To acquaint you with the basics of Italian cuisine, this guidebook of- ommend using this food guide in conjunction with our “Italian Wine Guide” (soundofheaven.infoch . Italian Cooking: Great Classic Recipes/Antonietta Terrigno. — Rev. ed. Previous ed. Knowing how to cook pasta is very important in Italian cuisine. To cook. PDF | 45 minutes read | On Nov 30, , AYŞE NEVİN SERT and others published Italian Cuisine: Characteristics and Effects.
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Fatmanur Çelmeli Çelmeli 1 Research Assistant Ali Belenli Study Skills & Research Techn. Outline The Importance and Influence of Italian Food. Cuisine (Italian: cucina italia has developed through centuries of social and political Italian cuisine is characterized by its extreme simplicity, with many dishes. Italy, the country with a hundred cities and a thousand belltowers, is also the country with a hundred cuisines Read Online · Download PDF; Save; Cite this Item Is this enough to conclude that an Italian cuisine in the strict sense has never.
Ancient Roman cuisine Medieval cuisine Early modern cuisine Contemporary cuisine. Traditionally, meals in Italy typically contained four or five courses. The longer roasting period extracts more caffeine. The production of good quality olive oil is on the rise in South Africa , especially in the drier south-western parts where there is a more Mediterranean-type of rainfall pattern. Brine and salt were used to pickle items such as herring , and to cure pork.
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Italy expands over a sizeable piece of southern Europe and has many different regions each having their own special cuisine and eating habits. The cooking styles and ingredients also vary from area to area..
The cuisine of Italy has also been influenced with the changes that have taken place in the world through the passage of time Today the Italian cuisine features meals that retain the pre Roman era taste along with others that are strikingly different to the traditional cuisine of Italy.
Piemonte Butter, gnocchi, pasta, porcini mushrooms, white truffles, freshwater fish boiled. Lombardy Butter, Cow Milk Cheese, beef, rich, saffron, corn, risotto, apples. Castelmagno is a prized cheese of the region. The food most typical of the Piedmont tradition are the traditional agnolotti pasta folded over with roast beef and vegetable stuffing , panissa a typical dish of Vercelli , a kind of risotto with Arborio rice or Maratelli rice, the typical kind of Saluggia beans, onion, Barbera wine, lard, salami, salt, and pepper , taglierini thinner version of tagliatelle , bagna cauda sauce of garlic, anchovies, olive oil, and butter , and bicerin hot drink made of coffee, chocolate, and whole milk.
Suckling pig and wild boar are roasted on the spit or boiled in stews of beans and vegetables, thickened with bread.
Herbs such as mint and myrtle are widely used in the regional cuisine. Sardinia also has many special types of bread, made dry, which keeps longer than high-moisture breads. Also baked are carasau bread civraxu , coccoi a pitzus , a highly decorative bread, and pistocu made with flour and water only, originally meant for herders, but often served at home with tomatoes, basil, oregano, garlic, and a strong cheese.
Rock lobster , scampi , squid, tuna, and sardines are the predominant seafoods.
Casu marzu is a very strong cheese produced in Sardinia, but is of questionable legality due to hygiene concerns. Sicily shows traces of all the cultures which established themselves on the island over the last two millennia. Although its cuisine undoubtably has a predominantly Italian base, Sicilian food also has Spanish, Greek and Arab influences.
Dionysus is said to have introduced wine to the region: The ancient Romans introduced lavish dishes based on goose. The Byzantines favored sweet and sour flavors and the Arabs brought sugar , citrus , rice, spinach, and saffron. The Normans and Hohenstaufens had a fondness for meat dishes. The Spanish introduced items from the New World including chocolate, maize, turkey, and tomatoes.
Much of the island's cuisine encourages the use of fresh vegetables such as eggplant , peppers , and tomatoes, as well as fish such as tuna , sea bream , sea bass , cuttlefish , and swordfish. In Trapani , in the extreme western corner of the island, North African influences are clear in the use of various couscous based dishes, usually combined with fish.
Traditional specialties from Sicily include arancini a form of deep-fried rice croquettes , pasta alla Norma , caponata , pani ca meusa , and a host of desserts and sweets such as cannoli , granita , and cassata. Typical of Sicily is Marsala , a red, fortified wine similar to Port and largely exported. Before the Council of Trent in the middle of the 16th century, the region was known for the simplicity of its peasant cuisine.
When the prelates of the Catholic Church established there, they brought the art of fine cooking with them. Later, also influences from Venice and the Austrian Habsburg Empire came in. The Trentino subregion produces various types of sausages, polenta, yogurt, cheese, potato cake, funnel cake, and freshwater fish.
The most renowned local product is traditional speck juniper-flavored ham which, as Speck Alto Adige , is regulated by the European Union under the protected geographical indication PGI status. Simplicity is central to the Tuscan cuisine.
Legumes, bread, cheese, vegetables, mushrooms, and fresh fruit are used. A good example of typical Tuscan food is ribollita , a notable soup whose name literally means "reboiled. Ribollita was originally made by reheating i. There are many variations but the main ingredients always include leftover bread, cannellini beans, and inexpensive vegetables such as carrot, cabbage, beans, silverbeet , cavolo nero Tuscan kale , onion, and olive oil.
A regional Tuscan pasta known as pici resembles thick, grainy-surfaced spaghetti, and is often rolled by hand. White truffles from San Miniato appear in October and November. High-quality beef, used for the traditional Florentine steak , come from the Chianina cattle breed of the Chiana Valley and the Maremmana from Maremma.
Pork is also produced. Regional desserts include panforte prepared with honey, fruits, and nuts , ricciarelli biscuits made using an almond base with sugar, honey, and egg white , and cavallucci cookies made with almonds, candied fruits, coriander, flour, and honey.
Many Umbrian dishes are prepared by boiling or roasting with local olive oil and herbs. Vegetable dishes are popular in the spring and summer,  while fall and winter sees meat from hunting and black truffles from Norcia. Meat dishes include the traditional wild boar sausages, pheasants , geese , pigeons , frogs , and snails.
Castelluccio is known for its lentils. Spoleto and Monteleone are known for spelt. Freshwater fish include lasca , trout , freshwater perch , grayling , eel , barbel , whitefish , and tench.
In the Aosta Valley , bread-thickened soups are customary as well as cheese fondue , chestnuts, potatoes, rice. Polenta is a staple along with rye bread , smoked bacon , Motsetta cured chamois meat , and game from the mountains and forests.
Butter and cream are important in stewed, roasted, and braised dishes. Venice and many surrounding parts of Veneto are known for risotto , a dish whose ingredients can highly vary upon different areas. Fish and seafood are added in regions closer to the coast while pumpkin , asparagus , radicchio , and frog legs appear farther away from the Adriatic Sea. Made from finely ground maize meal, polenta is a traditional, rural food typical of Veneto and most of Northern Italy.
It may be included in stirred dishes and baked dishes. Polenta can be served with various cheese, stockfish, or meat dishes.
Some polenta dishes include porcini , rapini , or other vegetables or meats, such as small song-birds in the case of the Venetian and Lombard dish polenta e osei , or sausages. In some areas of Veneto it can be also made of a particular variety of cornmeal, named biancoperla , so that the color of polenta is white and not yellow the so-called polenta bianca. Beans , peas , and other legumes are seen in these areas with pasta e fagioli beans and pasta and risi e bisi rice and peas.
Venice features heavy dishes using exotic spices and sauces. Ingredients such as stockfish or simple marinated anchovies are found here as well. Less fish and more meat is eaten away from the coast. Other typical products are sausages such as Soppressa Vicentina , garlic salami, Piave cheese , and Asiago cheese.
High quality vegetables are prized, such as red radicchio from Treviso and white asparagus from Bassano del Grappa. Perhaps the most popular dish of Venice is fegato alla veneziana , thinly-sliced veal liver sauteed with onions.
Squid and cuttlefish are common ingredients, as is squid ink, called nero di seppia. Traditionally, meals in Italy typically contained four or five courses.
During holidays such as Christmas and New Year's Eve, feasts can last for hours. A notable aspect of Italian meals is that the primo or first course is usually a more filling dish such as risotto or pasta. Italian cuisine also includes single courses all-in-one courses , providing carbohydrates and proteins at the same time e. Each type of establishment has a defined role and traditionally sticks to it.
The garden at an osteria in Castello Roganzuolo , Veneto , Italy. Interior of a trattoria in Tolmezzo , Friuli , Italy. Espresso beans are roasted medium to medium dark in the north, and darker as one moves south.
A common misconception is that espresso has more caffeine than other coffee; in fact the opposite is true. The longer roasting period extracts more caffeine.
Home coffee makers are simpler but work under the same principle. La Napoletana is a four-part stove-top unit with grounds loosely placed inside a filter; the kettle portion is filled with water and once boiling, the unit is inverted to drip through the grounds.
In both cases, the water passes through the grounds just once. Espresso is usually served in a demitasse cup.
The bicerin is also an Italian coffee, from Turin. It is a mixture of cappuccino and traditional hot chocolate , as it consists of a mix of coffee and drinking chocolate , and with a small addition of milk. Italy produces the largest amount of wine in the world and is both the largest exporter and consumer of wine. Only about a quarter of this wine is put into bottles for individual sale.
Two-thirds is bulk wine used for blending in France and Germany. The wine distilled into spirits in Italy exceeds the production of wine in the entirety of the New World. Those vineyards producing great wines are trying to do away with the old image of jug wines so often associated with Italian wine.
To promote this, the Italian government passed the Denominazione di origine controllata DOC law in to regulate place of origin, quality, production method, and type of grape. In , the government created the Denominazione di origine controllata e garantita DOCG , reserved for only the best wines.
In Italy wine is commonly consumed alongside water in meals, which are rarely served without it, though it is extremely uncommon for meals to be served with any other drink, alcoholic, or otherwise.
Italy hosts a wide variety of different beers, which are usually pale lager. Beer is not as popular and widespread as wine even though this is changing as beer becomes increasingly popular , and average beer consumption in Italy is less than in some other neighboring European nations, such as the United Kingdom, Germany, and Austria. Among many popular brands, the most notable Italian breweries are Peroni and Moretti. Beer in Italy is often drunk in pizzerias, and South Tyrol German-speaking region is the area where beer is made and consumed the most.
There are also several other popular alcoholic drinks in Italy. Limoncello , a traditional lemon liqueur from Sicily and Southern Italy Sorrento , Amalfi and the Gulf of Naples in general, is one of the most common. Amaro Sicilianos are common Sicilian digestifs, made with herbs, which are usually drunk after heavy meals.
Mirto , an herbal distillate made from the berries red mirto and leaves white mirto of the myrtle bush, is popular in Sardinia and other regions. Another well-known digestif is Amaro Lucano from Basilicata. Grappa is the typical alcoholic drink of northern Italy, generally associated with the culture of the Alps and of the Po Valley. The three most notable and recognizable Italian aperitifs are Martini , Vermouth , and Campari. A sparkling drink which is becoming internationally popular as a less expensive substitute for French champagne is prosecco , from the Veneto region.
From the Italian perspective, cookies and candy belong to the same category of sweets. In medieval times, northern Italy became so famous for the quality of its stiff fruit pastes similar to marmalade or conserves , except stiff enough to mold into shapes that "Paste of Genoa " became a generic name for high-quality fruit conserves. Every region has its own holiday recipes. Joseph's Day on 19 March, Sicilians give thanks to St.
Joseph for preventing a famine during the Middle Ages. Joseph's Day altars and traditions.
On Easter Sunday, lamb is served throughout Italy. The common cake for Easter Day is the Colomba Pasquale literally, Easter dove , which is often simply known as "Italian Easter cake" abroad. It is supposed to represent the dove, and is topped with almonds and pearl sugar. On Christmas Eve a symbolic fast is observed with the cena di magro "light dinner" , a meatless meal.
Typical cakes of the Christmas season are panettone and pandoro. Due to several Italian colonies established in Africa, mainly in Ethiopia , Eritrea , Libya , and Somalia except the northern part , which was under British rule , there is a considerable amount of Italian influence on the cuisines of these nations. Italy's legacy from the days when Libya was invaded by Italy can be seen in the popularity of pasta on its menus, particularly Sharba, a highly spiced Libyan soup.
Bazin, a local specialty, is a hard paste, made from barley, salt and water, and one of the most popular meals in the Libyan cuisine is Batata mubatana filled potato. It consists of fried potato pieces filled with spiced minced meat and covered with egg and breadcrumbs.
All major cities and towns in South Africa have substantial populations of Italians. There are "Italian Clubs" in all main cities and they have had a significant influence on the cuisine of this country.
Italian foods, like ham and cheeses, are imported and some also made locally, and every city has a popular Italian restaurant or two, as well as Pizzerias. Pastas are popular and is eaten more and more by South Africans. The production of good quality olive oil is on the rise in South Africa , especially in the drier south-western parts where there is a more Mediterranean-type of rainfall pattern. Some oils have even won top international awards. In France, the cuisine of Corsica has much in common with the Italian cuisine, since the island was from the Early Middle Ages until first of a Pisan and then a Genoese possession.
This is above all relevant by the first courses and by the charcuterie. Italian cuisine has had a strong influence on Slovenian cuisine. For centuries, north-eastern Italy and western Slovenia have formed part of the same cultural-historical and geographical space.
In addition, an autochthonous Italian minority live in Slovenian Istria. For these reasons Italian dishes have penetrated the local Slovenian cuisine. Furthermore, there are numerous typical dishes that are shared between the Slovenian cuisines and the cuisine of the neighboring Italian region of Friuli Venezia Giulia: Much of Italian-American cuisine is based on that found in Campania and Sicily, heavily Americanized to reflect ingredients and conditions found in the United States.
Most pizza eaten around the world derives ultimately from the Neapolitan style, if somewhat thicker and usually with more toppings in terms of quantity. Throughout the country the "torta de milanesa" is a common item offered at food carts and stalls. It is a sandwich made from locally baked bread and contains a breaded, pan-fried cutlet of pork or beef. Also, "espagueti" spaghetti and other pastas are popular in a variety of soups. Due to large Italian immigration to Argentina , Italian food and drink is heavily featured in Argentine cuisine.
An example could be milanesas The name comes from the original cotoletta alla milanese from Milan , Italy or breaded cutlets. Pizza locally pronounced pisa or pitsa , for example, has been wholly subsumed and in its Argentine form more closely resembles Italian calzones than it does its Italian ancestor.
There are several other Italian-Argentine dishes, such as Sorrentinos and Argentine gnocchi. Italian cuisine is popular in Brazil, due to great immigration there in the late s and early s.
Several types of pasta and meat, including milanesa steaks, have made their way into both daily home and street kitchens and fancy restaurants. The city has also developed its particular variety of pizza , different from both Neapolitan and American varieties, and it is largely popular on weekend dinners.
In Rio de Janeiro Italian cuisine is also popular, and pizza has developed as a typical botequim counter snack.
There is considerable Italian influence in Venezuelan cuisine. Pan chabata , or Venezuelan ciabatta, Pan Siciliano , Sicilian bread, Cannoli siciliano , Sicilian cannoli, and the drink chinotto are examples of the Italian influence in Venezuelan food and beverages. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For the television series, see Italian Restaurant. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Find sources: Mythology and folklore. Mythology folklore. Music and performing arts. Television Cinema. World Heritage Sites. Flag Coat of arms. Ancient Roman cuisine Medieval cuisine Early modern cuisine Contemporary cuisine.
Regional cuisines. See also. See also: Ancient Roman cuisine and Food and dining in the Roman Empire. Medieval cuisine. Main article: Cuisine of Abruzzo. Apulian cuisine. Neapolitan cuisine. Roman cuisine. Lombard cuisine. Sardinian cuisine. Sicilian cuisine. Venetian cuisine.
Meal structure in Italy. A pizzeria in Naples , Italy circa Italian wine. Beer in Italy. List of Italian desserts. List of Italian dishes—Desserts and pastry. Sicilian cuisine—Desserts and sweets. This section needs additional citations for verification. Italian-American cuisine. Italy portal Food portal. Retrieved From the Beginning". Retrieved 24 April Britannica Online Encyclopedia.
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