Leo Tolstoy: A study of War and Peace By Philip Etyang Abstract The paper focuses its attention to the classic novel War and Peace by Leo Tolstoy. The paper. Tolstoy, Leo - War And Peace Author: Tolstoy Leo Leo Tolstoy Translated by Constance Garnett This eBook is designed and published by Planet PDF. v Vegetarian. Selection s Swimming Pool. E English-. Language set to open in abu Dhabi in Dubai & Abu Dhabi 7.
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War and Peace. Leo Tolstoy. This eBook was designed and published by Planet PDF. For more free eBooks visit our Web site at soundofheaven.info Free PDF, epub, Kindle ebook. War and Peace centers broadly on Napoleon's invasion of Russia in and follows three of the best-known characters in. War and Peace by Leo Tolstoy. Adobe PDF icon. Download this document as a. pdf: File size: MB What's this? light bulb idea Many people prefer to read.
Leo Tolstoy married Sophia Behrs in at the age of 34 years. Christian xii Narrative structure The narrative structure of War and Peace is noted for its God like ability to hover over and within events in the book, ranging from St. Well, and what has been decided about Novosiltsev's dispatch? A surprise attack led by Denisov and Dolohov frees Pierre and other prisoners. They both discover that an individual is largely effective in a situation of mass action. War and Peace.
Writers of this literary movement portrayed everyday life in all its logical details.
Writers steered off clear the conforming to an ultimate standard of perfection or excellence; Idealization. Realism was the total opposite of the Romantic Movement that had its foundations on dealing with idealized events remote from everyday life. Tolstoy in the opening chapter of Volume three of War and Peace uses an analogy of the Tortoise and Achilles to show how the recording of history is sometimes a sophism.
In whole chapter dedicated on the recording of history, Tolstoy engages us on how history ought to be recorded and in the process blurs the line between fiction and history in an effort to get closer to truth as stated in volume three. Tolstoy the Realist writer in War and Peace therefore presents everyday events in the complex lives of the Russian nobility represented by five aristocratic families; The Kuragins, the Bezukhovs, the Rostovs, the Bolkonskys and the Drubetskoys.
Petersburg and the family of Count Rostov who are based in Moscow and also own vast estates in the Russian capital. Tolstoy uses dates to give an account of the sequence of events in the book, a major trend in the Realist literary movement. Out of the characters that the author Leo Tolstoy presents to us in the book, War and Peace, the character of Prince Andrew is the most developed as we get an insight into his thoughts almost on a real-time basis.
His thoughts and actions are not magical or idealistic but real and reflective of a Prince in Russia at that time. We get to know what he goes through as he struggles to fit in to the lives of St. His illegitimacy, character and behavior are completely injurious on his quest to be accepted by the closely knit St. Petersburg society. The head of the home, Count Krill Vladimirovich, has fathered several illegitimate children. They are closely knit, and live for the moment no matter their financial situation.
The book starts in July of and ends with the French Invasion of Moscow in Tolstoy read a lot of journals, autobiographies and biographical materials relating to Napoleon and the other historical characters in War and Peace, which makes the novel ethnographic in nature.
War and Peace was published in and an English translation in The setting of the book is Russia. Action keeps shifting from St. Petersburg to Moscow and vice versa.
The temporal setting is in the 19th century. The social economic setting of the book is in a wealthy society of the Russian nobility represented by five families who own vast estates in Moscow and St. Language The novel was first written in Russian including the entire narration. However, portions of the book especially dialogues between the characters was in French. The characters however keep on switching between French and English. French was considered a language of prestige in the 19th century Russian aristocracy.
French, a foreign tongue, was perceived to be the language of the refined. The trend spread all over Europe and Russia was no exception to the relegation of their own mother tongue of Russian, for the sake of French.
Julia Karagina, an heiress who marries Boris Drubetskoy in War and Peace has to take Russian lessons in order to master her native language. He asks himself repeatedly why he used those French words that were deceitful. The Rostovs in Moscow together with Pierre socialize throughout the book in French and they end up being attacked by French legions.
Pierre is imprisoned for attempting to assassinate Napoleon. The Rostovs family estate is razed down to nothing and they flee Moscow. The use of French in the novel diminishes as it progresses. The characters who engage in French conversation in book two, three and four, have difficulties expressing themselves in French. Critics have suggested that this was a deliberate literary device by Tolstoy to show the progressive end of Russian ties to France before the French invasion to Russia in Synopsis of the novel The novel begins in July under the heading , at a Soiree hosted by Anna Pavlovna Schere.
But how do you do? I see I have frightened you—sit down and tell me all the news. Several members of the aristocracy are in attendance. Petersburg society and his marriage from his dialogue at the Soiree. He finds St. He infroms the host, Anna Pavlovna that he is joining the army as an aide- de- camp to General Mikhail Ilarionovich Kutozov, the Commander in Chief, during the upcoming war against Napoleaon.
They both discover that an individual is largely effective in a situation of mass action. Prince Andrew rejects being part of the administering forces, choosing, instead, to fight at the front. Andrey attends the war council on the eve of Austerlitz and wishes to be a hero. He is wounded during the battle. Compared to the limitless sky, which symbolizes death, Napoleon seems to Andrey petty and insignificant. Pierre wounds Dolohov in a duel over Ellen's alleged infidelity.
Liza Bolkonsky dies giving birth to a son, leaving Andrey with a deep sense of assuage able guilt. Dolohov falls in love with Sonya and avenges her rejection of him by fleecing Nikolay during a card game. He and the retired Andrey have a discussion about the meaning of life and death and Andrey is inspired with new hope.
The significance of their exchange points out the contrast between Pierre and Andrey. Meanwhile Nikolay has rejoined his starving regiment and Denisov faces court-martial for stealing food for his men. Nikolay asks the tsar for Denisov's pardon and witnesses the meeting between Napoleon and Alexander, a meeting between the old and new orders of government.
His petition rejected, Nikolay decides the sovereign knows best and submits to"higher authority. Pierre becomes disillusioned with masonry, while Princess Marya is made more unhappy by her father.
The Rostovs' financial problems increase, and Andrey goes to Switzerland. During her near-nervous breakdown, Pierre emerges as her comforter and their love is implied.
Andrey turns away from his past and commits himself to the men in his regiment, who adore him. Nikolay refrains from killing a Frenchman and is decorated for bravery because he took a prisoner. Natasha slowly recovers, aided by religious faith. Petya joins the army out of a youthful patriotism which Pierre also shares. The old prince dies and Marya moves her household to Moscow, but the war looms closer.
Despite the national upheaval, the Petersburg salons remain the same. Marya and Nikolay have a romantic first meeting, while Pierre visits the death marked Andrey on the eve of Borodino. This marks the turning point from defeat to victory for Russia.
Moscow's abandonment and burning is the great deed that saves Russia and the moment-by-moment details of the event are discussed, including Rastoptchin's last-minute bid for glory at the expense of the cause he pretends to further. He is reunited with Natasha, who nurses him. So close to death, Andrey understands the quality of divine love. Truth results from a life-death confrontation.
Pierre conceives the plan to assassinate Napoleon, but other incidents show he is destined to fail. She and Natasha are with him when he dies. Pierre is nearly executed by the French, who accuse him of incendiarism.
Pierre discovers an intense freedom in prison. I confess all these festivities and fireworks are becoming wearisome. Well, and what has been decided about Novosiltsev's dispatch? You know everything. They have decided that Buonaparte has burnt his boats, and I believe that we are ready to burn ours. Anna Pavlovna Scherer on the contrary, despite her forty years, overflowed with animation and impulsiveness.
To be an enthusiast had become her social vocation and, sometimes even when she did not feel like it, she became enthusiastic in order not to disappoint the expectations of those who knew her. The subdued smile which, though it did not suit her faded features, always played round her lips expressed, as in a spoiled child, a continual consciousness of her charming defect, which she neither wished, nor could, nor considered it necessary, to correct.
In the midst of a conversation on political matters Anna Pavlovna burst out: Perhaps I don't understand things, but Austria never has wished, and does not wish, for war.
She is betraying us! Russia alone must save Europe. Our gracious sovereign recognizes his high vocation and will be true to it.
That is the one thing I have faith in! Our good and wonderful sovereign has to perform the noblest role on earth, and he is so virtuous and noble that God will not forsake him. He will fulfill his vocation and crush the hydra of revolution, which has become more terrible than ever in the person of this murderer and villain! We alone must avenge the blood of the just one Whom, I ask you, can we rely on?
England with her commercial spirit will not and cannot understand the Emperor Alexander's loftiness of soul. She has refused to evacuate Malta. She wanted to find, and still seeks, some secret motive in our actions. What answer did Novosiltsev get? The English have not understood and cannot understand the self-abnegation of our Emperor who wants nothing for himself, but only desires the good of mankind.
And what have they promised? And what little they have promised they will not perform! Prussia has always declared that Buonaparte is invincible, and that all Europe is powerless before him And I don't believe a word that Hardenburg says, or Haugwitz either. This famous Prussian neutrality is just a trap.
I have faith only in God and the lofty destiny of our adored monarch.