Bhagavata Purºa delighted and had twelve sons by her, who too was highly pleased. 7. These twelve sons were: Tosa, Pratosa, Santosa,. Bhadra, Śānti. Below are offered download links for epub, pdf, mp3 and html files of the content available online at soundofheaven.info Why are these books offered for free?. Bhagavata Purana - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free.
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Swami Tapasyananda, to whose book on the Bhagavata Purana. I owe my understanding of the Meaning and Purpose of this great work. Download the The Bhagavata Purana as a free PDF ebook. In The Bhagavata Purana concepts like Advaita, Yoga, Bhakti and Dharma are introduced. He, being the cause, is in (all) things and is different as the things are effects,. Page 8. Bhagavata Purana. OR (ii) This universe being composed of parts.
These were then related to whatever reward man received or sought to receive from the gods. The above date. Other Jivas in animals in my predicament are aware of only their bodily instincts. Prithu - Crop. Sushupti Deep sleep.
But the fact is that if we do not receive donations for our work, we have to apply for other support. Not wishing to depend on government support we would have to go begging. Begging and vagrancy are allowed spiritually, but are actually forbidden in many cultures of this world we are part of. That makes legal dependency inevitable without your support. This type of legally arranged dependency out of need is unfavorable because the government makes demands for providing what one also calls the dole or charity, for as long as basic incomes based upon equal civil and human rights have not been achieved.
Till then they in principle can force one to do menial slave labor, strange to one's nature, leaving little or no time and energy left to do this type of voluntary labor. They claim your life and drag you into all kinds of impure spheres if they want to and that is exactly the opposite of what we strive for in self-realization. One of the demands formally made in exchange for the dole is that one does one's best to acquire money by means of delivering some type of paid service.
In this case of spiritual service one should not be motivated for the 'fruits of labor' though, the money it might bring, for that simply builds up karma - profit-minded labor - that creates a hindrance. The spiritual purpose is to diminish karma and increase dharma - e. Because of karmic 'I' and 'mine' claims on everything material, the people on this planet have less access to the services and goods available and are subdued to dishonorable material demands, so that finding liberation in 'unmotivated' devotional service becomes impossible.
Hence we here urge you to consider this before you download this material. Think of first making a regular donation in exchange for the regular or incidental use of our services here and at bhagavata. But indeed, if you think our service does not deserve such a compensation from your side, then leave us to the caprices of the government. Our association will thus be less enlightened and spiritually positive, to which I then would have to say that we failed to properly serve the cause and the devotees.
But as yet this is not the case, we are keeping up our services here for more than 16 years now, stable under the protection of His divine grace. I hope all of you may join in and enduringly support and enjoy this freedom and service all together so that we may have a better world. We as devotees all together have to take responsibility for the independence of our devotional activities and thus constitute a lead, a beacon of enlightenment and liberation, in the global community.
HTML up to date as indicated. Running English Anand Aadhar Prabhu. Nederlands Anand Aadhar Prabhu. Canto 1 text: Modern scholarship on Puranas manuscripts, including those of Bhagavata Purana, has been challenging because there are numerous, inconsistent versions of each Purana. Scholars have long acknowledged the existence of Purana manuscripts that "seem to differ much from printed edition", and it is unclear which one is accurate, and whether conclusions drawn from the randomly or cherrypicked printed version were universal over geography or time.
The Bhagavata is primarily a bhakti text, with an emphasis on achieving moksha through cultivating a personal relationship with Vishnu in the form of Krishna. While Bhakti Yoga is the prominent teaching, various passages show a synthesis that also includes Samkhya, Yoga, Vedanta, and Advaita Vedanta.
The Bhagavata is among the most important texts on bhakti, presenting a fully developed teaching on bhakti that originated with the Bhagavad Gita. Many of the bhakti teachings in the Bhagavata are presented as yogic activities—meditating on the lila of Krishna ; hearing and singing about Vishnu as Krishna; remembering, serving, and worshiping him; dedicating all of one's actions to him—all are among nine activities of Bhakti Yoga taught in the Bhagavata.
While classical yoga attempts to shut down the mind and senses, the Bhakti Yoga in the Bhagavata teaches that the focus of the mind is transformed by filling the mind with thoughts of Krishna. There are many didactic philosophical passages, but the lengthy narrative stories are also a teaching; the book describes one of the activities that lead to liberation moksha as listening to, reflecting on the stories of Krishna and sharing their feelings for Krishna with others.
The Purana presents seven teachers and their hagiographic stories—describing for example Kapila , the Samkhya philosopher, as someone who was born as a full grown adult, who teaches his mother that to reach liberation, she must have bhakti, jnana wisdom , and vairagya dispassion , with bhakti being the most important. Surendranath Dasgupta describes the theistic Samkhya taught by Kapila in the Bhagavata as the dominant philosophy in the text. This is in contrast to classical Samkhya, where the impulse for creation is "inherent in primal nature", or prakriti.
The treatment of Samkhya in the Bhagavata is changed by the text's emphasis on devotion. He gives Samhkhya and Yoga as the way of overcoming the dream, with the goal of Samhkhya as Bhagavan himself in the aspect of Krishna. The Bhagavata frequently discusses the merging of the individual soul with the Absolute Brahman , or "the return of Brahman into His own true nature", a distinctly advaitic or non-dualistic philosophy of Shankara.
The aim of life is inquiry into the Truth, and not the desire for enjoyment in heaven by performing religious rites, Those who possess the knowledge of the Truth, call the knowledge of non-duality as the Truth, It is called Brahman , the Highest Self , and Bhagavan.
Scholars describe this philosophy as built on the foundation of non-dualism speculations in Upanishads, and term it as "Advaitic Theism". God in this philosophy is within, is not different from the individual self, states Daniel Sheridan, and transcends the limitations of specificity and temporality. Bryant states that the monism discussed in Bhagavata Purana is certainly built on the Vedanta foundations, but not exactly the same as the monism of Adi Shankara. The Gopis milkmaids said to Krishna: Some love back those loving, some do the contrary of this, and some love neither, Oh!
Krishna replied: Mutual love is essentially about mutual gain, thus is neither dharmic nor genuinely friendly. Truly compassionate and dharmic lovers are those, who love without being loved in return. In the sociology of the Bhagavata Purana, writes Edwin Bryant, those with malicious and evil intent are first destroyed, but even they are involuntarily liberated because they constantly think of Krishna and devote their life to destroying him.
Some scholars disagree that the Bhagavata Purana was a socially and sexually revolutionary text, states Coleman, rather it may reflect a conservative ideology where women in the form of Gopis amorously chase the divine Krishna who is represented as a man, the liberation of Gopis is actually fleeting despite their praise in the text as the most blessed of devotees for love.
The Bhagavata Purana is "strongly heterodox" in its philosophy, states Sheridan, but this is unlikely to have been because of the last author of presently surviving manuscripts. The text, in Book 7, describes the legend of a bhagavata devotee named Prahlada.
Prahlada disagrees with his father, resists him, and pursues what he feels is right. In this legend, and many others, the text challenges presumption and stereotypes about a person based on birth and heredity, as well as encourages the readers through the character of Prahlada to resist threats, harassment and indoctrination from anyone.
The Purana conceptualizes a form of Dharma that competes with that in the Vedas , suggesting that Bhakti ultimately leads to Self-knowledge, Moksha salvation and bliss. The legends of Bhagavata Purana discuss and describe Dharma through examples.
The text does not subscribe, state Gupta and Valpey, to contextless "categorical notions of justice or morality", but suggests that "Dharma depends on context". In Chapter 15 of Book 7, the Bhagavata identifies different forms of these destructive, negative and chaotic contexts, naming Upa-dharma heretical polemics, misrepresentation , Vi-dharma obstruction, disruption , Abhasa-dharma semblance, pretension , Chala-dharma deceit as examples of Adharma.
In a positive or neutral context, states the Bhagavata, ethics and moral behavior must be adhered to; when persistently persecuted by evil, anything that reduces the strength of the "evil and poisonous circumstances" is good. The Bhagavata Purana describes all steps of the Yoga practice, characterizes Yoga as Bhakti, states Sharma, asserting that the most important aspect of the Yoga is the spiritual goal.
The 10th chapter of Book 11 begins with a declaration that Siddhi results from concentrating one's mind on Bhagavan Krishna, which thus resonates but substitutes the concept of "personal god" in Yogasutras of Patanjali, yet also contrasts with Patanjali's view where Siddhi is considered powerful but an obstacle to Samadhi and towards the goal of Self-knowledge, inner peace and moksha.
However, the Bhagavata Purana, in explaining the method of reaching that goal, recommends the object of concentration as Krishna, thus folding in Yoga as a form of bhakti and the "union with the divine".
The philosophy of the Bhagavata is a mixture of Vedanta terminology, Samkhyan metaphysics and devotionalized Yoga praxis. The tenth book promotes Krishna as the highest absolute personal aspect of godhead — the personality behind the term Ishvara and the ultimate aspect of Brahman.
Sheridan as well as Pintchman affirm Bryant's view, with the added remark that the Vedantic view emphasized in the Bhagavata is non-dualist described within a reality of plural forms. The Purana includes an introduction in Book 1 that describes its own creation. The sage Narada advises Vyasa that his unease was because he had not yet described the highest goal of knowledge.
The text describes Shuka as a precocious Advaita Vedantin who, rather than becoming a Krishna devotee, entered sannyasa and renounced the world as a child. After hearing the recital, Parikshit dies.
Many of the legends are interconnected in the Bhagavata. The Varaha story in Book 2 is in turn linked to the story of Jaya and Vijaya , who had inadvertently annoyed four child sages in another legend of Book 3. Evil has temporal reasons that feeds it, good has spiritual reasons that sustains it, and the cosmic tension between the two, with cycles of conflict, weaves through the chapters in twelve books of the Bhagavata Purana.
The first book introduces the Bhagavata, with a dialogue between sages Vyasa and Narada. They assert that there is a need for a practical document that distills the means to a spiritual life.
Sage Narada then states, "when he meditated on Self in Self through Self", he realized that he was doing Bhakti. He taught the entire Purana to Shuka , his young son.
Shuka leaves to roam the world, and meets King Parikshit, who is dying on the bank of the river Ganges. Several sages gather around him, including teenage Shuka. Parikshit asks Shuka what he should do to prepare for death. In Book 2 , Shuka tells Parikshit that when one is in terminal condition and expecting death, one should become free of the fear of death by letting go of all attachments to likes and dislikes, home and family. Shuka explains the theory of Yoga , of bhakti, different types of dharana , the nature of Bhagavan , and the liberation for a yogi.
Book 2 also presents a theory of cosmology, a theory on human anatomy, how human body has all the Vedic gods in it Sattvic , ten sensory organs and abilities Rajasic , five material elements Tamasic , as well as the universal Purusha. In response to Parikshit's questions, Shuka describes creation and the avatars of Vishnu, concluding with a description of the ten characteristics of a Purana. Vishnu is Atman in each being, manifests Himself in action consciousness and will.
Brahma is the propelling power in the involution of beings, which gives them their physical body. Vishnu is the propelling force in the evolution of beings through Prana life , sensation, intellect and lastly the spiritual faculties.
Vidura 's pilgrimage to various holy places provides the backdrop for the stories and spiritual teachings in Book 3. Near the Yamuna River Vidura meets Uddhava , who gives him the news of the Kurukshetra War and about Krishna 's death in chapter 1 of Book 3 this is described in greater detail in chapters 30 and 31 of Book 11 as well. The story of the birth of Hiranyakasipu and Hiranyaksa is told, including the latter's death at the hands of Varaha , the boar avatar of Vishnu.
An important story is the tale of Devahuti and her son Kapila , thus folding in one version of the teachings of the Samkhya school of Hindu philosophy. Kapila's Samkhya teachings help lead her to final liberation. The third book also includes Maitreya's theory on the qualities of Supreme Truth and of the individual self atman, soul.
The story of Daksha and his sacrifice is told, in which he mocks Shiva in front of Dakshayani —his own daughter and Shiva's consort—resulting in Dakshayani's self-immolation, which later came to be known by one of her names, Sati.
The legend of Dhruva 's penance and devotion to Vishnu is also recounted, along with the related story of king Prithu. The book ends with the recounting of the renunciation and liberation of the Pracetas brothers. This is the story of Manu 's sons and their children leads eventually to Bharata and a description of the world, the sun and its course, the moon and the planets, the regions below the earth, and the twenty-eight hells naraka.
Book 6 ends with the birth of the Maruts. In the beginning, I alone existed. There was nothing else as internal or external. I was pure consciousness and unmanifested. There was deep sleep everywhere. This version expands on the story of Prahlada as told in the Vishnu Purana , and is the form that is most commonly told in Hinduism.
Prahlada is considered a great devotee of Vishnu, and describes the process of bhakti toward Bhagavan. In Book 7, the text states that, "Bhagavan is one without a second".
The sage shaking off the three dream states waking, dreaming, dreamless sleeping through understanding himself meditates on the non-duality of thought bhavadvaitam , the non-duality of action kriyadvaitam , and the non-duality of substance dravyadvaitam.
The description of the six past Manvantaras ages or time periods of Manu and the seven future ages of Manu includes several stories, many involving the avatars of Vishnu. Nine chapters are dedicated to the oft told story of Vishnu's Vamana dwarf avatar and his defeat of Bali. The story of the churning of the ocean of milk  is also recounted, which is done with the help of the Kurma avatar of Vishnu.
The current age of Manu is described at length, including the traditional history of the Solar Dynasty founded by Ikshvaku and the Lunar Dynasty of Pururavas.
A long history of dynasties is described— Panchala , Magadha , Kuru , Anu, Druhyus , Turvasu, and others—leading up to the Yadu dynasty and the birth of Krishna to his parents Vasudeva and Devaki. The tenth book, dedicated to Krishna, is responsible for the widespread popularity of the Bhagavata Purana.
Book Ten includes the most enduring images and stories of Krishna: The tenth book is by far the lengthiest, taking up almost one quarter of the entire Bhagavata. While the Mahabharata and the Bhagavad Gita show Krishna in various roles as teacher and diplomat, book 10 shows Krishna simply engaging in lila , or divine and intimate play with his devotees.
It presents this intimate relationship with God as the highest goal of human existence. The Book describes how after a long period of peace and prosperity, carelessness and excesses within the society make people forget self responsibility, and the need to follow or protect dharma.
The end comes through a senseless but brutal internecine war, described as a drunken fight, which kills all the Yadavas along with Krishna's human form. The last chapter describes Krishna's ascent to Vaikuntha. Book eleven also includes the so-called Uddhava Gita , the last discourse of Krishna, which he addresses to Uddhava.
The last book of the text includes various prophesies, such as the future rulers of Magadha , along with the evils of Kali Yuga and how Kali Yuga cycle will end with the destruction of the world pralaya to give birth to new Yuga cycle.
The main story ends with the death of King Parikshit. The book includes a summary of the entire Bhagvata, a standard description of the ten characteristics of a Purana that is found in every Puranic text, three chapters about the life of Markandeya , and the assurance that it is the greatest among puranas. From the beginning to the end, with its [Bhagavata] stories of detachment, it delights the saintly and the virtuous with the nectar of its many Lila of Hari.
The essence of all the Upanishads this is, the sign that the Brahman [God] is one's Atman [Soul within], it illuminates the One Reality without a second, it is the means of attaining Kaivalya [liberation]. The Bhagavata Purana played a key role in the history of Indian theatre, music and dance, particularly through the tradition of Ras and Leela. These are dramatic enactments about Krishna's childhood, teenage and adult life.
The themes range from his innocent frolics as a child, to his expressing his confusion and doubts about approaching girls, to him wooing and romancing gopis girls in the cow herding community who meet him secretly thus getting in trouble with their parents, to his intimacy with beloved Radha, to his playing flute while saving the world from all sorts of troubles and thus preserving the dharma.
The Bhagavata Purana grants the singing and dancing and performance of any part of it, as an act of remembering the dharma in the text, as a form of para bhakti supreme devotion towards the Lord. To remember Krishna at any time and in any art, asserts the text, is to worship the good and the divine. Bhagavatam also encouraged theatrical performance as a means to propagate the faith BP The Book 10 of Bhagavatam is regarded as the inspiration for many classical dance styles such as Kathak , Odissi , Manipuri and Bharatnatyam.
The Bhagavata ranks as an outstanding product of Sanskrit literature. Perhaps more significantly, the Bhagavata has inspired more derivative literature, poetry, drama, dance, theatre and art than any other text in the history of Sanskrit literature, with the possible exception of the Ramayana. The stories in the Bhagavata Purana are also the legends quoted by one generation to the next, in Vaishnavism, during annual festivals such as Holi and Diwali.
The Bhagavata Purana is one of the most commented texts in Indian literature. Over eighty medieval era Bhasya scholarly reviews and commentaries in Sanskrit alone are known, and many more commentaries exist in various Indian languages.
The oldest exegetical commentary presently known is Tantra-Bhagavata from the Pancaratra school. From the modern age there is the commentary by Madhvacharya c. Other commentaries are: Vopadeva wrote the Mukta-phala and the Hari-lilamrita. Vijayadhvaja composed the Pada-ratnavali. Other works are the Subodhini by Vallabha and Bhakti-ratnavali by Visnupuri.
Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada has written a multi-volume edition that includes English translation and commentary of striking Purports, which has been translated in more than 40 languages. The Tattva Sandarbha commentary of the 16th-century Vaishnava scholar Jiva Goswami analyzes the text, with the remark that the Bhagavata is written in a popular story style, which is easy to read and simpler to understand, than other important ancient Indian philosophical literature.
The Bhagavata has been rendered into various Indian and non-Indian languages. A version of it is available in almost every Indian language, with forty translations alone in the Bengali language. The following is a partial list of translations chronological order:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Bhagavata Purana manuscripts from 16th- to 19th-century, in Sanskrit above and in Bengali language. Other scriptures.
Bhagavad Gita Agamas. Ramayana Mahabharata. Shastras and sutras. Chronology of Hindu texts.