Antony and Cleopatra study guide contains a biography of William e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and. Get all the key plot points of William Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra Get the entire Antony and Cleopatra LitChart as a printable PDF. Summary. Introduction. Antony and Cleopatra is one of Shakespeare's best In Antony, Cleopatra, and Augustus Caesar, Shakespeare depicts characters that.
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Complete summary of William Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra. eNotes plot summaries cover all print Print; document PDF. This Page Only · Entire Study. Synopsis 6. The Path Guy 7. Anticipation Guide 8. Reading the Play Like all of Shakespeare's plays, even though Antony and Cleopatra was .. http:// soundofheaven.info . Antony and Cleopatra is a tragic play by William Shakespeare first performed in Read a Plot Overview of the entire play or a scene by scene Summary and.
Her capitol city, Alexandria, was considered the greatest cultural and commercial center in the eastern Mediterranean. What are their thoughts and predictions for the future? Is she truthful? She meets with Caesar, and seems obedient to his wishes. Antony and Cleopatra are quite public with their private affair. Yare, yare, good Iras; quick:
Is he fearful of her power over Antony? A soothsayer appears for a second time in the play. What are his warnings and what references are made to the supernat- ural as proof of his predictions? Which mood most accurately portrays her true personality? Pompey and the triumvirate finally meet face to face. How does each leader feel about the outcome of the meet- ing? The Soothsayer warned Antony that his angel would be overpowered if he stays in Rome.
Who seems to overshadow Antony? During the banquet scene, Lepidus gets drunk and has to be carried out. Is it purely for comic relief or to show a weakness in Lepidus?
What role does Enobarbus play in these festivities? In the midst of the banquet and drunken revelry, at least one person is conspiring to overthrow the others. Who is this person and does he have the power to carry out these ambitions?
By the end of Act II, there appears to be a united front among all parties. Are they actually united? Does the calm, unit- ed surface hide turbulence beneath? If so, who causes this turbulence? Many servants and subordinates express their opinions about the treaty. What are their thoughts and predictions for the future?
How accurate are their perceptions? Why does Shakespeare create this dichotomy? What opinions do fellow soldiers have of Lepidus? How are they altered after his drunken behavior at the banquet? How does Octavia feel about it? Will Antony be any more loyal to Octavia than he was to Fulvia? How sincere is the farewell of Caesar, Antony, and Octavia? Who appears to be the most sincere? Who might be disguis- ing ulterior motives? Is Cleopatra truly jealous of Octavia and her marriage to Antony, or is she simply concerned that Octavia will win his full attention?
Does he take cues from Cleopatra on appro- priate answers to her questions? If so, what signs does she give him? What kind of relationship do Antony and Octavia have? Is Antony sincerely trying to make the marriage work? To what extent is he honestly upset at the treatment of his sister?
What other motive might he have for appearing upset? Is it her passion for Antony that takes her to his side? Her need to show her superiority over Octavia?
Or does she have other motives? How sound are his strategies? How would the Elizabethans have staged the battle scenes in Actium? What staging devices might have been used to dramatize the actions of scenes viii, vix, and x? How is Antony noble in defeat? Does he deserve the praise he receives from his peers and followers? Why does Cleopatra flee the battle at Actium? Why does Antony forgive her? Why does Antony send his schoolmaster as his ambassador? How does Caesar receive this humble messenger?
Does anyone really consider this a workable proposal? Yet another scene presents Antony accusing Cleopatra of being faithless and betraying him, and yet again, he forgives her. How does Cleopatra convince him of her loyalty and love? In the beginning of the act, Shakespeare gives us a glimpse of each camp before the final battle.
What is the emotional atmosphere in each camp? How do the generals of each camp differ in leadership style? What are the perspectives of the subordinates as they prepare for battle? Antony has a feast with his men before the day of battle. What is the Biblical reference? What is the significance? Is the omen positive or negative for their side? Do they agree? How does this omen foreshadow upcoming events?
Antony makes many generous gestures to his soldiers. How do these acts of generosity reflect on his character as a gener- al? Part of his generosity is his willingness to forgive. One such act of forgiveness and generosity has a profound effect on one of his men. Why does Antony win the battle?
What are the circumstances surrounding this battle? How do they differ from those pre- viously fought?
Did the Egyptians con- spire with Caesar and throw the battle or did the Egyptian fleet surrender in defeat? Cleopatra sends a false message to Antony of her suicide, using manipulation to get what she wants. How does this reflect on her as a leader?
Eros takes his own life, rather than kill Antony. What would have happened to him had he killed Antony? What effects do the multiple suicides have on other characters in the play? Were these suicides the only answers in des- perate times or did the characters have other options?
What would have happened to each of the characters had they not taken their own lives? How does this reaction reveal the true feelings of Cleopatra?
ACT V 1. Is Caesar sincere in his assurance to Cleopatra that she will be treat- ed with respect and dignity? Why does Caesar send so many men to watch over Cleopatra?
Many men confide in Cleopatra, telling her to trust them. Who sounds trustworthy? Caesar and Cleopatra finally meet face to face. How does he approach Cleopatra and what tone does he use with her? Does Cleopatra honestly attempt suicide with the dagger or is this another one of her manipulations?
What picture does Cleopatra paint of her captor and her likely treatment should she go to Rome? How does this influ- ence her final decision?
How does Shakespeare show the class differences between Cleopatra and the countryman or Clown who brings the basket of figs? What killed Iras?
How does Cleopatra die? How significant is the means of her suicide? What might have happened to her had she not died along with Cleopatra? Who is the greatest victor here? Is there a victor? How does Shakespeare show class differences in characters through their speech patterns, word- ing, and switches from poetry to prose?
Have students read the passages aloud and discuss their choices oral interpretation. Have the students read the rewritten passages aloud and discuss their find- ings. Have them write an exploratory essay comparing the quotations and revealing the syntax that supports this similar theme.
Have them also find contrasting themes. Would she had never given you leave to come! I have no power upon you; hers you are. Die where thou hast lived, Quicken with kissing. Had my lips that power, Thus would I wear them out.
I little thought You would have followed. Throw my heart Against the flint and hardness of my fault, Which, being dried with grief, will break to powder, And finish all foul thoughts.
O, Antony, Nobler than my revolt is infamous, Forgive me in thine own particular; But let the world rank me in register A master-leaver and a fugitive.
O Antony! Desist and drink. If I lose mine honor, I lose myself: Mine honor was not yielded, But conquered merely. This is his sword; I robbed his wound of it: The loyalty well held to fools does make Our faith mere folly: She had a prophesying fear Of what hath come to pass; for when she saw Which never shall be found you did suspect She had disposed with Caesar, and that your rage Would not be purged, she sent you word she was dead; But, fearing since how it might work, hath sent Me to proclaim the truth, and I am come, I dread, too late.
Behold and see. We cannot call her winds and waters sighs and tears; they are greater storms and tempests than almanacs can report. I know they are in Rome together, Looking for Antony. But all the charms of love, Salt Cleopatra, soften thy waned lip! Let witchcraft join with beauty, lust with both! Tie up the libertine in a field of feasts, Keep his brain fuming.
I have followed thee to this. But we do launch Diseases in our bodies. I must perforce Have shown to thee such a declining day, Or look on thine: But yet let me lament With tears as sovereign as the blood of hearts That thou, my brother, my competitor In top of all design, my mate in empire, Friend and companion in the front of war, The arm of mine own body, and the heart Where mine his thoughts did kindle—that our stars, Unreconciliable, should divide Our equalness to this.
Good sirs, take heart: Come, away. This case of that huge spirit now is cold. Ah, women, women! Come; we have no friend But resolution, and the briefest end. Put color in thy cheek. EROS The gods withhold me! Yare, yare, good Iras; quick: I see him rouse himself To praise my noble act. I hear him mock The luck of Caesar, which the gods give men To excuse their after wrath.
Husband, I come: Now to that name my courage prove my title! I am fire, and air; my other elements I give to baser life. So, have you done? Come then, and take the last warmth of my lips. Farewell, kind Charmian, Iras, long farewell. Dost fall? Dost thou lie still? Assign such topics as: Have them present their findings to the class. Discuss where and how the author uses artistic license.
Where is the play or film historically accurate? Where does Shakespeare stray from history in Antony and Cleopatra? Where does Shakespeare embellish the plot? What were their strategies, loyalties, and relationships to other politi- cal leaders of their time? What differences are apparent, if any, in their leadership styles? What letters might they have exchanged while away from each other during each act of the play?
What might their individual thoughts have been before battle or treaty? Write these as letters or journal entries. Many individuals have different opinions of what is going on and some have disgruntled reactions to the treaty, harboring secrets and angling for private advantage. Assign parts to each student and have them ad lib in a crowd scene.
Then freeze into a tableau. Have the rest of the class try to figure out who is portraying which role and the motivation of each character. What opportunities are there for house entrances through the standing patrons in the yard of the theater often called groundlings?
A boy would have played the part of Cleopatra. How would this affect the staging of the play? How would their dramatization differ from the Elizabethan tale written and produced by Shakespeare? The Romans were known to flood the Coliseum and stage dramatic battle scenes. Alternately, have them suggest scenes that could have hap- pened, but did not. For example, Cleopatra does not commit suicide but Caesar does indeed parade her down the streets of Rome as his trophy.
Search through art books or on the internet to find reproductions. Have students study the reproductions for symbols, motifs, and style of portraiture. Have students create portraits of Antony, Cleopatra, and Octavius Caesar and include mythological symbolism in the foreground, background, and in the motifs on the clothing of these famous individ- uals. Students could explore various symbols that represent the qualities of each character and tie them to their mythological character by placing these symbols in the portrait.
What does Cleopatra really want? If you were to write her epitaph, what would it be? To whom is he most loyal? If you had to choose one overriding motivation for Antony and then Cleopatra, which word would be most fitting, and why? Shakespeare for Kids: His Life and Times: Chicago Review, This paperback book provides diagrams and illustrations depicting the characters of Shakespeare and his con- temporaries.
The book also provides clear directions on how to create Shakespearean crafts, costumes, and plays to perform. Epstein, Norrie. The Friendly Shakspeare: This playfully illustrated paperback book is filled with helpful facts and trivia on the performance history and textual content of many Shakespearean plays. Gibson, Rex. An extremely detailed guide on how to read Shakespearean plays and look for use of language, imagery, and approach the plays with various perspectives including such topics as feminism, psychoanalysis, and political per- spectives.
Hopping Egan, Lorraine. Teaching Shakespeare, Yes You Can!
Includes a poster of famous Shakespeare quotes, and inter- net links. Langley, Andrew and June Everette. Oxford University Press Cleopatra, Penguin, A popular biography which sifts the historical evidence of her political maneuvers. Illustrated with a large num- ber of paintings of the queen from different historical periods. George, Margaret. The Memoirs of Cleopatra: A Novel, Griffin Trade Paperback, Gregory, Kristiana.
An elegantly written royal diary of Cleopatra VII, covering her escape by boat to Rome, where she and her father plead for help; her struggle to adapt to this new city; and how she deals with Pompey and Mark Antony. The Concordances of Shakespeare http: William Shakespeare and the Internet http: It includes pages devoted to the original Globe and other playhouses in Early Modern London, reports and photographic documentaries on reconstruction and perform- ances at the New Globe, and also some practical information.
His teaching focused on adolescent literature, having introduced the first courses on the subject at both the University of Virginia and the University of Georgia. From to she was a professor of education and chairperson of the Education Department at the University of North Carolina at Asheville. She is the author or co-author of 15 books in the fields of adolescent literature, foundations of education, and methods of teaching. She has taught almost every grade from second grade through doctoral candidates.
She lives in Asheville, North Carolina with her husband Don, two dogs, and a cat. Jekyll and Mr. Download pdf. Menas is annoyed that Pompey is not taking advantage of the situation, and decides to desert him. The feast continues and everyone drinks raucously, until Octavius says he has indulged in enough fun and departs. Meanwhile, in Parthia, Ventidius wins a military victory for Antony.
Back in Rome, Octavia weeps at having to leave her brother and go with Antony to Athens. Octavius sadly but without crying bids farewell to his sister.
Octavia says she will go to Rome to try to mend the rift between Antony and Octavius. Now, the world is divided between Antony and Octavius. Against the advice of his commander Canidius , Antony decides to fight Octavius at sea. A soldier begs him to reconsider, but he remains stubborn. Antony also prepares his forces for battle.
They are evenly matched and there is no clear winner, but Cleopatra flees. Antony sees this and follows her, effectively conceding the battle. He is frustrated with Cleopatra and thinks that he will surrender to Octavius. He sends an ambassador to Octavius, who tells the ambassador that he will show no mercy to Antony, but will pardon Cleopatra if she will either kill Antony or drive him out of Egypt.
Octavius sends a messenger named Thidias to go and promise Cleopatra gifts in an attempt to persuade her to leave Antony for Octavius. Enobarbus thinks this is a ridiculous plan and starts to wonder whether he should remain loyal to Antony.
Thidias arrives and tells Cleopatra that Octavius will look kindly on her if she should leave Antony. Cleopatra tells him she will gladly surrender to Octavius. He has servants beat Thidias and send him back to Octavius.
He yells at Cleopatra for betraying him, but she convinces him that she is really faithful to him. Antony begins to recollect his courage and plans to fight back against Octavius. He tells his followers to enjoy one last night of revelry and drinking before their final fight against Octavius. The next day, Antony prepares for battle and kisses Cleopatra before leaving. Enobarbus receives his things from Antony, and regrets his decision to leave his kind former leader. The battle begins, and Agrippa is forced to call for his forces to retreat.
Antony has gained a victory, and returns to Alexandria to celebrate with Cleopatra. The next day, Antony fights Octavius at sea. He blames Cleopatra for the defeat and says that she has betrayed him. Cleopatra tries to soothe him, but he calls her a witch and sends her away.
Charmian suggests to Cleopatra that she should go to her tomb, lock herself inside, pretend to kill herself, and send word of her death to Antony. Cleopatra agrees with the plan. Antony talks with Eros, and describes how sometimes clouds appear to be a particular shape, but then dissolve and change form. Mardian enters and tells Antony that Cleopatra really did love him.
He tells Eros to stab him, but Eros refuses and stabs himself instead. Antony then stabs himself. He is saddened by the news, as he respected Antony as a strong opponent. Octavius sends his men Proculeius and Gallus to go to Cleopatra and persuade her that he has no ill intentions toward her, so that she will not commit suicide like Antony and ruin his actual plans to parade her as a prisoner in his triumph at Rome.
Cleopatra tells Dolabella about a dream she had of a gigantic, powerful Antony who ruled the world. Octavius arrives and tells Cleopatra that he will not harm her if she surrenders to him.
He leaves, and Cleopatra thinks about how she would become a subject of public ridicule at Rome. She sends Charmian and her servant Iras to get her best clothes and crown, so that she can look her most beautiful when she dies.
A common man arrives, bearing a basket of figs for Cleopatra. Hidden in the basket are asps poisonous snakes. Cleopatra kisses Charmian and Iras goodbye, and Iras falls dead.
Cleopatra takes an asp and lets it bite her breast, then has another one bite her arm. She dies. A guard rushes in and sees what has happened, as Charmian lets an asp bite her and dies, as well. Sign In Sign Up.
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Antony and Cleopatra by William Shakespeare. Download this LitChart! Themes All Themes.