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Topics Arab-Ka-Chand. Collectionopensource. LanguageUrdu. Arab-Ka-Chand. IdentifierArabKaChand. Identifier-arkark://t9z06g عرب کا چاند. byسوامی لکشمن پرشاد. Topics Arab ka chand. Arab ka chand by Sadiq Hussain Siddiqi, , swami laksham parsad edition, in Urdu. There's no description for this book yet. Can you add.
Little is known about the early life of the princes Akananda and Bakananda. Archived from the original on June 17, Hidden categories: Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. At this time lower caste people ware oppressed by upper caste brahmins which led to mass conversions to Islam.
It is established that Sindhi was among the earliest languages of the East in which the Quran was translated in the eighth or ninth century AD There is evidence of Sindhi poets reciting their verses before the Muslim Caliphs in Baghdad.
It is also recorded that treatises were written in Sindhi on astronomy , medicine and history during the eighth and ninth centuries. His verses, known as "ginans", can be taken as the specimen of early Sindhi poetry.
He came to Sindh during the year AD. His poetry is an interesting record of the language which was spoken commonly at that time. He was a Sufi and a preacher of Islam. His verses are, therefore, full of mysticism and religion. Pir Sadruddin — AD , was a great poet, saint and Sufi of his time.
He composed his verses ginans in Lari and Katchi dialects of Sindhi. He also composed the "ginans" in the Punjabi , Seraiki , Hindi and Gujarati languages. He modified the old script of Sindhi language, which was commonly used by the lohana caste of Hindus of Sindh who embraced Islam under his teaching and were called by him ' Khuwajas ' or ' Khojas '. Sammas were original inhabitant of Sindh.
This period has been captioned as "Basic period for Sindhi poetry and prose". Mamui Faqirs' Seven Sages riddles in versified form are associated with this period.
Ishaq Ahingar Blacksmith was also a famous poet of this period. He has composed Doha and Sortha form of poetry and are an important landmark in history of Sindhi literature. Shah Abdul Karim Bulri , Shah lutufullah Qadri , Shah Inayat Rizvi , Makhdoom Nuh of Hala , lakho lutufullah , Mahamati Pirannath and many others are the renowned literary personalities of this period who have enriched Sindhi language with mystic , romantic and epic poetry.
It was during this age that Sindhi was standardized. Sindhi classical poetry achieved its full blossom in the poetic work of Shah abdul Latif Bhittai.
Sorely, who compared the poetry of the great poets of all major languages of the world, including Greek , Latin and Arabic , in his book Musa Pravaganus , gives first place to Shah Latif for his language and thought. He invented a variant of tanbur , a musical instrument still used when his verses are sung by people who love his literature.
Bhittai gave new life, thought and content to the language and literature of Sindh. He traveled to remote corners of Sindh and saw for himself the simple and rustic people of his soil in love with life and its mysteries. He studied the ethos of the people and their deep attachment to the land, the culture, the music , the fine arts and crafts.
He described Sindh and its people. Through simple folk tales , Lateef expressed profound ideas about the universal brotherhood of mankind, patriotism , war against injustice and tyranny, and above all the romance of human existence.
He was a great musician also and he evolved fifteen new melodies swaras.
The great beauty of his poetry is that his every line or verse is sung till this day with a specific note or melody. Khalifo Nabi Bux is one of the greatest epic poets of Sindh, known for his depictions of patriotic pathos and the art of war.
Modern Sindhi literature began with the conquest of Sindh by the British in The printing press was introduced. Magazines and newspapers brought about a revolution in Sindhi literature. Books were translated from various European languages, especially from English.
People were hungry for knowledge and new forms of writing.
The accelerated pace of literature production can be judged from the example of Mirza Kalich Beg , who in the last two decades of the nineteenth century and the first two decades of the twentieth wrote more than four hundred books, including poetry, novels, short stories and essays.
He also wrote on science, history, economics and politics. Thousands of books were turned out at that time on all forms and facets of literature.
After World War I , the social and economic scene of the world underwent a tremendous change.
The aftermath of the war and the socialist revolution of Russia affected the literature of every country. Sindhi literature too was influenced by these trends. Creating new awakening in the minds of the people working in the field of literature, they began to translate the new social consciousness into artistic forms of literature. They were now more objective and less romantic. Progressive thoughts opened the door for new trends in Sindhi literature.
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May Learn how and when to remove this template message. Book 4, Hadith Sahih Muslim. Retrieved September 1, Book 32, Hadith Sahih Bukhari.
Book 31, Hadith 3. Sahih al-Bukhari.
Archived from the original on June 17, Salah Islamic prayer. Salat al-Janazah prayers for the absent. Jumu'ah Tarawih.