Selenium is a software testing framework for automating web applications for testing purposes. It uses components such as Selenium IDE, Selenium Client API . as word, txt, kindle, pdf, zip, rar and ppt. among them is this certified Instant Selenium Testing. Tools Starter Gundecha Unmesh that has actually been created by. Did you know that Packt offers eBook versions of every book published, with PDF and ePub files available Do you need instant solutions to your IT questions? PacktLib is .. Selenium WebDriver is the most used tool for browser automation.
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Simply use your login credentials for immediate access. Table of Contents Instant Selenium Testing Tools Starter 1 So, what is Selenium? 3 The basic features. Get Instant Access to PDF File: #c14 Instant Selenium Testing (c) - page 1 of 7 - Download Instant Selenium Testing Tools Starter By. Ebook Pdf Instant Selenium Testing Tools Starter Gundecha Unmesh contains important information and a detailed explanation about Ebook Pdf Instant.
If you are used to install Firefox plug-ins or open source Java tools, and are able to sometimes RTFM if nothing else helps you don't need this book - but as the current documentation of selenium still refers to the 1 version, and this book does also, it definitely has value a quick overview to get yo Typical "Hello Selenium" level book - and good in that respect, although in the meantime it's getting kind of old SeleniumIDE in the book is 1. In Detail Selenium is a software testing framework for automating web applications for testing purposes. In this section, you will learn about the 5 most important Selenium IDE and WebDriver programming features that you will certainly want to know about. A strong understanding of using Selenium will get you developing tests to ensure the quality of your applications. The test code will not have access to these elements.
In this section, you will get to know a bit about Selenium; its basic features, what you can do with it, and how you can put it to work with automating tasks in a browser window, or build automated tests to validate your web application. The basic features of Selenium Selenium is a browser automation framework.
Selenium offers the following set of tools for automating interaction with browsers: This is a Firefox add-on for recording and playing back Selenium scripts with Firefox.
It provides a GUI for recording user actions using Firefox. It's a great tool to start learning and using Selenium, but it can only be used with Firefox while other browsers are not supported. However, you can convert the recorded scripts into various programming languages supported by Selenium WebDriver and run these scripts on browsers other than Firefox. This is a programming interface for developing more advanced Selenium scripts using different programming languages.
You can also run tests on multiple browsers supported by Selenium. The following figure provides a high-level architecture of Selenium WebDriver: It supports writing scripts with various programming languages including Java,.
This allows remote and distributed execution of Selenium scripts. You can also use the Grid feature of a standalone server to run tests in parallel and run tests on mobile platforms such as Android or Apple iOS for iPhone and iPad.
Selenium is widely used for automated testing of web applications; however, its usage is not limited to testing. Selenium mimics user actions such as entering text into a text field, clicking on buttons or links, selecting an option from a drop-down list, and many more, in a browser window as if a human user is interacting with the application.
Selenium is also used for screen scraping and automating repetitive tasks in web applications. You can create automated regression tests using Selenium and run them whenever you need to test a new build of your application. You can use Selenium to automate repetitive tasks such as data entry, filling out forms, check status, or perform complex navigation steps while manual testing.
Step 1 — What do I need? Before you install Selenium IDE, you will need to check that you have all of the required elements, as listed: You can download and install Eclipse from http: Start the Firefox browser and navigate to the Selenium home page at http: On the Download page, go to the Selenium IDE section and click on the version link as shown in the following screenshot.
We suggest that you download the most current stable build and as of writing this book the most stable build is 1. Selenium IDE Version 1. After downloading, Firefox will request your permission to install the add-on.
Click on the Allow button as shown in the following screenshot: Firefox will download the add-on and display the Software Installation dialog box as shown in the following screenshot. Click on the Install Now button: Firefox will install the Selenium IDE. Firefox will restart after the add-on is installed. Selenium IDE will be launched on top of the Firefox window as shown in the following screenshot: And that's it!
By this point, you should have a working installation of Selenium IDE, and you should be free to play around and discover more about it. In the next section, you will see the power Selenium IDE has and how useful it is for automating and testing web applications. During the recording, we will add some additional commands to the test and run the recorded test. At the end of this section, we will show you how to export the recorded test to Selenium WebDriver.
A test is a basic building block in Selenium IDE. It contains commands for navigation, test steps, and checks for expected versus the actual state of the application. In this section we will show you how to create your first test and execute this test with Selenium IDE. Step 1 — Recording and adding commands in a test In this section we will show you how to record a test on a demo e-commerce application.
We will test the product search feature of the application using the following steps: Launch the Firefox browser. Open the website for testing in the Firefox browser.
For this example we will use http: Selenium IDE by default sets the recording mode on. If it's not pressed, you can start recording by pressing the record button in the top-right corner. Now switch back to the Firefox browser window and type Nokia in the search textbox and click on the Search button as shown: Check if the link Nokia Phone is present in the search results.
Next, we will click on the Nokia Phone link to open the product page and check if the Nokia Phone text is displayed on the product page. Go back to Selenium IDE. Stop the recording session by clicking on the Recording button: In the Save As dialog box, enter the test case name as SearchTest.
The test will be saved with the name SearchTest. You can create and record more than one test case in a test suite. Select the test which you want to execute from the test suite pane and click on the play current test case button.
Selenium IDE will start the playback of the test and you can see the steps that we recorded earlier are being played automatically in the browser window.
At end of execution, Selenium IDE will display results as per the following screenshot: All the steps which are successfully completed will be heighted in green and checks in dark green.
If there are any failures in the test, those will be highlighted in red. This is how Selenium IDE helps you testing your web application. Step 5 — Exporting a recorded test to Selenium WebDriver Selenium IDE is great to start, however, you will need more to build a test automation framework. Complex tests, with conditional statements and logic, parameterization cannot be automated very well using Selenium IDE. In addition to this you might need features such as detailed logging and reporting, error handling particularly unexpected errors, database testing, and integration with other testing tools and frameworks that are not supported by Selenium IDE.
For building a flexible, maintainable, and robust framework, you will need to use Selenium WebDriver. However, when using it for testing and building a test framework, there is much more needed. You will need an integrated development environment IDE to build your test project and inject other dependencies in to the framework.
We will show how to use Eclipse for developing tests with Selenium WebDriver. Eclipse is a very popular IDE in the Java world. Eclipse provides a feature-rich environment for Selenium WebDriver test development in Java. Along with Eclipse, Apache Maven also provides support for managing the entire lifecycle of a test project. Maven is used to define project structure, dependencies, build, and test management. You can use Eclipse and Maven for building your Selenium WebDriver test framework from a single window.
Another important benefit of using Maven is that you can get all the Selenium library files and their dependencies by configuring the pom. Maven automatically finds and downloads the dependencies to the project from the Maven central repository while building the project.
In this section we will show you how to configure a new Maven project in Eclipse with the following steps: Launch the Eclipse IDE. Create a new project by selecting File New Other from the Eclipse main menu.
On the New dialog, select Maven Maven Project as shown in the following screenshot: Next, the New Maven Project dialog box will be displayed; select the Create a simple project skip archetype selection checkbox and keep everything as default and click on the Next button: On the New Maven Project dialog box, enter com.
You can also add a name and description. Keep everything as default and click on the Finish button, as shown in the following screenshot: Eclipse will create the com. Select pom. This will open the pom. Select the pom. Add the WebDriver and JUnit dependencies highlighted in the following code to pom. Add the com. Create a new class SearchTest. Copy the entire contents from the Source tab and add it to the SearchTest class: Pattern; import java. TimeUnit; import org.
FirefoxDriver; import org. To run the tests in the Maven lifecycle, select the com.
Right-click on the project name and select Run As Maven test. Maven will execute all the tests from the project using Selenium WebDriver with other language bindings. NET bindings You can also use Selenium along with.
For more information, refer to the bonus chapter Integration with other tools from Packt Publishing's Selenium Testing Tools Cookbook at http: In this section, you will learn about the 5 most important Selenium IDE and WebDriver programming features that you will certainly want to know about. Here, you will learn how to work with running tests on different types of web browsers, locating elements, working with WebElements, synchronization, and capturing screenshots during test runs.
You can develop a test on one browser and run it on all the supported browsers as needed. This feature is essential for cross-browser testing of your web application. You can run tests on combinations of operating systems and web browsers. We can use the Selenium standalone server to run tests that are created with Selenium IDE on different browsers other than Firefox using the following steps: Download the latest release of Selenium standalone server from http: This command will launch the Selenium standalone server.
We used the — htmlSuite option through which we can tell the server to execute the tests created using Selenium IDE. We also specified the browser on which we want to run the tests and the name of the test suite along with the path and name for the output result file.
The server will launch Google Chrome and execute all the tests from the specified test suite. The following list is of the major drivers supported by WebDriver: Firefox For more information on FirefoxDriver, see http: Chrome For more information on ChromeDriver, see http: The driver supports running bit and bit versions of the browser on Windows.
Ie For more information on InternetExplorerDriver, see http: Remote "http: Opera For more information on OperaDriver, see http: This is done by installing and running a iWebDriver app on the iOS device or simulator. Similar to iPhoneDriver, an Android application running on the device or emulator is used to run the tests.
You can use RemoteWebDriver for running your tests in a distributed architecture. Packt Publishing, — 52 p.
Packt Publishing, Selenium is a suite of tools to automate web application testing across many platforms. A strong understanding of using Selenium will get you developing tests to ensure the quality of your applications. This book helps you understand and use Selenium to create tests and make sure that what your Learn the basics of breaking down a web application for testing. Understand AJAX calls and how they work with your tests.
Create basic scripts that allow you to recreate issues quickly. Set up Firefox Driver, Firefox profiles, and extensions. Get your tests working on mobile devices.