The following chart explains the flow of funds when transaction involves between current and non-current accounts: Fund Flow Statement Flow of Funds. Fund Flow Statement (FFS) INTRODUCTION. • When we move from one balance sheet to another balance sheet, the picture of assets. Fund flow statement helps in analysis of sources & uses of funds for a /study- mm/Financial___Accounting/Financial%20&%20Accounting/Lessonpdf.
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Statement of Changes in Working Capital. • Adjustments effects Funds Flow Statement. – Depreciation. – Profit or Loss on Sale on Asset. – Provision for Taxation. 70, To Dividend Paid. 20, To closing balance. 60, By Adjusted Profit. 1,10, 1,50, 1,50, Fund Flow Statement. Sources of Funds. Amount. PDF | • Fund flow statement is a statement showing sources and application of funds for a period of time. • Fund flow statement is one of the.
Principle or Rules for Preparation of Working Capital Statement The following rules may be kept in mind while preparing working capital statement: Share capital The opening stock according to books 'was Rs. Shahriar Alam Rifat. The fund flow statement also termed as Statement of Sources and Application of Fund. Utilised for bonus shares 1. And Non-Current Assets.
Like this, the fund used for the purchase of machinery will be taken as application or use of fund or outflow of fund. Because it stands to reduce the fund position. The following chart shows the movement of funds: Some transactions may not make any movement or changes in the fund position. Such transactions are involved within the business concern. Like the transaction which involves both between current assets and current liabilities or between non-current assets and non-current liabilities and hence do not result in the flow of funds.
For example, conversion of shares in to debenture. Such transaction involves between non-current account only and this activity does not effect in increase or decrease of the working capital position. Statement of Changes in Financial Position It is a statement prepared on the basis of all financial resources, i. This statement is attempt to measure changes in both current and non-current accounts.
The changes in financial position may occur in deal with following transactions: The following chart explains the flow of funds when transaction involves between current and non-current accounts: And Non-Current Liabilities When the transaction involves between non-current account and between current account it is not movement of funds.
The following chart shows the no flow of funds: The term "Current Assets" refer to the assets of a business of a transitory nature which are intended for resale or conversion into different form during the course of business operations. For example, raw materials are purchased and the amount unused at the end of the trading period forms part of the current as stock on hand.
This class of asset include those of tangible and intangiable nature having a specific value and which are not consumed during the course of business and trade but provide the means for producing saleable goods or providing services.
The term Current Liabilities refer to amount owing by the business which are currently due for payment. They consist of amount owing to creditors, bank loans due for repayment, proposed dividend and proposed tax for payment and expenses accrued due. It is also called as Permanent Liabilities. Any amount owing by the business which are payable over a longer period time, i. Debenture, long-term loans and loans on mortgage etc.
Provision for taxation may be treated as a current liability or an appropriation of profit. When it is made during the year it is not used for adjusting the net profit, it is advisable to treat the same as current liability.
Any amount of tax paid during the year is to be treated as application of funds or non-current liability. Because it is used for adjusting the net profit made during the year. Like provision for taxation, it is also treated as a current liability and non- current liability, when dividend may be considered as being declared. And thus, it will not be used for adjusting the net profit made during the year. If it is treated as an appropriation, i.
Provision for bad and doubtful debts, provision for loss on inventories, provision for discount on creditors and provision made against investment etc. This statement is prepared on the basis of "Working Capital" concept of funds. Fund flow Statement helps to measure the different sources of funds and application of funds from transactions involved during the course of business.
Fund Flow Statement Importance or Uses of Fund Flow Statement Fund Flow Statements are prepared for financial analysis in order to meet the needs of people serving the following purposes: Difference between Fund Flow Statement and Income Statement Fund Flow Statement Income Statement 1 It explains the different sources and uses of 1 It reveals the net profit or net loss in a funds during the particular period.
Thus, it is complementary to income statement. Trial Balance. I It is prepared on the basis of information related to historical in nature. It ignores to project future operations. Preparation of Fund Flow Statement Fund flow analysis involves the following important three statements such as: Fund From Operations II. Fund Flow Statement. The operating profit revealed by Profit and Loss Account represents the excess of sales revenue over cost of goods sold.
In the true sense, it does not reflect the exact flow of funds caused by business operations. Because the revenue earned and expenses incurred are not in conformity with the flow of funds. For example, depreciation charges on fixed assets, write up of fixed assets or fictious assets, any appropriations etc.
Because they have already been charged to such profits. Hence, fund from operation is prepared to find out exact inflow or outflow of funds from the regular operations on the basis of items which have readjusted to the current profit or loss.
The balancing amount of adjusted profit and loss account is described as fund from operations. The adjustments may be shown in the specimen proforma of profit and loss account as given below: Particulars Amount Rs. Amount Rs. Profit and Loss Account Rs. Provision for tax and Interim Dividend are not treated as current liability.
Before preparation of fund flow statement, it is essential to prepare first the schedule of changes in working capital and fund from operations. Statement of changes in working capital is prepared on the basis of items in current assets and current liabilities of between two balance sheets. This statement helps to measure the movement or changes of working capital during a particular period. The working capital may be "Increase in working capital" or "Decrease in working capital.
Similarly, a decrease in the amount of an item of current assets in the current year as compared to the previous year would represent decrease in working capital. In the same way over all changes in working capital is calculated and presented in the schedule of changes in working capital. Principle or Rules for Preparation of Working Capital Statement The following rules may be kept in mind while preparing working capital statement: The following is a specimen form may be used for preparation of schedule of changes in working capital.
Increase Decrease Current Assets: Current Liabilities: In Working Capital Total Balance Sheet Liabilities Assets Rs. Cash in Hand 15, 10, - 5, Cash at Bank 10, 8, - 2, Debtors 1,60, 2,00, 40, - Stock 77, 1,09, 32, - Bills Receivable 20, 30, 10, - Total A 2,82, 3,57, Current Liabilities: Cash at Bank 15, 25, 10, - Stock 30, 35, 5, - Bills Receivable 25, 40, 15, - Trade Debtors 15, 30, 15, - Total A 85, 1,30, Current Liabilities: Balance Sheet Paniculars Rs.
Cash Balances 30, 40, Debtors 60, 56, Stock 1,10, 1,44, Building 1,60, 2,00, Machinery 30, 20, 3,90, 4,60, Liabilities: Cash Balances 30, 40, 10, - Debtors 60, 56, - 4, Stock 1,10, 1,44, 34, - Total A 2,00, 2,40, Current Liabilities: The statement of changes in working capital is prepared with the help of current assets and current liabilities.
Similarly, fund from operation is prepared on the basis of profit and loss account to find out the exact movement of funds in different operations. After preparing schedule of changes in working capital and fund from operations, at the last stage a comprehensive fund flow statement can be prepared on the basis of component of non-current assets, non-current liabilities of balance sheet and relavent information.
In other words, this statement is prepared with the help of the changes in non-current assets and non-current liabilities of balance sheet. Components of Sources and Application of Funds The following are the components of different sources and applications of funds: Payment of Tax; Payment of Dividend.
Sources of Funds: Application of Funds Amount Rs. Balance sheet Liabilities Assets Rs. Increase in Net working capital i.
Fund means working capital Flow: Flow means changes occurred in between two different time periods Statement of changes in working capital: Enlisting the changes taken place in between the Current assets and current liabilities of two different time horizons Current assets: Assets which are in the form of cash.
In a narrow sense. Give your opinion. Balance sheet reveals the status of the firm only at the end of the year. The projected fund flow statement from the past performance facilitates the firm to anticipate the future requirement of financial resources.
What is meant by fund flow? A report on the movement of funds or working capital. Applications side of the fund flow Decrease in working capital: Decrease in Net working capital i.
List out the various objectives of preparing the fund flow statement. Excess of current assets over the current liabilities. Excess of current liabilities over the current assets. Resources side of the fund flow Fund from operations: Income generated from only operations Fund lost in operations: Loss incurred in the operations 7.
Define flow. What are the steps involved in the process of fund flow statement? Explain the process of preparing the statement of changes in working capital. Draft the pro forma of the Fund flow statement. Excel Books.
Tata McGraw Hill. Khan and Jain. Vikas Publishing. New Delhi Prasanna Chandra. New Delhi. Gupta and Radhaswamy. Explain any non current account transactions affecting the fund position of the firm. Briefly explain the limitations of fund flow statement.
Theory and Practice". Enumerate the various advantages in the preparation of fund flow statement. Nitin Balwani. Fund flow. Flag for inappropriate content. Related titles. Working capital Final project II Php app Jump to Page. Search inside document. Documents Similar To Fund flow. Jonathan Moon. Ankit Chauhan. Jerome James Foliente. Sat Nam. Raj Verma. Deepalaxmi Bhat. Gurucharan Soren.
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