For additional information about the translation, see the introduction to the PDF version. For some reflections on the meaning and significance of Judas' Gospel. Codex Tchacos which includes what is called “The Gospel of Judas”. The media radical effect on the Christian theology and the Gospel of Judas will be in. archaeological wonders, and now they have yielded another spectacular find— the. Gospel of Judas, recently discovered and published for the first time in
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THE GOSPEL OF JUDAS. Translated by. Rodolphe Kasser, Marvin Meyer, and Gregor Wurst, in collaboration with François Gaudard. INTRODUCTION: INCIPIT. The Lost Gospel of Judas - From the Codex Tchacos 9/17/ The Lost Gospel uf Judas from NationalGeographic Website An ancient Coptic manuscript. Gospel of Judas, page 2. Jesus said to them, “How do [you] know me? Truly I say to you, no race from the people among you will know me.” When his disciples.
Polemical Aspects of the Gospel of Judas. Like the canonical gospels, the Gospel of Judas portrays the scribes as approaching Judas with the intention of arresting him, and Judas receiving money from them after handing Jesus over to them. However, this codex containing the Gospel of Judas was not discovered until the s in Egypt, and it wasn't until that a team led by Professor Rodolphe Kasser of Switzerland, a world-renowned Coptic scholar, began to translate and consent the ancient text. While the contents of one part of the Vatican library have been catalogued and have long been available to researchers and scholars, the remainder of the library is, however, without a public catalogue, and though researchers may view any work within, they must first name the text they require, a serious problem for those who do not know what is contained by the library. It is thought to have been composed in the second century by Gnostic Christians, not by Judas, since it contains late-2nd-century theology. Washington, D.
Time we use it.
Thank you for this information. I have every intention of reading this. All things pertaining to our Lord is important and must be read by all. Judas carries massive testimony about our Lord thats why the Romans hide his writings so much.
Just look at the book of John Apologetics is a ministry of Defenders Media, c 3 a non-profit organization. Your generous donations are tax-deductible. Apologetics is a non-profit ministry. You can support our work here. By Brian Auten on April 1, at 8: Expelled Myths — Breakpoint Podcast.
Book Review: The Testimony of the Evangelists by Simon Greenleaf. Alex Cooper June 10, I would like to know who decide to cut and padte the book of Our Lord. Amanda Morris June 23, Far from arguing that the physical body is a prison which needs to be escaped from, the Gospel of Judas portrays Jesus as able to leave his body at will and take on other forms, appearing to be a child. In the text, Jesus is shown leaving his body, journeying to the imperishable realm and returning to his body.
Unlike other non-Nicene Gospels, the Gospel of Judas is Sethian in orientation in that Adam's son Seth is seen as a spiritual ancestor. As in other Sethian documents, Jesus is equated with Seth: The initial translation of the Gospel of Judas was widely publicized but simply confirmed the account that was written in Irenaeus and known Gnostic beliefs, leading some scholars to simply summarize the discovery as nothing new.
However, it is argued that a closer reading of the existent text, as presented in October , shows Christianity in a new light. According to Elaine Pagels, for instance, Judas is portrayed as having a mission to hand Jesus over to the soldiers.
She says that Bible translators have mistranslated the Greek word for "handing over" to "betrayal". Like many Gnostic works, the Gospel of Judas refers to itself as a secret account, specifically "The secret account of the revelation that Jesus spoke in conversation with Judas Iscariot The Gospel of Judas states that Jesus told Judas "You shall be cursed for generations" and then added, "You will come to rule over them" and "You will exceed all of them, for you will sacrifice the man that clothes me.
Unlike the four canonical gospels, which employ narrative accounts of the last year of Jesus's life in the case of John , three years and of his birth in the case of Luke and Matthew , the Judas gospel takes the form of dialogues between Jesus and Judas, and Jesus and the twelve disciples, without being embedded in any narrative. Such "dialogue gospels" were popular during the early decades of Christianity and the New Testament apocrypha contains several examples, such as the Gospel of Mary.
Like the canonical gospels, the Gospel of Judas portrays the scribes as approaching Judas with the intention of arresting him, and Judas receiving money from them after handing Jesus over to them. But unlike Judas in the canonical gospels, who is portrayed as a villain, and excoriated by Jesus "Alas for that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed.
It would be better for that man if he had never been born," trans. The New English Bible Mark Elsewhere in the manuscript, Jesus favours Judas above other disciples by saying, "Step away from the others and I shall tell you the mysteries of the kingdom," and "Look, you have been told everything. Lift up your eyes and look at the cloud and the light within it and the stars surrounding it. The star that leads the way is your star. The content of the gospel had been unknown until a Coptic Gospel of Judas turned up on the antiquities " grey market ," in Geneva in May , when it was found among a mixed group of Greek and Coptic manuscripts offered to Stephen Emmel , a Yale Ph.
How this manuscript, Codex Tchacos , was found, maybe in the late s, has not been clearly documented. However, it is believed that a now-deceased Egyptian "treasure-hunter" or prospector discovered the codex near El Minya , Egypt , in the neighbourhood of the village Beni Masar, and sold it to one Hanna, a dealer in antiquities resident in Cairo. In the s, the manuscript and most of the dealer's other artifacts were stolen by a Greek trader named Nikolas Koutoulakis, and smuggled into Geneva.
During the following two decades the manuscript was quietly offered to prospective buyers, but no major library or Egypt felt ready to purchase a manuscript that had such questionable provenance. In Michel van Rijn started to publish material about these dubious negotiations, and eventually the page leather-bound codex was donated to the Maecenas Foundation in Basel.
The previous owners now reported that it had been uncovered at Muhafazat al Minya in Egypt during the s or s, and that its significance had not been appreciated until recently. It is worth noting that various other locations had been alleged during previous negotiations.
The existence of the text was made public by former professor at the University of Geneva Rodolphe Kasser at a conference of Coptic specialists in Paris, July In a statement issued March 30, , a spokesman for the Maecenas Foundation announced plans for edited translations into English , French , German , and Polish once the fragile papyrus had undergone conservation by a team of specialists in Coptic history to be led by Kasser, and that their work would be published in about a year.
Tim Jull, director of the National Science Foundation Arizona AMS laboratory, and Gregory Hodgins, assistant research scientist, announced that a radiocarbon dating procedure had dated five samples from the papyrus manuscript from to in January at the University of Arizona.
In January , Gene A. Ware of the Papyrological Imaging Lab of Brigham Young University conducted a multi-spectral imaging process on the texts in Switzerland, and confirmed their authenticity. Over the decades, the manuscript had been handled with less than sympathetic care: The work belongs there and they will be conserved in the best way," Roberty has stated. In April , an Ohio bankruptcy lawyer said that he possesses several small, brown bits of papyrus from the Gospel of Judas, but he refuses to have the fragments authenticated and his report is being viewed with skepticism by experts.
In , The National Geographic Society published the "Critical Edition" of the manuscript, as a book  , which includes images of all the fragments, the reconstructed Coptic text, and English and French translations. Kasser revealed a few details about the text in , the Dutch paper Het Parool reported.
The codex has four parts:. A scientific paper was to be published in , but was delayed. The completion of the restoration and translation was announced by the National Geographic Society at a news conference in Washington, D. Terry Garcia, an executive vice president for Mission Programs of the National Geographic Society, asserted that the codex is considered by scholars and scientists to be the most significant ancient, non-biblical text to be found since the s.
However, James M. Robinson , general editor of the Nag Hammadi Library, predicted that the new book would offer no historical insights into the disciple who betrayed Jesus, since the 2nd-century manuscript seems to derive from an older document.
Robinson suggested that the text will provide insights into the religious situation during the 2nd century rather than into the biblical narrative itself. One scholar on the National Geographic project believes the document shows that Judas was "fooled" into believing he was helping Jesus.
Another scholar, April D. DeConick , a professor of Biblical studies at Rice University , opines in an op-ed in The New York Times that the National Geographic translation was critically faulty in many substantial respects, and that based on a corrected translation, Judas was actually a demon, truly betraying Jesus, rather than following his orders. What the Gospel of Judas Really Says to assert that Judas was not a daimon in the Greek sense, but that "the universally accepted word for 'spirit' is 'pneuma' — in Gnostic literature 'daimon' is always taken to mean 'demon'".
DeConick raises about translation choices are addressed in footnotes in both the popular and critical editions". Scholars are divided on the interpretation of the text.
The first modern publication of the gospel contended that the text portrays Judas in a positive light,  while other scholars have asserted that Judas is presented negatively. There may be additional fragments of the gospel yet to be released.
In his Easter address, Rowan Williams , the Archbishop of Canterbury , strongly denied the historical credibility of the gospel, saying,. This is a demonstrably late text which simply parallels a large number of quite well-known works from the more eccentric fringes of the early century Church. He went on to suggest that the book's publicity derives from a desire for conspiracy theories. The president of the Maecenas Foundation , Mario Roberty, suggested the possibility that the Maecenas Foundation had acquired not the only extant copy of the Gospel, but rather the only known copy.
Roberty went on to suggest that the Vatican probably had another copy locked away, saying:. The other gospels were banned. It is highly logical that the Catholic Church would have kept a copy of the forbidden gospels. Sadly, the Vatican does not want to clarify further. Their policy has been the same for years — "No further comment".
Roberty provided no evidence to suggest that the Vatican does, in fact, possess any additional copy. While the contents of one part of the Vatican library have been catalogued and have long been available to researchers and scholars, the remainder of the library is, however, without a public catalogue, and though researchers may view any work within, they must first name the text they require, a serious problem for those who do not know what is contained by the library.
The Pope responded on April 13, The Vatican, by word of Pope Benedict XVI, grants the recently surfaced Judas' Gospel no credit with regards to its apocryphal claims that Judas betrayed Jesus in compliance with the latter's own requests. According to the Pope, Judas freely chose to betray Jesus: He was a greedy man: Even more explicitly, Father Thomas D.
Williams, Dean of Theology at the Regina Apostolorum university in Rome, when asked, "Is it true that the Catholic Church has tried to cover up this text and other apocryphal texts? You can go to any Catholic bookstore and pick up a copy of the Gnostic gospels.
Christians may not believe them to be true, but there is no attempt to hide them. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Find sources: For other uses, see Gospel of Judas disambiguation. Part of a series on Gnosticism. Gnostic sects. Influenced by. Influence on. BBC News.
Retrieved The Lost Gospel of Judas". National Geographic Society. The Gospel of Judas: Mohr Siebeck. Retrieved 8 April Retrieved 26 May New Testament Apocrypha.
Westminster John Knox Press. What Have They Done with Jesus?: San Francisco: Harper Collins. The Gospel of Judas. Commentary by Bart D.
Washington D. San Francisco Chronicle. April 6, Archived from the original on National Geographic News. April 7,