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Real World OCaml. Functional Programming for the Masses. Version 1. The original version of the book, as published in Note that many of the examples. Media, Inc. Real World OCaml, the image of a Bactrian camel, and related trade .. that, along with the OCaml compiler, lets you build real-world applications. This is the source code for the Real World OCaml 2nd edition, which is still a work in progress. The original edition was written by Yaron Minsky, Anil Madhavapeddy and Jason Hickey, and the revised edition is being lead by Yaron Minsky and Anil Madhavapeddy. The book is structured.
Online PDF. A simplified semantic model is used to describe in a precise manner the features found in most programming languages. Formatted Output with printf 3. Important notions are presented from a practical point of view, and the implementation of some of these is analyzed and sketched. Anonymous Functions 2.
Sharing Constraints 3. Destructive Substitution 4. Using Multiple Interfaces 9.
Chapter 10 First Class Modules A Query Handling Framework 1. Implementing A Query Handler 2. Dispatching to Multiple Query Handlers 3. Loading and unloading Query Handlers Chapter 11 Objects Width Subtyping 2.
Depth Subtyping 3. Variance 4. Narrowing 5. Subtyping vs Row Polymorphism. Chapter 12 Classes Functional Iterators How Names Are Resolved 2. Mixins 3. Displaying Animated Shapes. Chapter 13 Maps And Hashtables Creating Maps With Comparators 2. Trees 3. The Polymorphic Comparator 4.
Sets 5. Satisfying the Comparator. S Interface Satisfying the Hashtable. Chapter 23 The Compiler Backend: Bytecode and Native Code Pattern Matching Optimization 2. Benchmarking Pattern Matching. We need to type ;; to tell the toplevel to evaluate an expression. Not needed in files, though useful to improve error reporting 2. After evaluation, the top level prints the type of the value and then the value. Function arguments are separated by spaces.
Floats and integers are distinct, both in literals 9. Inferring Generic Types. The record parameter names here x and y are on the left. Field Punning: When the record field and function parameter names are the same, we don't have to write them both down.
Single mutable values are created by ref. The ref type comes predefined in the stdlib but there is nothing special about it. It is justa record with one field. For And While Loops. Compiling And Running We build with corebuild, a small wrapper on top of ocamlbuild, a build tool that ships with the ocaml compiler.
Variable names must start with a letter or underscore. Tuples and records patterns are irrefutable. Labeled arguments. They can also be defined by name , i. A 'gotcha' with labeled arguments is that 1.
Essentially named parameter order can clash with use of function as parameter to higher order ones. More weirdness about choosing between labels and options etc etc.
Basically don't use these. Just do 'normal' FP as with Haskell. Real World OCaml Uploaded by magesmail Flag for inappropriate content. Related titles. Jump to Page. Search inside document. Real World OCaml. Compiling And Running 1. Optional arguments Chapter 3 Lists And Patterns 3. Interfaces Before Implementation Chapter 5 Records 5. Subtyping vs Row Polymorphism Chapter 12 Classes Benchmarking Pattern Matching Notes: After evaluation, the top level prints the type of the value and then the value utop sqrt 9.
A product type, called a 'record'. The record parameter names here x and y are on the left Field Punning: Refs Single mutable values are created by ref. List patterns are not. Multiargument Functions are curried.
Prefix And Infix Operators Functions can be used in both prefix and infix style. Essentially named parameter order can clash with use of function as parameter to higher order ones 7. Optional arguments let concat? Chapter 3 Lists 3. Gilmer Calderon Quispe. Madalina Marcu. Zahratul Fitri. Pratik Shah. Prajwal Goud. It is divided in three parts. The first part is an introduction to OCaml, which presents the language itself, but also introduces evaluation by rewriting, evaluation strategies and proofs of programs by induction.
The second part is dedicated to the description of application programs which belong to various fields and might interest various types of readers or students. Finally, the third part is dedicated to implementation. It describes interpretation and compilation, with brief descriptions of memory management and type synthesis. Book Website Order at Amazon.
This book is a work in progress. It currently includes sections on the core OCaml language, Camlp4, parsing, various libraries, the OCaml runtime, interoperating with C, and pearls.
It is an introductory programming textbook based on the OCaml language. It is a modified version of Think Python by Allen Downey. It is intended for newcomers to programming and also those who know some programming but want to learn programming in the function-oriented paradigm, or those who simply want to learn OCaml.
Book Website PDF. Computer programming is hard to learn. Being a skillful programmer requires imagination, anticipation, knowledge in algorithmics, the mastery of a programming language, and above all experience, as difficulties are often hidden in details. This book synthesizes our experience as teachers and programmers. The programming style is essential.
Given a programming language, the same algorithm can be written in multiple ways, and some of them can be both elegant and efficient. This is what the programmer must seek at all costs and the reason why we choose a programming language for this book rather than pseudo-code. Our choice is OCaml. This book is organized into three parts. The first one introduces OCaml and targets beginners, being they programming beginners or simply new to OCaml.
Through small programs, the reader is introduced to fundamental concepts of programming and of OCaml. The second and third parts are dedicated to fundamental concepts of algorithmics and should allow the reader to write programs in a structured and efficient way.
Algorithmic concepts are directly presented in the syntax of OCaml and any code snippet from the book is available online. Online Order at Amazon. A comprehensive pages book on OCaml, covering not only the core language, but also modules, objects and classes, threads and systems programming, and interoperability with C. Written by two of the implementors of the Caml Light compiler, this comprehensive book describes all constructs of the programming language and provides a complete documentation for the Caml Light system.
Pierre Weis, Xavier Leroy Second edition: First edition: InterEditions, Paris, Out of print. This book is a comprehensive introduction to programming in OCaml. Usable as a programming course, it introduces progressively the language features and shows them at work on the fundamental programming problems. In addition to many introductory code samples, this book details the design and implementation of six complete, realistic programs in reputedly difficult application areas: It describes interpretation then compilation, with brief descriptions of memory management and type synthesis.
This book offers sixteen problems in computer science, with detailed answers to all questions and complete solutions to algorithmic problems given as OCaml programs. It deals mainly with automata, finite or infinite words, formal language theory, and some classical algorithms such as bin-packing. It should also be useful to all teachers and computer science students up to a masters degree.
Springer's Catalog Page. This book presents exercises and 5 problems about algorithms, for masters students.
It attempts to address both practical and theoretical questions. Programs are written in OCaml and expressed in a purely functional style. Problem areas include programming methodology, lists, formula evaluation, Boolean logic, algorithmic complexity, trees, languages, and automata.
The course begins with an introductory lesson on algorithms and a description of the OCaml language. Then, several fundamental algorithms are described and illustrated using OCaml programs. The book adopts a mathematical approach: This book is suitable for students with some mathematical background, and for everyone who wants to learn the bases of computer science.
It deals with trees, algebraic expressions, automata and languages, and OCaml streams. The book contains more than OCaml programs. It includes a tutorial of the OCaml language, a course on algorithms, data structures, automata theory, and formal logic, as well as exercises with solutions. This book presents a new approach to teaching programming concepts to beginners, based on language semantics. A simplified semantic model is used to describe in a precise manner the features found in most programming languages.
This model is powerful enough to explain typechecking, polymorphism, evaluation, side-effects, modularity, exceptions. Yet, it is simple enough to be manipulated by hand, so that students can actually use it to compute. The book begins with a functional approach, based on OCaml, and continues with a presentation of an imperative language, namely Ada. It also provides numerous exercises with solutions. This book is intended for beginners, who will learn basic programming notions.