack; making you less of a target. You only need to do it a couple of times to feel the benefit of better balance, better posture, and more confidence doing your workout. Look at priming as a way of creating momentum before you explode with a combination.

Pdf learn kickboxing

Finally, when you prime, try not to let your feet break contact with the floor. Think about it: This alone can make you faster at virtually every move in all contact sports.

Problem is, when done excessively, your muscles can become bigger and bulkier. After a while At this level, fitness is no longer a goal, but a natural by product of your quest for self- improvement. Beating the Heavy Bag has also been proved effective for lowering stress levels as well.

Perhaps the greatest benefit of Bag Training is the efficiency factor. You see, an effective Bag Routine need only last between 15 and 25 minutes to give you results — even at the professional level. The Foot Jab Defined: The Push Kick: Push Kick Defined: The Switch Kick:. The Jab In boxing and kickboxing alike, the Jab is a foundational weapon that builds your understanding and respect for speed plus reaction time So, you must turn into the cross to execute it correctly. While in your Set stance, imagine there was a pole going straight through the top of your head and down into the ground.

Lean slightly forward on your left foot while letting your rear foot the right foot pivot slightly outward; simultaneously, punch with your right hand straight out to your target While doing all this be mindful of what your inactive hand is doing the left. Now, the only way to hit him quickly and with power is to twist your body to your right while putting your right foot down and letting your left do the pivot. Then, while in the middle of this aggressive transition you raise your left elbow and begin to punch around that imaginary flagpole.

Impact is made. Freeze for a split second. Instantly, and You can also throw uppercuts when your opponent is covering his body during an onslaught of attacks. Uppercuts are usually launched at the end of a combination like putting a period at the end of a sentence.

Now, imagine that this magic hat is floating in front of you about two feet away. Your job is to deliver your uppercut without making contact with any other part of the hat other than the part that is parallel to the ceiling — the top part.

Naturally, the only way to hit that kind of a target is to quickly snap your fist in an upward motion and to maintain a strong and sturdy angle in your entire arm — fingers of the fist facing you.

Therefore, when performing uppercuts on a heavy bag, be sure and hit the bag at or below stomach level. From your Set stance After impact, snap your fist back to the starting position following the same trajectory that it carried on the way to the target.

Uppercut complete. This mental distinction helps you do the moves with good technique which motivates you and builds your confidence and Foot-Jab Applied:. Without The Fight! Flag for inappropriate content. Related titles. Douglas B. Wrestling The making of a Champion The Takedown. Choy Lay Fut Kung Fu: Jump to Page.

Search inside document. Why have I decided to do this? Well, for two important reasons actually: In a very real sense, this book was sparked by you.

All of you. The fuel that carried this book to completion Your interest keeps me interested. You get the idea. Kickboxing Class Format I. Joint Warm-up Minutes II. Shadowboxing Minutes III. Dynamic Stretching Minutes IV.

Bagwork Minutes V. The purpose of shadowboxing is threefold: To properly learn the techniques. To execute proper techniques without resistance. To increase ones awareness of balance and coordination. You watch. As far as I know There is no substitute for practice.

Practice is absolutely necessary. And this is where the Palangi warm up differs immensely. Fists are too close together Incorrect: Fists are tilted inward.

Fists are turned out Correct: Fists are holding imaginary pencils straight ahead. FEET shoulder width apart; left leg forward; knees bent slightly 2.

The end result is better body without the bulk. The Switch Kick: The Round Kick: Withdraw from your target and return to the Set stance. Simply put Foot-Jab Applied: Push Kick Applied: Low-Kick Applied: Round Kick Applied: Jab Applied: Cross Applied: Hook Applied: Frank Hays.

Irina Tudorache. Andika Dutha Bachari. Esteban Bustamante. James Flannery. Chris Gordon. Practical Self Defence 2. Jacomb Baciu Marius. Popular in Sports. Deconstructing the Champion The Structure for Success The Winning Mind To that end it will define what it takes to become the best — the king of the hill.

It will set out the necessary qualities, skills and mindset of a champion and map out how to achieve world status over a measurable timeframe. Such goals, regardless of natural talent, are never easy and call for ruthless self-examination and hard sacrifice; to be a champion you have to make space in your life to grow, to become something other than just another fighter.

It means being physically stronger, attaining additional techniques, becoming mentally sharper, acquiring the tactics and strategies that create the opportunities to win, and having the determination to discipline yourself over the three to five years necessary to launch a world title bid.

Finally, it means growing as a person and realising that within you there is the potential to be a world champion. You have to start by appreciating the size of the mountain that you have to climb and then visualising your success.

That means positive thinking and positive action married to a desire that is so strong it burns a hole in you. If you have opened this book looking for a quick fix and a shortcut to glory, then close it now, for the road to a world title is littered with undisciplined dreamers.

But if you have the potential and the genuine will to be a champion, then it will ask the relevant questions and reveal the answers that can turn the average ring fighter into something special. Can this book make you a world champion?

Not on its own. For this book is not an A to Z, but a compass. It can point the way, but you have to walk the miles. The book is divided into five parts. Each part is intended to reveal a key area of fighting skill. You are advised to read, experiment, test and review all information contained within this book to obtain the maximum benefit.

This is the third book in the series. The first, Kick Boxing — A Framework for Success, dealt with the sport of kick boxing from 7 Advanced Kick Boxing novice to intermediate level — if you have not read it, then do so now.

It will ensure that you have covered the basics necessary for you to launch your championship bid and you will find it the perfect primer for this book. The second book, Combat Kick Boxing — Realistic Self-Defence, dealt with the street applications of this martial system and for the first time took the skills of kick boxing out of the ring.

Many people are attracted to kick boxing because of its apparent realism; Combat Kick Boxing shows just how effective it can be when your life is at stake. Together, all three books form a series aimed at producing the holistic kick boxer — fit, trained and briefed, from novice to champion, from ring to rumble. No other series of books has ever before attempted to define this dynamic martial system in this way.

Use each as intended: Advanced Kick Boxing Techniques Part One of this book aims to examine in depth kick boxing techniques used at an advanced level of ability. The explanations and demonstrations are not the last word. That has to be supplied by you — experimenting and adding your own experience to the matrix and then taking it into the ring.

The bolo can be thrown in any plane the angle through which the punch travels. This makes it an extremely versatile and powerful tool. The knife is swung in a circular fashion and was used to deadly effect by Filipino guerrilla fighters against the Japanese during the Second World War. Because of its origins, this punch is rarely, if ever, found in standard boxing or kick boxing texts.

For the purposes of explanation, I will only describe three planes through which the bolo can be thrown — the horizontal bolo, the rising bolo and the looping bolo. The other planes are all the angles in between and can be found by a little thought and experimentation. Diagram 1 Diagram 1 Even the long-range looping hook, which is thrown with a wide action and lots of body commitment, is not the same as a bolo.

This is because the long-range hook follows a true circular path. How much you cut back depends on you — for at literally any point on the true circular path, you can cut back, thereby making the bolo very hard to read. It is very effective for going around an extended or loose guard. This technique is of particular interest to a small fighter up against a big, strong opponent. At medium and close ranges the horizontal bolo can be thrown by dipping your body to avoid an attack and then launching the bolo from the dipped position.

Targets for the horizontal bolo are the jaw and the temple. Note that there is less commitment of the body with a bolo than with most punches. This is because the whipping motion accelerates the punch and does not require body weight behind it to produce power.

The rising bolo is a good tool for the longlimbed fighter who has to find a solution to a smaller opponent continually attempting to take the fight to close quarters or an opponent who continually ducks low.

Because its action is large, the timing of the rising bolo is crucial. Throw it as your opponent steps forward. As he presses in, take half a pace backwards with your rear foot.

Throw your rear hand in a loop until it reaches your hip. Now shorten the arc and whip the punch in under the ribcage. The heart is a particularly dangerous target for any punch. It is never a technique to be used lightly. Practise the rising bolo on focus pads until you learn to swing loose and whip in.

Tightening up or tension will kill the technique. After practising on the focus pads start to compare it with the uppercut — the feel of each is very different, as is the type of power generated. In this respect it resembles an overhand cross, but the shortening of the arc makes it much harder to read.

15482967 Kick Boxing From a to Z

It is a stunning blow, appearing to come from nowhere and striking with real force. It requires good timing, distance appreciation and a honed sense of anticipation.

To practise the looping bolo, have your partner throw jabs at you whilst holding an angled focus pad in his rear hand. As he throws the jab, whip the bolo over the top of it, dipping your body as you do so.

As with the horizontal bolo you can increase the deception ratio by dipping your body as you throw the punch. The important thing to remember is to isolate each of the three basic bolos until you have achieved a reasonable level of competence in them, then experiment with differing planes, dipping and timing. Variety will keep your opponent guessing. Below are some examples of its use: Counter to a Front Kick As your opponent throws a rear leg front kick, take a pace to your left with your front foot and angle away from the kick.

Throw a looping bolo with your rear hand and strike his temple. Move too early and your opponent will follow you with the kick. It also works against a southpaw jab. It is a very good counter for a close-range fighter. Note that good head movement will tempt your opponent into throwing shots or disturbing his guard to meet the perceived threat.

This is the perfect moment to throw this counter. Now throw a rising bolo to his liver, solar plexus or chin. This is a strong counter that will shake up your opponent and unsettle his decision-making ability. Nothing subdues an opponent more than being punished with a heavy counter. As your opponent throws a left hook at your head, bob and weave to the outside and throw a strong left rising bolo at his heart.

Seize the chance to launch a heavy combination using straight and round, body and head, and hand and leg shots to overwhelm his defences. This is because you can: As with all techniques you should allow time for the skill to develop.

Practise it against less proficient fighters in the gym, gradually increasing the variety of angles and the different types and grade of fighter that you use it against. The first time an opponent in the ring should realise you possess a subtle and deadly bolo is when it explodes on his chin. Good hunting! The value of jumping kicks lies in the fact that you can deliver nearmaximum body weight behind the technique.

Jumping kicks work best as a jack-in-the-box, that is, a technique that pops up unexpectedly.

When this surprise element is combined with maximum weight the result will be a man-stopper. There are dangers to using jumping kicks. You are very vulnerable on landing and can be swept heavily. The very nature of the kicks means you make large expansive body movements that can be easily read by your opponent if you do not time or disguise them correctly.

Lastly, never experiment with jumping kicks in the fight ring. Work your chosen techniques in the gym until they are second nature and make sure to include focus pad, big bag and sparring practice in your training schedule. It is especially important to work on timing. You are recommended to have a partner spar with you at half speed so that you can practise the correct moment to launch your jumping kick.

Pdf learn kickboxing

This is because by throwing a rear side technique your opponent has to open up target areas particularly suitable for the jumping roundhouse kick. Counter to a Right Cross As your opponent throws a right cross, pull your left side back and jump.

At the peak of your jump twist to your right and throw a jumping rear leg roundhouse kick to the side of his head. The natural action of the kick takes you out of the path of the right cross and if your opponent telegraphs his intent, you can knock him out with this technique. Practise this on the big bag by swinging it away from you and just as it starts to return, pull back, jump and twist.

Try to explode through the bag and make it jump rather than swing away from you. Three sets of ten at the end of your gym workout should maintain a good skill level. Another way to practise this is to have your practice partner hold a shield with his left arm and wear a glove on his right. As he throws the right cross, perform the jumping roundhouse counter. Good anticipation and opponent awareness will help you trigger the counter before he can execute his own roundhouse kick.

The combination shown here works because there are straight punches, a jumping roundhouse kick and a low sweep that will force your opponent to switch his priorities rapidly as the combination is released. The loss of balance also prevents him launching a counter. Being technically advanced with large, expansive movements and a requirement for pinpoint timing, this kick is the hardest of all to land cleanly, but when you do it produces the most spectacular of knockouts.

A description of the basic technique is given below: Practise this by having your training partner hold a shield on his right arm and throw a jab at you with his left. The instant you see movement from his lead hand, jump and spin into the technique.

Practise until you can hit the bag with genuine speed and power and then do three sets of ten at the end of each gym session to maintain your skill level. It is also important to give time over to practise on the focus pads as this will hone your accuracy and timing.

It will be extremely difficult for him to mount an effective guard against this counter. It is truly stunning. The best way to practise this counter is to have your opponent hold a kick shield as he throws the kick. The combination shown here is a standard one and consequently there is nothing about the opening techniques that suggest a jumping kick is coming.

To that end, it is important to work on a smooth flow from one element of the combination to the other. Practise this combination on the focus pads. Work for speed, power, accuracy and, not least of all, flow. A cold kick thrown without thought is an invitation to disaster. In Kick Boxing — A Framework for Success, elementary sweeping techniques and principles were dealt with. Here we will go into more depth with a range and variety of sweeping methods.

Ideally you should practise with a partner until you can pick the technique out of nowhere. You are strongly recommended to work on one sweep or combination sweep until it is sharp and you are able to use it successfully in sparring.

Half-learned techniques serve no purpose and under the pressure of a ring contest, could see you getting knocked out. Practised until second nature and used intelligently, however, there are no finer techniques than sweeps for robbing your opponent of his confidence and his ability to plan and execute effective techniques and tactics. Timing lies at the root of good sweeping. You should sweep before his weight has come to rest as his foot lands following a kick or a step.

This is of particular importance when confronting a heavy puncher who wants to close and deliver crippling body punches and strong hooks to the head, or a heavy kicker who does not follow on with hands after throwing a shot.

There should be strong commitment of the body behind a sweep and plenty of follow-through with the leg. Sweeps work best as counters or as part of a combination. By sweeping you also take his concentration low, so by using a high follow-up attack you have a very good chance of success. I have some spectacular video of two breathtaking knockouts achieved by my fighters with just this combination.

Sweet and simple, it deserves study. Practise this on a six-foot bag so that all elements of the attack can be exercised, and then work it in sparring sessions to develop the timing. If delivered strongly enough this will jar him and make him very vulnerable to the sweep.

Heavy punching close-range fighters are made for this combination and you might even consider giving him the opening for the right cross by dropping your left hand. Make sure you judge the distance and the timing right before dropping your left hand.

Kick Boxing From a to Z | Physical Fitness | Flexibility (Anatomy)

Work this combination on the shield — it is a jolting and morale-sapping counter. Timing, power and a strong commitment are necessary. Make sure that you twist your head, shoulders and hips quickly in both the spinning heel and the spinning sweep so you power through the targets.

Most rule systems insist on sweeps being at boot height. Any higher and it is a foul. Once again, timing is all with this, but if you sweep with confidence and speed it is a spectacular throw. With practice, this is a superb technique that is rarely used and hard to read. Work it until it is second nature. It works best when your opponent braces himself to block the incoming roundhouse kick, thus trapping his weight and setting it up to be blasted away. They also allow you to pin his weight on one leg in order to deliver a telling combination and throw him violently to the floor.

Timing is the essence of sweeping, and you should always aim to go through the target. The value of power in a sweep should not be underestimated. You should practise power sweeps on a small, light bag set on the floor. Repetition practice is vital if you are to develop the sensitivity, timing and power to gain the maximum from sweeping.

The different styles and rule systems in force vary from organisation to organisation and range from full contact kicks above the waist to Muay Thai. The one common thread of these systems is that you are allowed to hit your opponent with maximum force.

The logical outcome of this is that the kick boxer should aim to stop his opponent in the shortest possible time before he himself is injured. Knocking out your opponent is the fastest way to achieve this. How easy it is to knock him out will depend on a number of things: Target Selection Any doctor will tell you that if you hit a person anywhere in the head with sufficient force, you can cause a concussion.

Further, any sufficiently strong blow to the body can cause winding, nausea or broken ribs — all of which can put your opponent out of the game. A man who conditions his body well will be able to withstand considerable punishment and may still manage to fight when hurt, especially if he is well motivated.

The ability to take a blow to the head is more problematic. When confronted with such an opponent you need to be aware of the knockout targets, those areas which, when hit, stand the greatest chance of dropping your man for the count. Then it is a question of observing the opportunity and rapidly delivering the correct blow or blows as powerfully as possible. It is essential that you are able to see these targets whilst under pressure and deliver powerful blows to them. The opening up of a knockout target area should be seized upon, but this calls for quick reactions and accurate techniques.

The brain is protected inside the skull by cerebral-spinal fluid. A blow to the head makes the brain move and hit the inside of the skull. This target can be struck horizontally or at a degree angle.

Along with its sister target of the point of the chin, the jaw accounts for most knockouts in both kick boxing and boxing. The concave surface acts to concentrate the force of the blow. On the body there are two knockout targets: Getting hit here is akin to being kicked in the groin. A rule of thumb guide to its location is to think of it lying directly beneath the elbow when your opponent is in full guard. Strike it straight in or upwards at 45 degrees. Striking here causes the diaphragm to spasm, preventing the lungs from expanding and so winding your opponent.

Strike it straight in or upward. In theory, any blow to these targets will produce the goods, but some techniques allow a cleaner, more accurate application of force to the target. This is borne out by observation of countless knockouts and stoppages. It is a question of using the best tool to do the job. Further, delivering combinations that strike more 63 Advanced Kick Boxing than one of these areas will significantly increase your chances of a clean knockout, for example, a left shovel hook to the liver followed by a left hook to the jaw.

Married to this is that subtlest of arts — timing. Small errors are frequently the start of a disaster. The skilled fighter should be observant, quick to react and ruthless in execution whenever an opportunity presents itself. This is an old boxing maxim that has a lot going for it. In essence it means that if you hit the body hard, your opponent will drop his guard to protect his body and thereby leave his head exposed. The Three-Punch Kill: This five-punch combination is fast and very strong; practise it on the focus pads and be sure to curve your body behind the shots.

Thrown with commitment this combination is the perfect way to close off a fight. Hitting the target areas on such fighters is difficult. An opponent with a tight guard must be lured or pressured into loosening that guard. For the moment though we will deal with when your opponent has allowed gaps to be created in a full guard, and outline some tactics for opening up tight guards. The spinning backfist requires a rapid spin, keeping your striking fist tight to your body until the last instant, making the pay-off extremely hard to see.

When he shifts his guard to cover the attack, pop the uppercut onto his chin and continue with a lead hook to the jaw and then go straight into the spinning backfist. This ruse will fool a novice or a nervous fighter, but an experienced man is harder to hoodwink.

None of us like getting hit, so the feint hook — uppercut — hook — spinning backfist combination works best on the experienced man after you have caught him with a one-off welltimed left hook. For now he is — albeit temporarily — conditioned to react. Whether he likes it or not, your opponent will find himself reacting to another hook by overemphasising his guard and allowing the rear hand to drift out to cover your feint hook. When this occurs, go straight into the uppercut — hook — spinning backfist combination.

Practise this on the focus pads. Have your partner hold the pads close to his chest and lean towards you. Then he should snap up the pads without warning. Launch the three-blow combination as soon as you see the target opening up. It is very dangerous to loiter in medium range; however, it is the perfect range at which to finish your opponent because there is enough space to bring every technique online.

The Man-Stopper: I strongly recommend that you commit to the kick and let the punches fly! When your opponent raises his guard particularly after overreacting to a head shot or a feint head shot unleash the combination.

The kick will wind your opponent and force him to drop his guard, exposing his head. The backthrust kick is hidden by the spinning backfist and can be thrown with maximum finishing power. The spin puts the power into the kick, and kicking with a bent leg is a very effective way of delivering it.

The opportunities for delivering the hook that starts this knockout combination are numerous. I have listed some of the more common ones below. This is called scissoring and is a common error in novices and experienced fighters alike. You should pounce on your opponent the instant you see the rear guarding hand move out of position. Anticipation, quick reactions and the ability to deliver power accurately will see this combination achieve the maximum effect. The longer it takes your knockout technique or combination to arrive, the more time your opponent has to see and react to it, and therefore the less chance it has of getting home cleanly.

Long-range knockouts are opportunistic by nature and require great accuracy. It is the area where the specialist kicker comes into his own. A paradox exists here: In the previous medium-range combination we saw a backthrust kick used as a finishing technique. Here we will show how it can be used as an opportunistic opener at long range. Although it may be thrown to the head, without doubt the body offers a safer and larger target. For the experienced fighter with good control of technique and good timing, it is possible to deliver the backthrust kick to the most sensitive of targets — the liver.

When the strongest of blows hits the weakest of targets, there can only be one result: It stands to reason that if your opponent is throwing a cross then his liver will be exposed to attack. The experienced fighter can try a variety of ways to get his opponent to throw the cross. One inducement is by dropping his own lead guarding hand.

Throw a feint jab to concentrate his mind on his upper body, then launch the combination. Your opponent presents ambush opportunities either when he relaxes his guard or during the execution of a technique. Close observation of his habits and tendencies in the opening rounds of a fight may point to such an opportunity.

In this case, it is when he allows the rear guarding hand to drop position to expose the right side of the jaw and right temple. Two tools are needed to develop the kicks essential for longrange knockouts.

First, the big bag to build power and secondly, the focus pads, to build accuracy. Many hours must be given over to developing fast reactions and kicks that can be used the instant an opportunity presents itself. A fighter aiming to be a champion should study the knockout closely. Speed, power, timing and target recognition will turn a scoring combination into the finish of the fight.

The instant your opponent shows that he is hurt, confused or hesitant you should unleash a killer combination or set of combinations and finish him. The techniques and combinations above are not meant to comprise an exhaustive list. To obtain the most value from this information, examine your own preferred or most commonly used techniques, and think of how best to apply them against the five listed targets areas.


If you are to win consistently, you must attain a full appreciation of its requirements, because whatever type of fighter you are or whatever range you prefer to fight at, you will, at some stage in a fight, be compelled to work at close range. This is particularly true if one fighter gains ascendancy during the fight, for he will try to bring the fight to a finish by moving in and hammering home the final blows.

Equally, if under pressure yourself, you will be forced back into a corner or onto the ropes and have to fight from there. In either case you will end up at close range. All skills — blocking, parrying, slipping, ducking, laying back, punching, sweeping and even kicking — can be used close in, but note that the dynamics of speed and power change.

To that extent, close-range fighting can be considered a mini-fighting system in itself. This mini-fighting system has ground rules that have to be appreciated by the fighter aspiring to the top, for at no time must you forget that close range is the most dangerous range of all and mastery of it is the winning factor. Whatever factors are involved at close range, you are inside the ultimate knockout range and to loiter is to risk getting severely worked over.

Your opponent will try to push you offbalance and hit you as you adjust. Therefore you must build a repertoire of balance-shifting manoeuvres that help you retain your balance and dislodge his in turn. The dynamics of power change at close range, requiring body shifting rather than long limb movements to obtain power and leverage.

Reflex speed is the primary element, followed by limb speed. If you are slow at close range you are dead in the water. These ground rules, or to put it another way, these areas of skill, must be mastered if you are to survive and win.

Stance and guard must always be fluid creations if you are to function at your maximum potential. Many fighters never change guard whatever the range, and their only solution to close-range fighting is to tighten the one that they favour. This is a mistake that could cost them the fight. We will examine the stances and guards that must be mastered.

It cannot be emphasised too much that you must experiment in training to gain a fuller understanding of the principles outlined below. It is too open and allows your opponent too many options when attacking you, particularly with angled shovel hooks to the body, uppercuts through the middle, body hooks below the elbows and short front kicks off the lead leg.

That said, if you have weakened your opponent and are closing in for the kill, then the full guard allows you the maximum options for attack. Diagram 5 This changes when your opponent is a southpaw. It confines his blows to the edges of the target area and makes him work hard to score.

When you add a bobbing up and down motion you can move forward putting him under tremendous pressure whilst giving you the opportunity to throw punishing hooks to both the head and the body. If you are trapped in a corner or on the ropes, this guard combined with movement can also work defensively, offering the best option for survival. Your task is to take the initiative and keep it. A good jack-in-the-box technique at close range is a tight spinning backthrust kick.

Because of the turn, you do not need to straighten your leg to get power. Structured sparring is the preferred practice method for stance and guard training. You should practise by placing yourself in a corner or on the ropes and have a partner hit you at half speed and half power.

Next, reverse the roles and try Fig. Always seek to get him to move his guard, then drive a shot into the gap you have created. The variations on this theme are endless and should form a good basis for your own experimentation.

If your balance is dislodged you are extremely vulnerable. A stronger, more aggressive fighter will frequently try to back you into a corner or onto the ropes where he will aim to destroy you with heavy shots. Simply pushing back against a stronger opponent is tiring and doomed to fail. You must prevent him backing you up by practising body-shifting manoeuvres that turn the tables and leave him vulnerable to your attack.

Effective tactics are: This will cause him to go past you. Now strike him from the other side with a hook. Yield quickly and time the hook for maximum effect. The axis of his stance is an imaginary line running through each foot. His stance is strong when his feet are in line with the direction of his pushing and conversely, extremely weak when you push at right angles to this axis — the line of force.

Diagram 6 In order to break his balance, rapidly pivot away from the direction of his force, then push with your shoulder at right angles to the axis of his stance. Be subtle! Diagram 6 94 Close-Range Fighting Fig. When you and your opponent are pushing together, suddenly withdraw your lead shoulder enough to drive a short cross to his chin.

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Now quickly close the gap by pushing your shoulder forward again. Instead of pushing back and expending energy, place your weight on him and make him burn up precious energy by keeping you off. To attain power in your techniques, you must rapidly pivot your feet, hips and shoulders. Correct body alignment together with this rapid pivoting will produce knockout power. To train for this you must spend time on the big bag — the biggest you can find. Lean against the bag and push it off-centre.

This will feel like the weight of your opponent. Now, without moving back, pivot and hit the bag forcefully. Spending time on this drill will be well rewarded. There are three elements to true speed: Reflex speed is the most important element when fighting at close range.

Limb speed will also play a part, but body speed — fast footwork — is virtually redundant for the simple reason that you are already in range. To train your reflex speed, you must use the focus pads. Have a partner crouch over at close range, holding the pads close to his chest. Your partner snaps up the pads whilst you launch a technique or combination as soon as you see the target.

It requires you to stand in front of a mirror throwing techniques and noting where you are open to a counter-attack. Wherever you are open, your opponent will be. Essential to this is the concept of recognition-primed decision, which in turn is linked to visualisation. Recognition-primed decision is when you unleash a power attack or counter the instant you perceive an opportunity. You see it, recognise it and take him out. This is reaction born of hours of practice in the gym and — more importantly — hours in the fighting ring.

Mirroring requires fast reactions, a good range of techniques and the ability to stay in close and survive. Its use is suggested only for someone with a high level of training. To practise mirroring, stand in front of a mirror and throw a jab. Now observe what part of your target area is open to attack whilst you are jabbing. What you see in the mirror is what you see when an opponent is attacking you.

Where you are open, he will be open too. The next phase is to work out selected counters that will best strike the exposed target area.

For instance, when your opponent jabs, his leading side ribs become exposed; therefore consider using a lead front kick, a cross to the body or a lead side kick. The greater your repertoire, the greater choice of counters you have. The would-be champion always looks to expand his technical responses. For example, as your opponent throws a lead hook to the head, duck and counter with a hook to the body. Be aware of those areas of skill that you must acquire.

Give time over to practising at close range and train with a variety of opponents — tall, short, strong, southpaw and so on. Effective close-range fighting is an essential area of skill for the would-be champion.

Master it or be the victim of it! At medium range all weapons can be brought to bear. Timing and distance appreciation have to be at their best. Medium range is the transitory distance that must be crossed in both directions, with maximum speed.

Correct mastery of distance is essential if you are to control the fight. As a rule of thumb, you should be on the inside fighting, the outside circling, or crossing medium range en route to an attack or retreating into long range. Never, ever loiter in medium range. Long range offers the greatest safety, but reduced chances to attack.

We have said already that long range is where the kicker comes into his own, but it is also the place to retreat to when you are not actually launching an attack. It is also the range for reconnaissance in the opening rounds of a fight. They are the application of the particular ways of attacking and defending that yield the best from your techniques.

Here I will make a controversial statement — you do not have to be the best fighter in the ring to win a contest, only the best performer. It is a question of using the tactics that place you in a superior position to that of your opponent and forcing him to fight in ways that place him at a disadvantage — bringing your sharpest edge against his weakest side. Naturally, your opponent will be trying to do this to you as well, and the man who applies himself the best will win.

For you to do this, you have to understand what type of fighter you are. There are five basic types of fighter or, to put it another way, five fighting styles. A man that scores and moves, never standing still, never letting you rest. He is frequently misunderstood and described as a defensive fighter.

This is a flawed analysis, for the Thief always looks to score. Expect him to be a master of timing and mobility for this is his chief means of survival and victory. A Thief thrives in a large ring. Dylan never let him get set and scored freely throughout the contest.

Al Tali nearly burst a blood vessel with frustration. His whole game plan is to back you onto the ropes or into a corner and break you up. Usually, but not exclusively, he is a puncher, and a body puncher at that. In the opening phases of a fight the Killer will sometimes stalk in order to weigh up the opposition before pouncing. The Killer too is, more often that not, misunderstood.

He is thought to be just a banger, but in reality he reduces fighting to its most simple yet most subtle — finding your man and finishing him. Expect him to fight at close range where he is at his most destructive. The Killer thrives in a small ring and is very aware of the additional pressure this creates for his opponent. Mark Walters in his war with Eval Denton in for the K. British Championship.

Mark continually pushed Eval on to the back foot and hammered in vicious body punches. Eval is also a Killer, but on this occasion he was outworked by Mark, who showed true desire. He manoeuvres to entice you into an ill-timed or poorly thought-out attack, and then he pounces, beating you to the punch and scoring with a heavy combination.

His aim is to catch you just at the moment of moving in, thereby doubling up his striking power. I believe a cool-headed, heavy-hitting Ambusher is the most dangerous opponent a fighter can face.

Expect him to be a master of timing and distance with hairtrigger reactions. All fighters throw counters, but the Ambusher is a master of drawing his opponent out and making him fight at the wrong moment and the wrong range. Tim waited, watched and countered the heavy-kicking Kolok time and time again.

It was nothing short of a masterclass for the spectators. His attacks can be likened to progressively heavier weights being applied to your chest. Expect him to use heavy kicks and punches to the body. The nature of raiding means that the Raider picks up vital intelligence on his opponent before committing to a heavy or sustained attack.

By this means he is able to increase his chances of survival and victory. This was a superb fight in which Garnet applied tremendous and increasing pressure on the game and skilful Chris Long. Garnet went on to win a version of the world title shortly after this. Expect the Southpaw to have strong and penetrating opening attacks and good distance appreciation. Below are some examples of how one fighter imposes his own style on the opposition.

Plant fear in his mind and keep it there. In the opening rounds of a fight, a Killer will seek to hit the Thief with a series of punishing body shots to weaken him and rob him of the stamina he needs to continually move. At the first sign of weakness the Killer should pounce and bring the fight to an explosive conclusion. Sweep him to deny him the firm base he needs and rattle in sharp stop-hit jabs and front kicks to disturb his attempts to come close. Sharp, stinging blows and combinations should be used to frustrate the Killer and make him reckless.

If he grows impatient and lunges in, meet him with a sharp combination and then move off. This brings your own rear strongest hand and foot online. Dig him hard and often. Once in position, never let him rest. Raid him using sudden, seemingly random attacks so that he cannot settle into his rhythm. Use heavy right-hand punches and kicks to rattle him. Watch his face for any signs of hesitation or confusion — then whack him hard!

Study Chart One below and think through the tactics that would win each particular match. Chart One Advanced Kick Boxing Remember that the chart illustrates only the possibilities thrown up by the five basic types of fighter meeting each other. Review the chart again and ask yourself which tactics you would personally employ in each case given your current fighting type and skill level, and then ask yourself what additional skills you might need to achieve success against each different type of fighter.

The analysis will enable you to work out the problems that could confront you in a future fight. This is too haphazard for the man aiming at the top. The man setting out to be a world champion must be aware of the advantages of developing differing fighting styles and the combinations of types that are both logical and profitable.

If you are in the sport with the aim of reaching the top, you owe it to yourself to consider the options. Although there are only five basic types of fighter, many fighters have the ability to master more than one style. They may in fact change styles several times within a contest, starting out in the early stages as a Thief, then turning into a Raider to apply increasing pressure before changing again, this time into a Killer, to trap and kill the opponent in the final stages.

Certain types marry particularly well with others to create very effective fighting styles. A fighter who blends differing types of fighting styles is called a Hybrid. Many fighters are, to a greater or lesser extent, Hybrids, even if they are not aware of it.

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Generally the particular blend of styles is logical, for example, Southpaw-Thief. Below are some examples of Hybrids together with suggested tactics for dealing with them. Once again, you should consider what responses you would have to make given your present fighting style and the options it provides you with.

The way to deal with this type of opponent is to hurt him early and keep him in trouble. Never allow him to regain the initiative. My own instructor Geoff Britton was just such a fighter and he caused me, and everyone else, nightmares when trying to catch him.

The only way to deal with this type of opponent is continual pressure — never let him rest. He will pressurise you until you have nowhere to go, and then cut you off and kill you. A strong, fit Killer-Raider with a sound chin is a nightmare to deal with. Your best defence is to be a highly mobile Thief. Trevor Ambrose was a master Thief with the ability to give weight away, relying on his superb timing and mobility skills. His fight against the powerful Winston Walker was a classic Thief versus Killer-Raider encounter, and one of the most fascinating fights that I have ever seen.

The fight went right down to the wire and we only knew that Trevor Ambrose had won when the last bell sounded. Both men had provided a masterclass.

Advanced Kick Boxing (Martial Arts)

The way to deal with this Hybrid is to trap and kill when he is passive, and hit and run when he is active. Consider for a moment the tactical switches that would be necessary to deal with him. Ironically, the solution is not to go more technical, but to reduce Tactics against Hybrids your style to the most basic — Killer. Trap him and pound him, never allowing his timing and mobility skills to function at their best.

By becoming a Hybrid you will dramatically improve your chances of gaining a significant title. However, there is one more type of fighter. A master of styles — the Chameleon. They have the ability to transform themselves from a dancing, evasive Thief into a heavy-clubbing Killer; from a master Ambusher to a persistent Raider before switching sides to become a Southpaw.

There can be no doubt — Chameleons are the best technical fighters around. Fortunately, they are very, very rare.

A Chameleon may change for the whole duration of a fight or change several times within a fight, perhaps inside a round, in order to constantly outwit and outperform the opposition. Chameleons are mentally agile, technically fluent and bear the mark of greatness. Just to clarify matters, a Chameleon is a master fighter capable of switching styles at will to suit the circumstances confronting him, whereas a Hybrid is a fighter who chooses to mix a number of types without necessarily changing that mix every time he confronts someone new.

I realise that you cannot change the type of fighter you are overnight, and further, you may not want to, but be sure of one thing — if you are aiming for the top you are limiting your options with this attitude. If it is at all within your grasp you should try to become a Chameleon or at least a versatile Hybrid. The advantages gained are precisely what you need to set yourself apart from the herd.

Summary You will probably have a basic style and be one of the five basic types when you start fighting; however, different opponents require different solutions, so it is important to have more than one style at your disposal as you progress through the rankings.