When considering installing or updating to Windows R2, the R2 update merely When installing Windows Server , you must install and configure a . Chapter 23 - Ten Steps to Networking Nirvana with Windows Server . Part III covers installation and configuration of Windows Server , whereas Part. Active Directory and DNS Setup on Windows Server for the Applied CS Labs – Clarkson University. Preparation: Static IP address reserved and set on.
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Configure Your Server as a Domain Controller. . requirements. •. The Windows server must have Service Pack 2. •. All the computers. Yes, it's a Server book—but it's also basically Mastering Windows Server, FIFTH edition. sense of configuring Server to use it. In Server Welcome to my Windows Server tutorial website! Here you will find visual, step-by-step guides that can help you on your Windows Server journey.
In this example I have excluded a range of IP addresses, In this case, eleven IP's will be reserved and not distributed amongst the network clients. It is now time to set the lease duration for how long a client can use an IP address assigned to it from this scope. It is recommended to add longer leases for a fixed network in the office for example and shorter leases for remote connections or laptop computers.
In this example I have set a lease duration of twelve hours since the network clients would be a fixed desktop computer in a local office and the usual working time is eight hours. You are given a choice of whether or not you wish to configure the DHCP options for the scope now or later.
If you choose Yes then the upcoming screenshots will be of use to you. Choosing No will allow you to configure these options at a later stage. The router, or gateway, IP address may be entered in next. The client computers will then know which router to use. In the following window, the DNS and domain name settings can be entered.
You can just input the server name into the appropriate box and press "Resolve" to allow it to find the IP address itself. The last step is to activate the scope - just press next when you see the window below. The DHCP server will not work unless you do this.
The DHCP server has now been installed with the basic settings in place. The next stage is to configure it to the needs of your network structure. The address pool displays a list of IP ranges assigned for distribution and IP address exclusions.
You are able to add an exclusion by right clicking the address pool text on the left hand side of the mmc window and selecting "new exclusion range". This will bring up a window as seen below which will allow you to enter an address range to be added. Entering only the start IP will add a single IP address. This means that the specific network client will have the same IP for as long as you wanted it to.
To do this you will have to know the physical address MAC of each network card. The new reservation will be added to the list. As an example, I have reserved an IP address If you right click scope options and press "configure options" you will be taken to a window in which you can configure more servers and their parameters.
Server options act as a default for all the scopes in the DHCP server. However, scope options take preference over server options.
It has been improved from the Windows version and is classified as essential for large networks. Imagine having to configure each and every client manually - it would take up a lot of time and require far more troubleshooting if a problem was to arise. The Wizard will provide an update on the installation progress as shown below. Once the installation has completed, click the Close button:. Figure 7. Installation Progress. Figure 8. Next, select the Forwarders tab.
There is another feature called root hints which also does similar job queries the Root DNS servers of the Internet but we prefer using forwarders alongside with public DNS servers:.
Figure 9. Next, click on the Advanced tab. Here you can configure advanced features such as round robin in case of multiple DNS servers , scavenging period and so on. Scavenging is a feature often used as it deletes the stale or inactive DNS records after the configured period, set to 7 days in our example:. Figure Advanced Options - Scavenging. Next up is the Root Hints tab. Here, you will see list of 13 Root Servers.
As we can see, DNS forwarding is pretty much an optional but recommended configuration. It is highly unlikely administrators will ever need to change the Root Hints servers:. Root Hints.
Our next tab, Monitoring is also worth exploring. You can also configure automated test that will run at a configured time interval to ensure the DNS server is operating correctly:. Next, click on the Event Logging tab. Here you can configure options to log DNS events. By default, all events are logged.
Event Logging. When Event Logging is enabled , you can view any type of logged events in the Event Viewer Administrative Tools console. The Debug Logging tab is next up. Debug Logging allows us to capture to a log file any packets sent and received by the DNS server.
Think of it as Wireshark for your DNS server. You can log DNS packets and filter them by direction, protocols , IP addresses , and other parameters as shown below. You can setup the log file location and set the maximum file size in bytes:. Each Zone or Domain has a specific set of properties which can be configured as shown in figure 15 below.
In our example, firewall. Furthermore the zone's status is shown at the top area of the window — our zone is currently in the running state and can be paused by simply clicking on the pause button on the right:.
Zone Properties. Right below, you can change the zone type to primary , secondary or stub. You can also setup dynamic updates to be secure or not.
Similarly, you can setup aging or scavenging properties to automate the cleanup of stale records. Here, you can configure the serial number increments automatically every time there is a change in the DNS zone. The serial number is used by other DNS servers to identify if any changes have been made since the last time they replicated the zone.
The Primary server field indicates which server is primary server where the zone or domain is hosted. In case there are multiple DNS servers in the network, we can easily select a different server from here:.