Nfpa 130 pdf

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STANDARD FOR FIXED GUIDEWAY TRANSIT AND PASSENGER RAIL SYSTEMS. Includes all amendments and changes through Errata, May 11, NFPA - Download as Word Doc .doc /.docx), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. Fire in the underground. NFPA which is the “Standard for Fixed Guideway Transit and Passenger old metro which was constructed before NFPA , which was established in.


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This standard specifies fire protection and life safety requirements for underground, surface, and elevated fixed guideway transit and passenger rail systems. Consent Standard not presented at NFPA Technical Meeting. September 28 - 30, , San Diego, CA, DoubleTree Hotel, NFPA® Standard for Fixed Guideway Transit and Passenger Rail Systems. Edition. Reference: , , A NFPA Standard for Fixed Guideway Transit and Passenger Rail Systems. Format. Details. Price (USD). PDF. Single User. $ Print. Backordered.

The design process should include information exchange and agreement among the freight operator, the passenger services operator and the authority having jurisdiction. None Cookies: All public areas shall be fire separated from adjacent non-public areas. Abdul Raheem. Example s of interior fire scenarios include the following: However, the designer is encouraged to research the latest available data.

A material that, in the form in which it is used and under the conditions anticipated will not ignite, burn, support combustion, or release flammable vapors, when subjected to fire or heat.

Usage of NFPA for this item was absent in edition. An occupancy not under the control of the system operating authority. A station that is constructed such that it is directly open to the atmosphere and smoke and heat are allowed to disperse directly into the atmosphere. A portion of the train way used for temporary storage or light cleaning of trains and not intended to be used for trains occupied by passengers. A portion of dead end train way for temporary storage , turn around , or light Cleaning of trains and not intended to be used for trains occupied by passengers.

Chapter 4 Generals 4. The protection methods describe in this standard shall assume a single fire event from added in edition a single fire source.

Pdf nfpa 130

Where passengers and freight systems are operated concurrently through or adjacent to stations and train ways, the design of the stations and train way life safety from fire and fire protection systems shall consider the Hazard associated with both uses, as approved. Design Scenarios shall consider the location and size of a fire or a fire related emergency.

Chapter 5 Stations. During the course of construction or major modification of any structure, provision of NFPA shall apply. Added in edition. The flow and pressure required at the outlet shall be approved. Public areas on different levels in enclosed stations shall be permitted to be interconnected, provided fire separation is not required for smooth control or other fire protection purposes.

All public areas shall be fire separated from adjacent non-public areas. Bold Formatted: Highlight Formatted: Not Bold Formatted: All station public areas shall be fire separated from adjacent non-system Occupancies.

Pdf nfpa 130

Seating furniture in stations shall be non combustible , or it shall have limited rates of heat release when tested in accordance with ASTM E , as follows: The total energy released by the single seating furniture item during the first 10 minutes of the test shall not exceed 25 MJ 23, Btu.

The circuits shall be a listed fire resistive cable system with a minimum 1 hour rating , in Formatted: Italic Formatted: Highlight accordance with 5. Suitable embedment or encasement 2. Routine to the interior underground portion of the system facility. Diversity in system routing such as separate redundant or multiple circuits separated by a 1 hour fire barrier so that a single fire or emergency event will not lead to a failure of the system.

Escalators running reverse to the direction of egress shall be capable of being stopped locally and remotely as follows: A manual stopping device at a remote location ii. As part of a pre-planned evacuation response 4.

Where an audible signal or warning message is used, the following shall apply: Highlight c The warning message shall meet audibility and intelligibility requirement. Occupant Load: Calculation of Platform Occupant Load: There shall be sufficient egress capacity to evacuate the platform occupant load as defined in 5. The station also shall be designed to permit evacuation from the most remote point on the platform to a point of safety in 6 minutes or less.

Italic, Highlight Formatted: Where elevators are counted as contributing to the means of egress capacity, the following shall apply: Underwater tubes shall be not less than type II non-combustible construction as defined in NFPA , as applicable.

Remote vertical exit shafts and ventilation structures shall be not less than type —I non combustible construction as defined in NFPA Highlight or type-II or combination of type-I or type-II non-combustible constructions as defined in NFPA , determined by engineering analysis of potential fire exposure hazards to the structure.

Other books: NFPA 90B PDF

Except as described in 6. Enclosed train way shall be such that, in event of failure of the normal supply to, or within the system, emergency power shall be provided with emergency power in accordance with Article of NFPA 70, and chapter 4 of NFPA The supply system for emergency purposes, in addition to the normal services to the train way, shall be one or more of the type of systems described in subsections In no case shall single conductor wire smaller than the following sizes be used: Batteries and their associated circulatory shall be installed with the following requirements: The requirements of this section shall apply to fixed guideway and passenger rail vehicles designed to meet the engineering analysis option permitted by Section 8.

Chapter 9 — Emergency Procedures 9. An emergency procedure shall be developed to address specifically the various types of emergencies that might be experienced on the system and shall include, but not be limited to, the following: Chapter 10 Communications Annex A Explanatory Material A.

The technical documentation should clearly identify any assumptions included in the evaluation. Also, it is the intent of this standard to recognize that future editions of this standard are a further refinement of this edition and earlier editions.

It is not a waiver or deletion of a requirement provide by a standard. The prescriptive provisions of this standard specific requirements for broad classifications of structures. These requirements are stated in terms of fixed values, such as maximum travel distance, minimum fire resistance ratings and minimum features of required systems, such as detection, alarm, suppression, and ventilation, and not in terms of overall, guideway, or vehicle system performance.

However, the equivalency clause in 1. Equivalency provides an opportunity for a performance-based design approach. Through the rigor of a performance based design, it can be demonstrated whether a station, guideway , or a vehicle design is satisfactory and complies with the implicit or explicit intent of the applicable requirement provided by a standard. When employing the equivalency clause, it is important to clearly identify the prescriptive-based standard provision being addressed scope , to provide an interpretation of the intent of the provision goals and objectives , to provide an alternative approach proposed design , and to provide appropriate support for the suggested alternative evaluation of proposed designs.

Pdf nfpa 130

Performance resulting from proposed designs can be compared to the performance of the design features required by this standard. Using prescribed features as a baseline for comparisons, it can then be demonstrated in the evaluation whether proposed design offers the intended level of performance.

A comparison of safety provided can be used as the basis of establishing equivalency. Direct dispersion is passing to atmosphere without ducting, without accumulation in occupied areas, and without entering or passing through another occupied level of the station. The document has evolved to now include passenger rail systems. The basis of the document — providing the minimum life safety from fire and fire protection requirements—still stands.

It is not intended for the document to provide design basis for non-fire events such as explosions or other random acts of sabotage. It is not a waiver or deletion of a requirement provide by a standard. The prescriptive provisions of this standard specific requirements for broad classifications of structures. These requirements are stated in terms of fixed values, such as maximum travel distance, minimum fire resistance ratings and minimum features of required systems, such as detection, alarm, suppression, and ventilation, and not in terms of overall, guideway, or vehicle system performance.

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However, the equivalency clause in 1. Equivalency provides an opportunity for a performance-based design approach. Through the rigor of a performance based design, it can be demonstrated whether a station, guideway , or a vehicle design is satisfactory and complies with the implicit or explicit intent of the applicable requirement provided by a standard. When employing the equivalency clause, it is important to clearly identify the prescriptive-based standard provision being addressed scope , to provide an interpretation of the intent of the provision goals and objectives , to provide an alternative approach proposed design , and to provide appropriate support for the suggested alternative evaluation of proposed designs.

Performance resulting from proposed designs can be compared to the performance of the design features required by this standard. Using prescribed features as a baseline for comparisons, it can then be demonstrated in the evaluation whether proposed design offers the intended level of performance.

NFPA : STANDARD FOR FIXED GUIDEWAY TRANSIT AND PASSENGER RAIL SYSTEMS

A comparison of safety provided can be used as the basis of establishing equivalency. Direct dispersion is passing to atmosphere without ducting, without accumulation in occupied areas, and without entering or passing through another occupied level of the station. The document has evolved to now include passenger rail systems. The basis of the document — providing the minimum life safety from fire and fire protection requirements—still stands. It is not intended for the document to provide design basis for non-fire events such as explosions or other random acts of sabotage.

Freight operations can affect life safety from fire hazards due to concurrent operations. The increased hazard includes the potential for rapid fire development to fire heat release rates that can exceed those of a non-freight vehicle, with combustible loads that might support fires that burn for days.

The increased hazard also includes non-fire events involving release of materials hazardous to life. The design process should include information exchange and agreement among the freight operator, the passenger services operator and the authority having jurisdiction. All concurrent freight and passenger uses should be given consideration. More detailed consideration of the relative life safety from fire hazards is strongly recommended when applied to underground facilities, where the confined nature of the space will magnify the hazards.

Consideration should include implications of concurrent uses for freight systems operated through or adjacent to passenger stations and concurrent uses for freight systems operated through or adjacent to passenger trainways. Therefore, the system design must consider specific fire scenarios that could occur. Fire location and size are examples of factors that fire scenarios must consider. This scenario occurs from a fire that originates within a station or trainway or the interior passenger compartment of the vehicle.

Example s of interior fire scenarios include the following: This scenario occurs as a result of a fire originating outside the passenger compartment of the vehicle and penetrating the exterior of the vehicle. Examples of exterior fire scenarios include the following: Consequences can increase if a fire occurs when occupants are as follows: Fire scenarios that are appropriate for a particular system vehicle and operating environment could not be applicable to another system vehicle and operating environment.

Fire-separated exit stairs can also be required in order to satisfy the requirements for 5. Patronage can vary for different user groups periodically or change over time. Modification can be warranted based on engineering analysis. It is not intended that the calculation be required to account for delays that can result from products of combustion or debris along the egress route or for movement of those who are unable to achieve self-evacuation.

This should be considered appropriate only in conjunction with other provisions of this standard, such as the requirement to discount one escalator at station level. Where this alternative is used , there should be assurance that the escalators counted will continue to be operational in the exit direction during revenue service. Such escalators should also be connected to emergency power. Further, other codes regulating transit station design permit the escalator capacity to be based on operating capacity e.

Ontario Building Code, Section 3. However, the designer is encouraged to research the latest available data. The edge effect described in 5. Where mullions are incorporated, the flow value for single- leaf doors should be used. See Chapter 8. The envelope created by the boundary limits defined by this paragraph is intended to gradually change from point to point. With respect to clearances to the vehicle , the measurements should be to the static vehicle envelope See Figure A. Flag for inappropriate content.

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Pdf nfpa 130

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